Brome—Missisquoi

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This article is about the federal electoral district. For the provincial electoral district, see Brome-Missisquoi (provincial electoral district).
Brome—Missisquoi
Flag of Quebec.svg Quebec electoral district
Brome-msq.PNG
Federal electoral district
Legislature House of Commons
MP
 
 
 
Pierre Jacob
New Democratic
District created 1924
First contested 1925
Last contested 2011
District webpage profile, map
Demographics
Population (2011)[1] 98,632
Electors (2011) 79,949
Area (km²)[2] 2,788.24
Pop. density (per km²) 35.4
Census divisions Brome-Missisquoi RCM, Memphrémagog RCM
Census subdivisions Bedford, Brigham, Bromont, Cowansville, Dunham, Farnham, Lac-Brome, Magog

Brome—Missisquoi (formerly known as Missisquoi) is a federal electoral district in Quebec, Canada, that has been represented in the House of Commons of Canada since 1925. The original electoral district of Missiquoi existed from 1867 to 1925.

Geography[edit]

This riding, in the south of the province, extends along the American border between Montreal and Sherbrooke, straddling the Quebec regions of Montérégie and Estrie. Its main towns are Cowansville, Magog, and Brome Lake.

The district includes the Regional County Municipality of Brome-Missisquoi, the municipalities of Saint-Sébastien, Henryville, Noyan, Saint-Georges-de-Clarenceville, Venise-en-Québec, Bromont, and the Regional County Municipality of Memphrémagog except Stanstead, Ayer's Cliff, North Hatley, Ogden, Sainte-Catherine-de-Hatley, Hatley and Stanstead Canton.

Its population in 2006 was 92,591 and the area is 3,045 km2.

The neighbouring ridings are Saint-Jean, Shefford, Richmond—Arthabaska, and Compton—Stanstead.

History[edit]

It was created in 1924 from parts of Brome, Iberville, Missisquoi and Saint-Jean ridings.

The electoral district was abolished in 1966 when it was redistributed between Missisquoi and Saint-Jean ridings. In 1970, Missisquoi was renamed "Brome—Missisquoi".

In 1976, "Brome—Missisquoi" was abolished and became part of a new "Missisquoi riding", which was renamed "Brome—Missisquoi" in 1983.

Members of Parliament[edit]

This riding has elected the following Members of Parliament:

Parliament Years Member Party
Brome, Iberville, Missisquoi and Saint-Jean prior to 1924
Brome—Missisquoi
15th 1925–1926     William Frederic Kay Liberal
16th 1926–1930
17th 1930–1935     Follin Horace Pickel Conservative
18th 1935–1940     Louis Gosselin Liberal
19th 1940–1945     Maurice Hallé Liberal
20th 1945–1949
21st 1949–1952     Henri Gosselin Liberal
1952–1953     Joseph-Léon Deslières Liberal
22nd 1953–1957
23rd 1957–1958
24th 1958–1962     Heward Grafftey Progressive Conservative
25th 1962–1963
26th 1963–1965
27th 1965–1968
Missisquoi
28th 1968–1972     Yves Forest Liberal
Brome—Missisquoi
29th 1972–1974     Heward Grafftey Progressive Conservative
30th 1974–1979
Missisquoi
31st 1979–1980     Heward Grafftey Progressive Conservative
32nd 1980–1984     André Bachand Liberal
Brome—Missisquoi
33rd 1984–1988     Gabrielle Bertrand Progressive Conservative
34th 1988–1993
35th 1993–1994     Gaston Péloquin Bloc Québécois
1995–1997     Denis Paradis Liberal
36th 1997–2000
37th 2000–2004
38th 2004–2006
39th 2006–2008     Christian Ouellet Bloc Québécois
40th 2008–2011
41st 2011–present     Pierre Jacob New Democratic

Election results[edit]

Brome—Missisquoi, 1984 - present[edit]

