||This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (March 2013)|
|Comune di Bronte|
|• Mayor||Giuseppe Firrarello (since May 17, 2005)|
|• Total||249 km2 (96 sq mi)|
|Elevation||760 m (2,490 ft)|
|Population (July 2009)|
|• Density||78/km2 (200/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Patron saint||St. Blaise|
|Saint day||February 3|
In 1799, King Ferdinand III created Bronte as a Duchy, and rewarded admiral Horatio Nelson with the title of Duke for the help he had provided him in bloodily repressing the revolution in Naples and so in recovering his throne. As well as being made a Duke, Nelson was given as a fief the Castello Maniace, which at the time was the remains of a Benedictine Monastery. The Castle passed into the Bridport family when the 1st Viscount Bridport married the then Duchess of Bronte, who was Admiral Nelson's niece. The Bridports continued to live in the castle until 1982 when the current Viscount sold the property to the province of Catania. A recent book has been written about the Duchy: Nelson's Duchy: A Sicilian Anomaly by Michael Pratt. Today it is a local tourist attraction in Maniace, yet has been run down since the family left.
In 1860, during Garibaldi's Expedition of the thousand, there was a riot. The peasants had hoped for – and did not get from Garibaldi – an immediate relief from the grievous conditions to which they were forced by the landowners. They revolted in several localities, and at Bronte, on August 4, 1860, Garibaldi's friend Nino Bixio bloodily repressed one of these revolts with two battalions of Redshirts.
- Castello Nelson, c. 13 kilometres (8 miles) outside the city centre, dating to 1174. It is an abbey turned into a museum, with a notable Gothic-Norman portico and a Byzantine icon which, according to the tradition, was painted by St. Luke himself.
- Church of the Annunziata, built in 1535
- Collegio Capizzi (1774–1779)
Bronte is mostly reliant on farming for its economy. A major part of its farming is pistachio nuts.
- Photographic Gallery (Italian)