My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic fandom
My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic is an animated television series produced by Hasbro as part of its My Little Pony toy franchise, which is tied in with the 2010 launch of dolls and playsets, and original programming for U.S. cable channel Hub Network (formerly The Hub). Lauren Faust was selected as the creative developer and executive producer for the show, based on her previous animation experience with shows like The Powerpuff Girls and Foster's Home for Imaginary Friends. Under Hasbro's guidance, Faust developed the show to appeal to the target demographic of young girls and their parents, but created characters and settings that challenged formerly stereotypical norms of "girly" images, and added adventure and humorous elements to keep parents interested. The show is animated using Flash, and produced at DHX Media's animation studio in Vancouver, Canada. Its production is overseen by director Jayson Thiessen, who took over as executive producer after Faust stepped down after the first season.
The show received praise from television critics and parental groups. It also found an unlikely audience in a large group of Internet users in late 2010 and early 2011. These older fans, typically males from 18 to 35, were drawn to the show's characters, stories, animation style, and influence of the show's propagation as an Internet meme. The fandom adopted the name brony (plural bronies), a portmanteau of "bro" and "pony". Though initially considered to propagate the humorous and ironic concept of grown men enjoying a show for young girls, the fandom has shown deeper appreciation for the show far beyond this concept, and is considered part of a New Sincerity trend. Its technology-savvy members have created numerous works in writing, music, art, and video based on the show, have established websites and fan conventions for the show, and have participated in charitable events around the show and those that create it.
The appreciation of the show by an older audience came as a surprise to Hasbro, Faust, and others involved with its development, but they have embraced the older fans while staying focused on the show's intended audience. Such reciprocity has included participation in fan conventions by the show's voice actors and producers, recognition of the brony fandom in official promotional material, and incorporating background characters popularized by the fans (such as the fandom-named "Derpy Hooves") into in-jokes within the show. As a result of these efforts in part, My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic has become a major commercial success with the series becoming the highest rated original production in Hub Network's broadcast history.
- 1 Creation and spread
- 2 Fan activities
- 3 Reactions
- 4 In popular culture
- 5 See also
- 6 References
- 7 External links
Creation and spread
One of the first critical reviews of the show, published shortly after the initial broadcast in October 2010, was written by Amid Amidi for the animation website Cartoon Brew. Amidi wrote that the show was a sign of "the end of the creator-driven era in TV animation". Amidi's essay expressed concern that assigning a talent like Faust to a toy-centric show was part of a trend towards a focus on profitable genres of animation, such as toy tie-ins, to deal with a fragmented viewing audience, and overall "an admission of defeat for the entire movement, a white flag-waving moment for the TV animation industry." Though the show had been discussed on 4chan's cartoon forum before the essay's publication, the alarmist nature of the essay led to more interest in the show, resulting in a positive response for the series for its plot, characters, and animation style. This reaction soon spread to the other boards of 4chan, where elements of the show quickly inspired recurring jokes and memes on the site. Some of these included adopting phrases from the show like "anypony", "everypony", and "nopony", instead of "anybody", "everybody", and "nobody", or jokingly stating that they watch the show for the "plot", a reference to the ponies' flanks.
The number of Friendship Is Magic posts drew attention on the site. Fans of the show defended it against various trolling attacks from other 4chan boards, leading to a temporary ban on the discussion of anything related to ponies. Christopher Poole, the founder of 4chan, briefly acknowledged the popularity of the show on the site at the 2011 South by Southwest festival. Poole has since created a dedicated board for discussion of the show and its fandom. Though the discussion of the show continued at 4chan, fans created other venues to discuss it, and the fandom spread to other Internet forums.