Canadian federal election, 2011
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
New Democratic Pierre Jacob 22,407 42.64 +33.59
Liberal Denis Paradis 11,589 22.06 -10.73
Bloc Québécois Christelle Bogosta 11,173 21.26 -13.95
Conservative Nolan LeBlanc-Bauerle 6,256 11.91 -6.75
Green Benoit Lambert 1,120 2.13 -1.45
Total valid votes/Expense limit 52,545 100.00
Total rejected ballots 588 1.05
Turnout 53,133 66.30
Eligible voters 80,137
Canadian federal election, 2008
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
Bloc Québécois Christian Ouellet 17,561 35.21 -3.13 $77,380
Liberal Denis Paradis 16,357 32.79 +4.82 $65,529
Conservative Mark Quinlan 9,309 18.66 -1.69 $78,614
New Democratic Christelle Bogosta 4,514 9.05 +5.85 $4,678
Green Pierre Brassard 1,784 3.58 +0.02
Independent David Marler 354 0.71 $16,915
Total valid votes/Expense limit 49,879 100.00 $83,303
     Bloc Québécois hold Swing -4.0
Canadian federal election, 2006
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
Bloc Québécois Christian Ouellet 18,596 38.33 -1.33 $66,756
Liberal Denis Paradis 13,569 27.97 -14.12 $58,065
Conservative David Marler 9,874 20.35 +9.30 $70,771
New Democratic Josianne Jetté 2,839 5.85 +3.19 $1,497
Progressive Canadian Heward Grafftey 1,921 3.96 $69,065
Green Michel Champagne 1,721 3.55 -1.00 $2,460
Total valid votes/Expense limit 48,520 100.00 $76,646
Canadian federal election, 2004
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
Liberal Denis Paradis 18,609 42.08 -8.18 $56,786
Bloc Québécois Christian Ouellet 17,537 39.66 +8.49 $29,221
Conservative Peter Stastny 4,888 11.05 -6.40 $20,193
Green Louise Martineau 2,011 4.55
New Democratic Piper Huggins 1,177 2.66 +1.54 $5
Total valid votes/Expense limit 44,222 100.00 $74,138

Note: Conservative vote is compared to the total of the Canadian Alliance vote and Progressive Conservative vote in 2000 election.

Canadian federal election, 2000
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Denis Paradis 21,545 50.26 +7.89
Bloc Québécois André Leroux 13,363 31.17 +3.34
Progressive Conservative Heward Grafftey 5,502 12.84 -15.25
Alliance Jacques Loyer 1,977 4.61
New Democratic Jeff Itcush 480 1.12 -0.60
Total valid votes 42,867 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1997
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Denis Paradis 19,261 42.37 -8.66
Progressive Conservative Claude Boulard 12,770 28.09 +24.79
Bloc Québécois Noël Lacasse 12,652 27.83 -14.33
New Democratic Nicole Guillemet 781 1.72 +0.73
Total valid votes 45,464 100.00
Canadian federal by-election, 13 February 1995
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Péloquin's death, 1 September 1994
Liberal Denis Paradis 19,078 51.02 +14.18
Bloc Québécois Jean-François Bertrand 15,764 42.16 +1.58
Progressive Conservative Guy Lever 1,235 3.30 -13.87
Reform Line Maheux 517 1.38
New Democratic Paul Vachon 371 0.99 -0.26
Christian Heritage Jean Blaquière 126 0.34
Independent Yvon V. Boulanger 107 0.29
Green Eric Ferland 101 0.27
Natural Law Michel Champagne 77 0.21 -1.08
Abolitionist John H. Long 15 0.04 -1.62
Total valid votes 37,391 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1993
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Bloc Québécois Gaston Péloquin 17,894 40.58
Liberal Joan Kouri 16,243 36.84 +3.95
Progressive Conservative Francine Vincelette 7,571 17.17 -36.80
Abolitionist Jean Guy Peloquin 733 1.66
Natural Law Yves Décarie 566 1.28
New Democratic Sean Hutchinson 550 1.25 -11.90
Independent Gary Wightman 381 0.86
National Edmond Séguin 154 0.35
Total valid votes 44,092 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1988
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Progressive Conservative Gabrielle Bertrand 22,540 53.97 +0.91
Liberal André Bachand 13,733 32.88 -5.53
New Democratic Paul Vachon 5,489 13.14 +7.58
Total valid votes 41,762 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1984
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Progressive Conservative Gabrielle Bertrand 21,678 53.07 +12.20
Liberal André Bachand 15,693 38.42 -14.67
New Democratic Gordon J. Hamilton 2,271 5.56 +1.56
Parti nationaliste Yvon Bélair 997 2.44
Libertarian David Chamberlain 116 0.28
Commonwealth of Canada Michel Boissonnault 96 0.24
Total valid votes 40,851 100.00

Missisquoi, 1979 - 1984[edit]

Canadian federal election, 1980
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal André Bachand 20,022 53.08 +9.83
Progressive Conservative Heward Grafftey 15,413 40.86 -7.18
New Democratic Gertrude Lefebvre-Brown 1,508 4.00 +1.38
Rhinoceros Pierre Screwdriver Gingras 687 1.82
Marxist–Leninist Myriam Portatia 89 0.24
Total valid votes 37,719 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1979
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Progressive Conservative Heward Grafftey 18,198 48.04 -3.57
Liberal Gisèle V. Noël 16,383 43.25 +7.49
Social Credit Rolland Cordeau 2,097 5.54 -3.99
New Democratic Gertrude Lefebvre-Brown 991 2.62 -0.49
Union populaire Marcel Forand 212 0.56
Total valid votes 37,881 100.00

Brome—Missisquoi, 1972 - 1979[edit]

Canadian federal election, 1974
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Progressive Conservative Heward Grafftey 19,490 51.61 +10.13
Liberal C. Peter Turner 13,506 35.76 +3.40
Social Credit J.-Marc Duchesneau 3,597 9.52 -14.52
New Democratic Brian Peters 1,172 3.10 +0.99
Total valid votes 37,765 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1972
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Progressive Conservative Heward Grafftey 15,593 41.48 +3.25
Liberal Yves Forest 12,165 32.36 -9.79
Social Credit Jean-Paul Lasnier 9,038 24.04 -14.19
New Democratic Jean-Guy Lewis 795 2.11 -14.88
Total valid votes 37,591 100.00

Note: Social Credit vote is compared to Ralliement créditiste vote in the 1968 election.

