Bromberg (region)

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Province of Posen 1887-1919
  Regierungsbezirk Bromberg

Bromberg was the northern of two Prussian administrative regions, or Regierungsbezirke (Polish: Rejencja), of the Grand Duchy of Posen (1815–49) and its successor, the Province of Posen (1849–1918). The administrative center was the city of Bromberg (Bydgoszcz).

The region was bordered on the south by the Regierunsbezirk Posen, to the west by the Province of Brandenburg, to the north and northeast by West Prussia, and to the east by Congress Poland (within the Russian Empire).

The Bromberg region had a larger percentage of mostly Protestant Germans than average for the Province of Posen. However, the majority of population were Roman Catholic Poles. Initially, there was a sizeable Jewish minority, but that number diminished over time due to the Ostflucht.

Divisions[edit]

Note: Prussian provinces were subdivided into units called Kreise (singular Kreis, abbreviated Kr., English "circle"), which were similar to small counties in US terms, "rural districts" in British terms. The larger cities would have their own Stadtkreis (English: "urban district") and the surrounding rural area would be named for the city, but referred to as a Landkreis (English: "rural district"). In the case of Posen, the Landkreis was split into two: Landkreis Posen West, and Landkreis Posen East. The region was originally divided into several larger Kreise, which were later divided into the final 13 Kreise, the larger ones spinning off smaller units.

Kreis ("District") Polish spelling 1905 Pop Polish German Jewish Origin
City of Bromberg Bydgoszcz 16%
Bromberg Bydgoszcz 38%
Czarnikau Czarnków 27%
Filehne Wieleń 28%
Gnesen Gniezno 67%
Hohensalza Inowrocław 7%
Kolmar Chodzież 18%
Mogilno Mogilno 76%
Schubin Szubin 56%
Strelno Strzelno 82%
Wirsitz Wyrzysk 47%
Witkowo Witkowo 83%
Wongrowitz Wągrowiec 77%
Znin Żnin 77%

Coordinates: 52°50′N 17°30′E / 52.83°N 17.5°E / 52.83; 17.5