Broken Bow, Oklahoma

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Broken Bow, Oklahoma
City
Broken Bow Municipal Building
Broken Bow Municipal Building
Location of Broken Bow, Oklahoma
Location of Broken Bow, Oklahoma
Coordinates: 34°1′47″N 94°44′16″W / 34.02972°N 94.73778°W / 34.02972; -94.73778Coordinates: 34°1′47″N 94°44′16″W / 34.02972°N 94.73778°W / 34.02972; -94.73778
Country United States
State Oklahoma
County McCurtain
Government
 • Type Council-manager
 • Mayor Jerry Don Smith
Area
 • Total 5.0 sq mi (13.1 km2)
 • Land 5.0 sq mi (13.0 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 469 ft (143 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 4,120
 • Density 824.0/sq mi (317.0/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 74728
Area code(s) 580 Exchange: 584
FIPS code 40-09100[1]
GNIS feature ID 1090514[2]
Website Broken Bow Chamber of Commerce
A portion of downtown Broken Bow

Broken Bow is a town in McCurtain County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 4,120 at the 2010 census. It is named after Broken Bow, Nebraska, the former hometown of the city's founders, the Dierks brothers.[3]

History[edit]

The land that would become Broken Bow was owned by the Choctaw tribe prior to being settled by non-Indians. Growing around a lumber company started by two brothers, Broken Bow had a population of 1,983, just a decade after its incorporation in 1911.[3] The city lies within the Little Dixie region of Oklahoma, an area originally settled largely by Southerners seeking a new start following the American Civil War.[4]

The city was the location of the wounding and capture of murderer Richard Wayne Snell in 1984, following his shootout with local police.[5] Snell had shot and killed two men in Arkansas, a pawn shop owner and Arkansas State Trooper Louis P. Bryant.[6]

Geography[edit]

Broken Bow is located at 34°1′47″N 94°44′16″W / 34.02972°N 94.73778°W / 34.02972; -94.73778 (34.029784, −94.737656)[7].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.0 square miles (13 km2).5.0 square miles (13.0 km²) of it is land, and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) of it (0.40%) is water.

The city of Broken Bow stands in a unique transition zone between the Red River basin and the Ouachita Mountains. While the Ouachita Mountains are sandstone ridges that are considered the roughest land in Oklahoma, the Red River basin is considered fertile.[8] North of Broken Bow is Broken Bow Lake, created by the United States Army Corps of Engineers by damming the Mountain Fork River.[3] The lake's creation forced out the Hochatown to relocate to its present-day location.

The Broken Bow Lake covers 14,220 acres (57.5 km2) and has 180 miles (290 km) of shoreline.[9] The lake contains small islands, bass and is surrounded by pine trees.[9]

The city sits at the foothills of the Kiamichi Mountains, a subrange of the Ouachita Mountains.[10] the Kiamichi Mountains sit within Le Flore, Pushmataha, and McCurtain counties near the towns of Poteau and Albion.[11] The Kiamichi peaks line up south of the Kiamichi River and reach 2,500 feet (760 m) in elevation.[12] The range is the namesake of Kiamichi Country, the official tourism designation for southeastern Oklahoma.

Black bear, coyote, bobcat, deer, minks, bats, bald eagles, and varieties of woodpeckers, doves, owls, and road runners are native to the Kiamichi Mountains region.[13]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Broken Bow, Oklahoma
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 51.7
(10.9)
56.4
(13.6)
65.4
(18.6)
74.6
(23.7)
81.0
(27.2)
88.4
(31.3)
93.1
(33.9)
93.4
(34.1)
86.0
(30)
76.4
(24.7)
64.8
(18.2)
54.9
(12.7)
73.8
(23.2)
Average low °F (°C) 26.9
(−2.8)
31.0
(−0.6)
39.0
(3.9)
48.4
(9.1)
56.9
(13.8)
64.4
(18)
68.0
(20)
67.0
(19.4)
61.3
(16.3)
48.8
(9.3)
39.7
(4.3)
30.6
(−0.8)
48.5
(9.2)
Precipitation inches (mm) 2.9
(74)
3.5
(89)
5.3
(135)
4.7
(119)
6.6
(168)
4.3
(109)
3.9
(99)
3.1
(79)
4.7
(119)
4.3
(109)
4.5
(114)
4.1
(104)
51.9
(1,318)
Source: Weatherbase.com [14]