The adult interest in the show is comparable to that of The Magic Roundabout, Tiny Toon Adventures, Rocko's Modern Life, Animaniacs, The Powerpuff Girls, SpongeBob SquarePants, Yo Gabba Gabba!, and Phineas and Ferb: older audiences appreciate jokes aimed at adult viewers and a sense of nostalgia for older cartoons and animated films. Many of the aforementioned shows had attracted college-aged fans who, when Friendship Is Magic was airing, would be raising children of their own. The show references works that older viewers would recognize, such as I Love Lucy, The Benny Hill Show, X-Men, 2001: A Space Odyssey, Diamond Dogs, The Big Lebowski, and Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas. Most of these fans are surprised by their fondness for the show. Shaun Scotellaro, operator of Equestria Daily, one of the main fan websites for the show, said, "Honestly, if someone were to have told me I'd be writing a pony blog seven months ago, I would have called them insane." He commented that the spread among adults was accelerated by its presence in online gaming. Mike Fahey, an editor for the gaming website Kotaku, noted that the fandom was "building friendships among a diverse group of people that otherwise might have just sat on either side of the Internet, flinging insults at each other". Dr. Patrick Edwards, who performed several "Brony Studies" to survey and analyze the fandom, observed that the brony fandom is unlike most other fandoms which "aren't welcoming to people who are different", and promote the show's message of love and tolerance. Further interest came from the furry community, which includes a large number of animation fans. One contributor to "The Brony Study" (below), Dr. Marsha Redden said that the adult fans are "a reaction to the US having been engrossed in terrorism for past ten years" in a manner similar to the Cold War, and are "tired of being afraid, tired of angst and animosity"; the show and its fandom are outlets from those strifes. She compared the brony fandom to that of the bohemian and beatniks after World War II and of the hippies after the Vietnam War. In a similar vein, Amy Keating Rogers, one of the show's writers, believes that the fans have come to like Friendship Is Magic due to "so much cynicism and negativity out there in so many [other] shows", while the show "has such a positive message" that counters this.
Older fans of the show use the word "brony", a portmanteau of the words "bro" and "pony". Though this generally refers to male fans, the term is often applied to fans of any gender outside the target demographic. Another term, "Pegasister", has been used to refer to older female fans of the show. Two informal surveys of 2,300 and 9,000 participants respectively revealed that the average age of adult fans is around 21, that approximately 86% were male, and that 63% were currently pursuing a college degree or higher qualification. A subsequent 2012 survey with over 20,000 respondents showed similar numbers, and highlighted that the majority of fans were in the 15-30 age range, were heterosexual, and has, were presently, or were pursuing college degrees. Further, using the Jungian personality test, the survey revealed that the largest fraction of respondent fell into the "INTJ" classification, which normally only occurs in 1-3% of the population, according to the surveyors. Many in the fandom who had difficulty in meeting others or being treated fairly by others found the fandom as a way to meet people with similar interests and become more social. Hub Network's CEO and President Margaret Loesch, who was the executive producer of the 1980s and 1990s animated My Little Pony television shows, noted that there were male fans of those past shows, but there are considerable more for Friendship Is Magic due to the quality of the show and the influence of social media and the Internet.
Some bronies are enlisted personnel in various United States Armed Forces, who have included the various "cutie marks" symbols from the show as insignia on their uniforms or equipment, despite not being appropriate practice for most branches, or worn only during training operations. Margaret Loesch, the CEO and President of The Hub, noted from an email from a group of United States enlisted personnel in Afghanistan explained how they came by the show through way of their daughters, but found the emphasis on teamwork and covering each other's backs resonated with their military onset. An informal statistical census suggests within 95% confidence that as of September 2012, there are between 7 and 12.4 million people in the United States that would identify themselves as bronies.
A more detailed study, "The Brony Study", is currently being conducted by Dr. Patrick Edwards, a psychology professor at Wofford College with his neuropsychologist associate Dr. Redden. The two had initially compiled one of the forementioned informal surveys and Edwards has presented the results at the ongoing brony conventions. Edwards noted that the brony culture provided "the opportunity to study a fan phenomenon from its inception", and planned to continue the survey to watch the evolution of the culture. Professor emeritus Bill Ellis of Penn State University has compared the brony culture to that of otaku, fans of Japanese anime. Ellis, speaking at the 2012 AnimeNEXT convention, considered that both bronies and otaku fans are "psychologically and developmentally normal" and are simply "non-majoritarian" in their choice of active interests. Ellis noted that fans of both groups often are ridiculed for their interest in media targeted for the opposite gender.