Missisquoi, 1968 - 1972[edit]

Canadian federal election, 1968
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Yves Forest 12,905 42.15 +3.28
Progressive Conservative Heward W. Grafftey 11,705 38.23 -11.76
Ralliement créditiste Roméo Custeau 5,205 17.00 +11.23
New Democratic Willie Fortin 803 2.62 -2.75
Total valid votes 30,618 100.00

Brome—Missisquoi, 1925 - 1968[edit]

Canadian federal election, 1965
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Progressive Conservative Heward Grafftey 9,662 49.99 +5.34
Liberal Jean-Louis Cardin 7,512 38.86 +1.15
Ralliement créditiste Hervé Lapointe 1,116 5.77 -7.33
New Democratic James Walker Dawson 1,039 5.38 +0.83
Total valid votes 19,329 100.00

Note: Ralliement créditiste vote is compared to Social Credit vote in the 1963 election.

Canadian federal election, 1963
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Progressive Conservative Heward Grafftey 8,411 44.64 +2.81
Liberal Léo Duquette 7,105 37.71 -1.81
Social Credit Normand Ruel 2,468 13.10 -5.54
New Democratic Giles Bisson 856 4.54
Total valid votes 18,840 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1962
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Progressive Conservative Heward Grafftey 8,074 41.83 -19.73
Liberal Marc Hudon 7,629 39.53 +1.09
Social Credit Normand Ruel 3,598 18.64
Total valid votes 19,301 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1958
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Progressive Conservative Heward Grafftey 11,361 61.56 +13.38
Liberal Maurice Halle 7,093 38.44 -13.38
Total valid votes 18,454 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1957
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Joseph-Léon Deslières 9,255 51.82 -11.51
Progressive Conservative William Heward Grafftey 8,605 48.18 +19.42
Total valid votes 17,860 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1953
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Joseph-Léon Deslières 9,362 63.33 +7.55
Progressive Conservative Vincent de Lourdes Leonard 4,252 28.76 -11.20
Co-operative Commonwealth Philip Borgan 1,168 7.90 +3.65
Total valid votes 14,782 100.00
By-election on 26 May 1952

On Mr. Gosselin's death, 27 January 1952

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Joseph-Léon Deslières 8,394 55.79 -0.19
Progressive Conservative Henri Demers 6,013 39.96 +0.25
Co-operative Commonwealth Philip Borgan 640 4.25
Total valid votes 15,047 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1949
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Henri A. Gosselin 8,831 55.97 +5.04
Progressive Conservative Vincent de Lourdes Leonard 6,266 39.71 +12.70
Union des électeurs Georges-Aimé Chevalier 402 2.55
Co-operative Commonwealth Georges-M. St Amour 279 1.77 +0.17
Total valid votes 15,778 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1945
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Maurice Halle 7,860 50.93 -24.89
Progressive Conservative Floyd E. Johnson 4,169 27.02 +2.84
Bloc populaire Maurice Archambault 3,087 20.00
Co-operative Commonwealth William Henry Freder Jones 246 1.59
Unknown Edward Vivian de Lér Orr 70 0.45
Total valid votes 15,432 100.00

Note: Progressive Conservative vote is compared to "National Government" vote in 1940 election.

Canadian federal election, 1940
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Maurice Halle 8,302 75.82 +22.55
National Government Daniel James Murphy 2,647 24.18 -22.55
Total valid votes 10,949 100.00

Note: "National Government" vote is compared to Conservative vote in 1935 election.

Canadian federal election, 1935
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Louis Gosselin 8,007 53.27 +8.34
Conservative Follin Horace Pickel 7,024 46.73 -8.34
Total valid votes 15,031 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1930
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Conservative Follin Horace Pickel 8,070 55.07 +9.34
Liberal William Frederic Kay 6,584 44.93 -9.34
Total valid votes 14,654 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1926
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal William Frederic Kay 7,126 54.27 -2.43
Conservative Follin Horace Pickel 6,005 45.73 +2.43
Total valid votes 13,131 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1925
Party Candidate Votes %
Liberal William Frederic Kay 6,804 56.70
Conservative Follin Horace Pickel 5,196 43.30
Total valid votes 12,000 100.00

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Riding history from the Library of Parliament:

Notes[edit]