Broadway Junction (New York City Subway)

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For the Brooklyn neighborhood, see Broadway Junction (Brooklyn).
Broadway Junction
NYCS A NYCS C NYCS J NYCS L NYCS Z
New York City Subway rapid transit station complex
Broadway Junction from outside vc.jpg
The elevated part of the complex
Station statistics
Address Van Sinderen Avenue & Fulton Street
Brooklyn, NY 11233
Borough Brooklyn
Locale East New York / Cypress Hills
Coordinates 40°40′44.11″N 73°54′12.43″W / 40.6789194°N 73.9034528°W / 40.6789194; -73.9034528Coordinates: 40°40′44.11″N 73°54′12.43″W / 40.6789194°N 73.9034528°W / 40.6789194; -73.9034528
Division B (BMT/IND)
Line       BMT Canarsie Line
IND Fulton Street Line
BMT Jamaica Line
Services       A all times (all times)
      C all except late nights (all except late nights)
      J all times (all times)
      L all times (all times)
      Z rush hours, peak direction (rush hours, peak direction)
Connection
Levels 3
Traffic
Passengers (2013) 2,948,156 (station complex)[1] Increase 3%
Rank 169 out of 421

Broadway Junction is a New York City Subway station complex shared by the elevated BMT Canarsie Line and BMT Jamaica Line, and the underground IND Fulton Street Line. It was also served by trains of the Fulton Street Elevated until that line closed in 1956. It is located roughly at the intersection of Broadway, Fulton Street, and Van Sinderen Avenue at the border of Bedford-Stuyvesant and East New York, Brooklyn. The fare control area is located at the eastern end of the Fulton Street Line station. The complex is served by the:

  • A, J, and L trains at all times
  • C train at all times except late nights
  • Z train during rush hours in the peak direction only

History[edit]

The name Manhattan Junction or Manhattan Beach Junction was applied to the station on what is now the Jamaica Line when it opened in 1885;[2][3] the area had been known as Manhattan Beach Crossing since before then,[4][5] due to the crossing of the Long Island Rail Road's Manhattan Beach Division. A station on the Fulton Street Elevated at Sackman Street opened on July 4, 1889,[6] when the line was extended to Atlantic Avenue.

A two-track, one-half-block elevated connection was built along on the east side of Vesta Avenue (now Van Sinderen Avenue) between the Fulton Street and Broadway Lines.[7] This connection, equipped with third rail, was opened on August 9, 1900, and new service patterns were implemented: during times other than rush hours, Lexington Avenue and Fulton Street trains were through-routed, and travel beyond Manhattan Junction required a transfer.[8][9] This "East New York Loop" was unpopular, and was soon stopped;[10] the next service to use the tracks was the BMT Canarsie Line to Broadway Ferry (later the 15 train), joined to the Fulton Street Line at Pitkin and Snediker Avenues in 1906.[citation needed]

The name was changed from Manhattan Junction to Broadway Junction in 1913.[11] The BMT Canarsie Line was completed in 1928 with the opening of the segment connecting Broadway Junction with Montrose Avenue.[10]

By 1936, the IND Fulton Street Line had been extended to Rockaway Avenue. Until that time, it was an all-BMT transfer point. Further eastward extension of the line was delayed by World War II; the Broadway – East New York station opened in 1946.[10] The Fulton Street El was now redundant, and closed entirely on April 26, 1956.

For a long time, the complex went by three different names: Eastern Parkway (BMT Jamaica Line), Broadway Junction (BMT Canarsie Line), and Broadway – East New York (IND Fulton Street Line). Conformity came in the early 2000s.[10]

Station layout[edit]