Economy[edit]

In recent years, Broken Bow has seen a tremendous economic boom through the development of its timber and tourism industries. The town is also home to a chicken-processing plant owned by Tyson Industries.[3][3]

Tourism[edit]

In addition to being home of Broken Bow Lake, the city is a gateway for tourists visiting Beavers Bend Resort Park, Hochatown State Park, and Cedar Creek Golf Course at Beavers Bend. Hunters also visit the region, which bills itself as the "deer capital of the world."[15]

Broken Bow is home to two museums containing Native American artifacts. The Gardner Mansion and Museum was the historic home of the "Chief of the Choctaws" and was built in 1884.[16] The Indian Memorial Museum houses pre-historic Indian pottery, fossils, Quartz crystal and antique glass.[17]

Timber[edit]

The forest industry is by far the area's largest business concern. Each year some 60 million cubic feet (1,700,000 m3) of lumber are harvested in McCurtain County, and great care is taken to ensure the prolonged health of local pine and hardwood forests. The Oklahoma State Department of Agriculture Forestry Division and United States Forest Service have a large presence in the area and are constantly surveying the area forests in order to prevent Wildfires.

Weyerhaeuser Company operates a large plant in nearby and Wright City, and International Paper also operates a large mill in Valliant. Additionally, Weyerhaeuser maintains several pine tree plantations throughout McCurtain County. Pan Pacific operates a fiberboard plant on the west side of Broken Bow. Huber Engineered Woods is the latest big player to enter the area, with a very large oriented strand board (OSB) plant, also on the west side of Broken Bow. Huber plans to employ about 160 people at the site and expects to create another 250 jobs within the local community.

Athletics[edit]

While Broken Bow's athletic history is limited primarily to high school football, it is recognized as one of the top high school programs in the state of Oklahoma. The Broken Bow Savages currently hold four state football championships, ranking third in class AAAA in the state, behind the Clinton Red Tornadoes (14) and the Ada Cougars (19). In addition to their four state championships, the Savages have numerous state title game appearances, the most recent of which came in 2004 when the Savages lost to Clinton. The team's last real push for the OSSAA State Championship game was when the 2008 Savage football team lost to the Glenpool Warriors in a nail-biter 12-7 in the state semi-finals. Which ended their season with a record of 12-1. Broken Bow High School integrated in 1964. LeVell Hill and Larry Taylor were the first Black athletes to play for Broken Bow High School. They promptly led Broken Bow to its first appearance in a football state championship game. Broken Bow lost to the Clinton Red Tornadors in 1965. LeVell Hill and Larry Taylor led Broken Bow to Its first State Track Championship in 1966. Larry Taylor entered the United States Marine Corp after graduation. He was killed in Viet Nam in 1968. LeVell Hill accepted a football scholarship to Langston University. He briefly played Professional Football.

The Savages own a distinct lead in their all-time series with their rival, the Idabel Warriors. The Little River Rumble (named for the river that flows between Broken Bow and Idabel) is played every year between these two schools and is one of the oldest rivalries in the state, dating back nearly an entire century. For some time, it was believed the Little River Rumble was the oldest continuous-running rivalry game in the state of Oklahoma, until it was discovered the two schools did not play each other one season during World War II. The rivalry is hotly contested, and it's not an uncommon sight to see students from either town besieging the other, flying the flag of their school (black and gold for the Savages, red and black for the Warriors). A gold traveling trophy, as well as bragging rights, is at stake every year when the two McCurtain County schools tangle. Currently, the Savages own a 13-game winning streak (through the 2012 season) against the Warriors.

Historic Broken Bow Memorial Stadium has served as the home of the Savages since it was constructed in the 1930s by the Works Progress Administration. Built primarily of concrete and native rock, Memorial Stadium is one of the oldest and largest high school football stadiums in the state of Oklahoma.

