Bronisław Pieracki

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Bronisław Wilhelm Pieracki
Pieracki portret.jpg
Bronisław Pieracki
Minister of Interior of the Republic of Poland
In office
23 June 1931 – 15 June 1934
Preceded by Felicjan Sławoj Składkowski
Succeeded by Leon Kozłowski
Personal details
Born (1895-05-28)May 28, 1895
Gorlice, Austria-Hungary
Died June 15, 1934(1934-06-15) (aged 39)
Warsaw, Poland
Resting place Cemetery in Nowy Sącz
Nationality Polish
Political party Nonpartisan Bloc for Cooperation with the Government
Occupation Politician, military officer
Religion Roman Catholicism
Military service
Service/branch Polish Army
Battles/wars Polish-Ukrainian War

Bronisław Wilhelm Pieracki (28 May 1895 in Gorlice - 15 June 1934 in Warsaw) was a Polish military officer and politician. As member of Polish Legions in World War I, Pieracki took part in the Polish-Ukrainian War (1918–1919) and he later supported the 1926 May Coup of Józef Piłsudski. Pieracki was a deputy to Polish Sejm from the Nonpartisan Bloc for Cooperation with the Government in 1928 and afterwards deputy of Chief of Staff.

He was a minister of internal affairs from 27 May 1931[1] to the time of his death in 1934 and posthumously awarded Poland's highest civilian and military decoration, the Order of the White Eagle.

On 15 June 1934, Pieracki was assassinated by a Ukrainian nationalist from the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists. His death gave the Sanacja government an excuse to the creation of the Bereza Kartuska Detention Camp, which was established only two days after Pieracki's assassination. The first detainees consisted of almost whole leadership of the Polish nationalist far-right National Radical Camp (ONR), arrested on 6–7 July 1934.[2]

Stepan Bandera and Mykola Lebed were also sentenced to death for the assassination. Their sentences were commuted to life imprisonment but Lebed escaped when the Germans invaded Poland in 1939.[3]

Honours and awards[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Robin L. Bidwell, "Bidwell's Guide to Government Ministers Vol.1, The major powers and western Europe, 1900-1971", Frank Cass & Co Ltd, 1973, ISBN 0-7146-2977-4, p. 191.
  2. ^ Rudnicki, Szymon (1977). "Rozbicie ruchu młodzieżowego "Obozu Narodowego"". Dzieje Najnowsze 9 (1): 23–46 (43). 
  3. ^ Breitman, Richard; Norman J.W. Goda (2010). Hitler's Shadow: Nazi War Criminals, US Intelligence, and the Cold War. National Archives. p. 73. Retrieved 2010-12-12. 

Further reading[edit]