3F Crossover Transfer between platforms
2F
Platform level
Northbound NYCS L toward Eighth Avenue (Bushwick Avenue – Aberdeen Street)
Island platform, doors will open on the left toward Eighth Avenue only
Separation at south end
Island platform, not in service
Southbound local NYCS L toward Canarsie – Rockaway Parkway (Atlantic Avenue)
Side platform, doors will open on the right
Mezzanine Transfer between levels
1F
Platform level
Southbound local NYCS J toward Broad Street weekdays, Chambers Street weekends (Halsey Street AM rush hours, Chauncey Street other times)
NYCS Z toward Broad Street AM rush (Chauncey Street)
Island platform, doors will open on the left
Peak-direction express No regular service
(No service:Myrtle Avenue (southbound) or Alabama Avenue (northbound))
Island platform, doors will open on the left
Northbound local NYCS J toward Jamaica Center – Parsons/Archer (Alabama Avenue)
NYCS Z toward Jamaica Center – Parsons/Archer PM rush (Van Siclen Avenue)
G Street Level Exits/Entrances
B
Platform level
Northbound local NYCS C toward 168th Street (NYCS A toward 207th Street late nights) (Rockaway Avenue)
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right
Northbound express NYCS A toward Inwood – 207th Street (Utica Avenue)
Southbound express NYCS A toward Far Rockaway – Mott Avenue, Lefferts Boulevard, or
Rockaway Park – Beach 116th Street (Euclid Avenue)
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right
Southbound local NYCS C toward Euclid Avenue (NYCS A toward Far Rockaway late nights) (Liberty Avenue)

BMT Canarsie Line platforms[edit]

Broadway Junction
NYCS L
New York City Subway rapid transit station
Bway junction L.jpeg
Southbound side platform for the NYCS L train;
with northbound island platform
Station statistics
Division B (BMT)
Line       BMT Canarsie Line
Services       L all times (all times)
Structure Elevated
Platforms 1 island platform
1 side platform (southbound only)
Tracks 2
Other information
Opened December 14, 1928; 86 years ago (1928-12-14)
Station succession
Next north Bushwick Avenue – Aberdeen Street: L all times
Next south Atlantic Avenue: L all times

Broadway Junction on the BMT Canarsie Line has two tracks, one island platform, and one side platform. Manhattan-bound trains use the island platform for northbound service while Canarsie-bound trains use the side platform for southbound service. However, the latter can use the island platform if necessary.

This station is one of the highest elevated platforms in the city, sitting above the already-elevated BMT Jamaica Line. As high as this station platform is, it plunges abruptly into a tunnel at the north end. This end of the station slopes sharply downward, and the platform end is about 200 yards (180 m) away from the tunnel's portal. A new diamond crossover has been installed here. A fine view of the East New York Yard can be seen from the northbound platform. The south end of the northbound platform divides into two "legs." Two normally-unused tracks connect the Canarsie and Jamaica lines. Now and then, a train being rerouted will use these tracks. The southbound track can be seen emerging beneath the two "legs" of the northbound platform; the northbound "flyover" with its severe curve can be seen just east of the station, beginning near the signal tower. Since 1999, this station has been undergoing a series of renovations, including new canopies, a new crossover (known as 'The Barn' because of its rustic red siding and white trim), and the removal of a hazardous crossunder. The old-style platform lights were removed and replaced with "loop" fixtures, widely seen elsewhere in the system.

The 2001 artwork is called Brooklyn, New Morning by Al Loving.


BMT Jamaica Line platforms[edit]

Broadway Junction
NYCS J NYCS Z
New York City Subway rapid transit station
Bway Junct J platform.JPG
Southbound NYCS Z train departing
Station statistics
Division B (BMT)
Line BMT Jamaica Line
Services       J all times (all times)
      Z rush hours, peak direction (rush hours, peak direction)
Structure Elevated
Platforms 2 island platforms
cross-platform interchange
Tracks 3
Other information
Opened June 14, 1885; 129 years ago (1885-06-14)[5]
Former/other names Broadway – Eastern Parkway (1885 - 2003)
Station succession
Preceding station   MTA NYC logo.svg New York City Subway   Following station
toward Broad Street
BMT Jamaica Line
(express & skip-stop)
J rush hours, peak direction
(Skip-stop service)
Terminus
BMT Jamaica Line
(local)
J all times except weekdays 7:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m., peak direction
BMT Jamaica Line
(express & skip-stop)
Z rush hours, peak direction)
(Skip-stop service)
Terminus
(via Canarsie)
no regular service
(express)
no regular service

Broadway Junction is an express station on the BMT Jamaica Line that has three tracks and two island platforms. The middle express track is not used in regular revenue service. At each end of the station are also track connections to the East New York Yard. Trains that run to/from that yard can terminate or begin at this station.

