The Brochtorff Circle at Xagħra, one of possibly two stone circles at Xagħra, but also more simply known without distinction, as the Xagħra Stone Circle, is an underground Neolithic burial complex, situated in Xagħra on the Maltese island of Gozo. It was first discovered by John Otto Bayer in the 1820s and rediscovered in 1964 after Gozitan researcher Joe Attard Tabone examined a painting by Charles Brochtorff in the National Library in Valletta.
It was excavated by a joint team from the University of Malta, the Maltese Museums Department and the University of Cambridge. The excavation uncovered the burial ground of the same community which practised its rituals in the nearby Ggantija temple, dating principally to the period from 3000 to 2400 BC. The most notable discoveries include more than 200,000 fragments of human bone, animal bone, megalithic structures and prehistoric art relating to the builders of the prehistoric Maltese temples.
An earlier chambered tomb, and other damaged tombs, on the site date to the period between 4100 and 3800 BC. There is very little activity between 3800 and 3000 BC, and none prior to 4100 BC.
Later occupation of the site in the later third millennium appears to be domestic. The site also has an extensive array of regular vine trenches from the later nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
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