Bronx (cocktail)

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Bronx
Bronx (cocktail).jpg
Type Cocktail
Primary alcohol by volume
Served Straight up; without ice
Standard garnish

orange twist

Standard drinkware
Cocktail Glass (Martini).svg
Cocktail glass
Commonly used ingredients
Preparation Pour into cocktail shaker all ingredients with ice cubes, shake well. Strain in chilled cocktail or martini glass.
Classified as a pre-dinner cocktail by the IBA.

The Bronx Cocktail is essentially a Perfect Martini with orange juice added. It was ranked number three in "The World's 10 Most Famous Cocktails in 1934",[1] making it a very popular rival to the Martini (#1) and the Manhattan (#2). Today, it remains a popular choice in some markets, and is designated as an Official Cocktail by the International Bartender Association. Like the Manhattan, the Bronx is one of five cocktails named for one of New York City's five boroughs, but is perhaps most closely related to the Queens,[2] which substitutes pineapple for the Bronx's orange.

History[edit]

As with several mixed drinks invented prior to prohibition in the United States, more than one story is attributed to the creation of this cocktail.

Joseph S. Sormani[edit]

Two sources credit Joseph S. Sormani as the person responsible for the drink.

Sormani was credited with creating the drink in his New York Times obituary:

Johnnie Solan[edit]

According to Albert Stevens Crockett, historian of the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel, the inventor of the Bronx cocktail was Johnnie Solan (or Solon).[5][6] Solon, a pre-Prohibition bartender at the Manhattan hotel, was "popular as one of the best mixers behind its bar counter for most of the latter's history."[7] This is Crockett's account of Solon's own story of the Creation of the Bronx:[7]

Solon would have created the cocktail sometime between 1899 (when he joined the establishment) and 1906 (when the word first appeared in print.)[8] However, a prior reference to a "Bronx Cocktail" on a New York hotel menu[9] indicates that either the name was already in use or Solon was not the original inventor.

Bill W.'s first remembered drink[edit]

Bill W., the founder of Alcoholics Anonymous, said that his first drink of alcohol that he could remember was the "Bronx cocktail", given to him by a "socialite" at a party right during WWI. This was the beginning of his addiction to alcohol.[10]

Other early citations[edit]

It appears in William "Cocktail" Boothby's 1908 book The World's Drinks And How To Mix Them[11] as "Bronx Cocktail, a la Billy Malloy, Pittsburgh, PA. One-third Plymouth gin, one-third French vermouth and one-third Italian vermouth, flavored with two dashes of Orange bitters, about a barspoonful of orange juice and a squeeze of orange peel. Serve very cold." Harry Craddock in The Savoy cocktail book mentions three recipes from the Bronx.[12]

Flavors[edit]

The Bronx is flavorful and mildly sweet "fruity" drink, without being uninteresting or sticky.[13] Though possibly inspired by the Duplex, the two drinks are not really similar at all.[5] Cocktail columnists Gary Regan and Mardee Haidin Regan describe it as a drink where "[g]in is the base ingredient, orange juice is the mixer, and sweet and dry vermouths are added almost as an afterthought."[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Burke, Harman Burney. Burke's complete Cocktail & Drinking Recipes, 1934. Retrieved from cocktailtimes.com on January 18, 2007.
  2. ^ Photograph by Romulo Yanes. "Queens Cocktail, Cocktail of the Week: 2000s Recipes + Menus". gourmet.com. Retrieved 2013-01-22. 
  3. ^ Bredenbek, Magnus. What Shall We Drink?: Popular drinks, recipes and toasts / by Magnus Bredenbek. p 13. New York : Carlyle House, c1934. LCCN 34004223. Retrieved from The Big Apple and also Listserv on January 17, 2007.
  4. ^ The New York Times, August 17, 1947. pg. 17, col. 2. Retrieved from The Big Apple and also Listserv on January 17, 2007.
  5. ^ a b c Regan, Gary and Regan, Mardee Haidin. So you'd like to... Enjoy a Bronx Cocktail, February 4, 2002. Retrieved January 18, 2007.
  6. ^ Regan, Gary. San Francisco Chronicle. A Bronx cheer from the Big Apple, June 12, 2003. Retrieved on January 17, 2007.
  7. ^ a b Crockett, Albert Stevens, (1873-). The Old Waldorf-Astoria Bar Book; with amendments due to repeal of the XVIIIth; giving the correct recipes for five hundred cocktails and mixed drinks. p 41. New York, Dodd, Mead and company, 1934. LCCN 34015101. Retrieved from The Big Apple on January 17, 2007.
  8. ^ Crockett. p 57. Retrieved from Listserv on January 17, 2007.
  9. ^ New York Historical Society 1895-14D, Grand Union Hotel New York Wine List. Retrieved from Listserv on January 17, 2007.
  10. ^ Kurtz, E., "Not God: A History of Alcoholics Anonymous", Hazelden, 1979.
  11. ^ Boothby, William "Cocktail". The World's Drinks and How to Mix Them, 1908. Photographed at San Francisco Public Library Historical Materials Collection [1] on December 28, 2007.
  12. ^ Bronx Cocktail vintage Recipe
  13. ^ The Home Bartender. Bronx Cocktail, March 27, 2006. Boston Cocktails blog. Retrieved January 18, 2007.

External links[edit]