|Jmol-3D images||Image 1
|Molar mass||128.91 g/mol|
| (what is: / ?)
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Bromic acid, also known as hydrogen bromate, is an oxoacid with the molecular formula HBrO3. It only exists in aqueous solution. It is a colorless solution that turns yellow at room temperature as it decomposes to bromine. Bromic acid and bromates are powerful oxidizing agents and are common ingredients in Belousov-Zhabotinsky reactions. Belousov-Zhabotinsky reactions are a classic example of non-equilibrium thermodynamics.
Low concentrations dissociate completely to hydrogen and bromate while high concentrations decompose to form bromine. Bromic acid's high instability can be explained because the electoposively charged hypervalent bromine is connected to the electropositive hydrogen.
|Br-O bridged (Å)||1.867||1.919||1.844||-----|
|Br-O terminal (Å)||-----||1.635||1.598||1.586|
The large energy barriers between these structures do not make isomerization possible. HOBrO2 is the most stable isomer and is the one pictured above.
Bromic acid is the product of a reaction of barium bromate and sulfuric acid.
2 + H
4 → HBrO
3 + BaSO
Barium sulfate is insoluble in water and forms a precipitate. The aqueous bromic acid can be decanted removing the barium sulfate.
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