The station was originally called Broadway – Eastern Parkway, named for its original exit on the extreme west end of the platforms. This entrance is now closed. The ironwork for the old Fulton El trackways which can be seen under this portion of the complex from the platforms. The mezzanine is above the platforms and connects to the Canarsie Line and to the exit at street level via two long escalators. At street level, there is a transfer to the underground IND Fulton Street Line and the fare control area. The upper mezzanine extends most of the length of the platforms and is made of concrete. Windows were once present, but are now cemented over.


IND Fulton Street Line platforms[edit]

Broadway Junction
NYCS A NYCS C
New York City Subway rapid transit station
Bwy Junction wb A train jeh.JPG
Northbound NYCS A train arriving on the local track
Station statistics
Division B (IND)
Line IND Fulton Street Line
Services       A all times (all times)
      C all except late nights (all except late nights)
Structure Underground
Platforms 2 island platforms
cross-platform interchange
Tracks 4
Other information
Opened December 30, 1946; 67 years ago (1946-12-30)
Former/other names Broadway – East New York (1946-2003)
Station succession
Next north Rockaway Avenue (local): A late nights C all except late nights
Utica Avenue (express): A all except late nights
Next south Liberty Avenue (local): A late nights C all except late nights
Euclid Avenue (express): A all except late nights

Broadway Junction on the IND Fulton Street Line, formerly called Broadway – East New York, is a standard express station with four tracks and two island platforms. The fare control is at the east (railroad south) end of the station; this entrance also provides the transfer to the BMT trains via newly replaced escalators from street to elevated level. There is also a police precinct located in the mezzanine.

This station remained an unfinished shell during World War II due to material shortages. Its tile band is unique in that it incorporates two types of tile – gloss and matte – in contrasting shades of cobalt blue (gloss border) and blueberry (matte center). When the station was renamed in 2003, the "EAST NY" tiles on the wall were removed and replaced by tiles reading "JUNCTION", in the matching IND copperplate font.

There is an active tower just past the head end of the Queens-bound platform.

East of the station are bellmouths. These bellmouths were built for a proposed extension along the BMT Jamaica Line, or for proposed Jamaica Avenue Subway.[12] It was not a provision for the IND Second System as were similar structures on other IND lines. One of these bellmouths has an emergency exit. There is nothing on the model board in the Broadway/East New York tower to show this provision.

Van Sinderen Avenue fare control



References[edit]

  1. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership". New York City Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved 2014-03-26. 
  2. ^ "Building a Terminus". Brooklyn Daily Eagle (Brooklyn, NY). September 18, 1885. p. 1. 
  3. ^ "The Brooklyn Elevated". Brooklyn Daily Eagle (Brooklyn, NY). January 3, 1886. p. 1. 
  4. ^ "Going Ahead". Brooklyn Daily Eagle (Brooklyn, NY). April 3, 1880. p. 4. 
  5. ^ a b "East New York". Brooklyn Daily Eagle (Brooklyn, NY). June 13, 1885. p. 6. 
  6. ^ "The Fulton Street Elevated". Brooklyn Daily Eagle (Brooklyn, NY). June 28, 1889. p. 6. 
  7. ^ "To Join Elevated Roads". Brooklyn Daily Eagle (Brooklyn, NY). September 8, 1899. p. 3. 
  8. ^ "Loop in Operation". Brooklyn Daily Eagle (Brooklyn, NY). August 9, 1900. p. 3. 
  9. ^ "Twenty-Sixth Warders Complain of New L Loop". Brooklyn Daily Eagle (Brooklyn, NY). August 10, 1900. p. 3. 
  10. ^ a b c d Williams, Keith. "Weaving the Broadway Junction tapestry". The Weekly Nabe. Retrieved 6 August 2012. 
  11. ^ Brian J. Cudahy, Under the Sidewalks of New York: The Story of the Greatest Subway System in the World, page 60
  12. ^ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9FiS6X83UvM The bellmouth can be seen towards the right, at the 5:40 mark in the video, just before the train enters the Broadway Junction station.

External links[edit]