Band[edit]

For the past ten years, Broken Bow High School Band has received Superior Rating at the McAlester Regional Marching Contest and have placed in class 4A in every marching competition that they competed in this past season. The Band was originally known as the "Savage Pride" before it was changed in 2006 to the "Black and Gold Regiment."

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[1] of 2010, there were 4,120 people, 1,599 households, and 1,036 families residing in the city. The population density was 824 people per square mile (317/km²). There were 1,793 housing units at an average density of 359.6 per square mile (137.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 61.80% White, 8.30% African American, 18.50% Native American, 0.60% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 3.90% from other races, and 6.80% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.32% of the population.

There were 1,599 households, out of which 31.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.8% were married couples living together, 23.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.2% were non-families. 32.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51, and the average family size was 3.17.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 29.9% under the age of 18, 51.2% from 19-65, and 15.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.3 years. Males made up 46.2% of the population, while Females made up 53.8%.

The median income for a household in the city was $19,350, and the median income for a family was $22,500. Males had a median income of $32,2608 versus $20,895 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,381. About 36.6% of families and 46.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 46.9% of those under age 18 and 31.8% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

Popular media[edit]

In "Broken Bow", the 2001 pilot episode of the television series Star Trek: Enterprise, Broken Bow was the site of Human-Klingon first contact in 2151. A messenger named Klaang was shot down by the Suliban over a corn field. Shortly after dispatching his enemies, Klaang was shot by a farmer named Moore. Although severely injured, Klaang survived. It is worth noting that the area depicted in this episode is flat farmland, whereas the area around Broken Bow in the present day is hilly and forested. Because of this anomalous depiction, it was speculated that the locale in the Star Trek episode may have referred to Broken Bow, Oklahoma's namesake Broken Bow, Nebraska. However, in two episodes there is direct reference to Oklahoma. First, in "Broken Bow" itself, Captain Archer asks where Klaang came from, and an admiral replies "Oklahoma". Second, dialog in the Enterprise episode "Detained", Captain Archer is asked what he might know about a place called Broken Bow in Oklahoma - seeming to settle which Broken Bow was referred to in the pilot episode.

Broken Bow and the surrounding area also served as the location for the episode "19:19" of the television series Millennium, in which Frank Black led a search for a group of children who had been abducted on their way to school. The abductor, a crazed visionary who believed he was the one destined to carry out the Book of Revelation's instructions, entombed the children in an abandoned quarry. This ultimately saved them from a deadly tornado that destroyed the schoolhouse where they otherwise would have been.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b c d e LaGasse, G. Paulette. Broken Bow, Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture (accessed February 9, 2010).
  4. ^ Little Dixie at Wikipedia.org.
  5. ^ Richard Wayne Snell at Wikipedia.org
  6. ^ Trooper Louis P. Bryant. The Officer Down Memorial, Inc.. (accessed April 6, 2010).
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ Oklahoma Geography, NetState.com (accessed February 9, 2010).
  9. ^ a b "Broken Bow Lake, Oklahoma", LASR.net (accessed March 3, 2010).
  10. ^ "Ouachita Mountains". Oklahoma Department of Tourism. Retrieved 2008-06-20. 
  11. ^ "Kiamichi Mountains". placenames.com. Retrieved 2008-06-20. 
  12. ^ "Kiamichi Mountains". Oklahoma State University. Retrieved 2008-06-20. 
  13. ^ "A Look at Oklahoma: A Student's Guide" (pdf). State of Oklahoma. 2005. Retrieved 2007-08-14. 
  14. ^ "Historical Weather for Broken Bow, Oklahoma, United States". 
  15. ^ Kiamichi Country (accessed April 6, 2010)
  16. ^ Gardner Mansion & Museum at Travelok.com (accessed April 6, 2010)
  17. ^ Indian Memorial Museum at Travelok.com (accessed April 6, 2010)
  18. ^ "Harry Brecheen Stats". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved December 10, 2012. 

External links[edit]