Though the initial growth of the fandom may have come from 4chan participants enjoying the ironic nature of grown men enjoying a show for girls, the fandom continues to grow based on sincere appreciation of the work. Robert Thompson, a professor of media studies at Syracuse University, stated that "It's one thing for guys to like motorcycles and muscle cars and soccer. For a guy to like My Little Pony, it's so out there that it becomes almost avant garde. It has a hip quality to it." According to Angela Watchcutter of Wired, the fandom is an example of internet neo-sincerity, where these older viewers watch the show "un-ironically" and "without guilt" breaking gender stereotypes, furthermore creating new material around it. Prof. Roberta Pearson of the University of Nottingham in film and television studies stated that "This is a level of fan devotion I've not seen before," while Prof. Charles Soukup of the University of Northern Colorado in communication studies suggested that this effort is an indication of the "ultra-cult era" that bronies exhibit, where "media consumers discover extremely unexpected and obscure media texts to cultivate uniqueness and distinctiveness for their mediated identities".
Websites such as Equestria Daily and Ponychan were created for fans to share artwork, stories, music, and news about the show. Founded in January 2011, Equestria Daily had over 36 million pageviews in its first 9 months, and has since surpassed 400 million views in September 2013; the blog, that receives more than 175,000 visits a day and is fully funded by advertising revenue, was established by 23-year-old college student Shaun Scotellaro for the purpose of collecting fan fiction and news specific to Friendship is Magic. Shaun eventually cut back on his community college classes in order to continue running the site out of his parents' house in Glendale, Arizona when it grew in popularity. He believed the show needed a unified fan base at the time, as there existed an overarching concern that Hasbro would not be authorizing a second season.
Fans organize local meet-ups and conventions, such as BronyCon, which started in New York City but has recently been moved to Baltimore, at which the show's supervising director Thiessen was as a guest. The first convention attracted 100 people, but the third, held in January 2012, was attended by 800, and the fourth, where developer Lauren Faust and voice actor John de Lancie were special guests, had expanded to a two-day event in June 2012 at the Meadowlands Exposition Center in New Jersey, with more than 4,000 attendees. The subsequent 2013 BronyCon event, held at the Baltimore Convention Center, saw more than 8,000 attendees. Other brony conventions include Everfree Northwest in Seattle, Washington, Midwestria in Chicago, Illinois, Canterlot Gardens in Cleveland, Ohio, Equestria LA in Los Angeles, Big Apple Ponycon in New York (after the original BronyCon was moved to Baltimore in 2013), Sweet Apple Acres Con in Nashville, Tennessee, GalaCon in Germany, BUCK in Manchester, United Kingdom,[unreliable source?] and PonyCon AU in Sydney, Australia. Nearly a dozen brony conventions were planned in 2012. In addition, established My Little Pony conventions prior to the Friendship Is Magic show, such as the "My Little Pony Fair" or "UK PonyCon", have seen increases in their numbers due to the attendance of bronies. A long-running annual art show, the "My Little Pony Project", where artists re-imagine My Little Pony figurines and toys into works of art, has also seen additional attendance and contributions from the brony community.
Charity and fundraising
The fandom is considered to be charitable, raising money for a number of a different efforts. The Brony Thank You Fund was originally established to create a fan-funded advertisement to air on Hub Network as a thank you to the show's creators in November 2012. The charitable drive far exceeded its goal, with additional funds used to give money to provide toys for children of United States military personnel through Toys For Tots. The fund has since incorporated in the state of New Hampshire, and successfully registered as a non-profit 501(c)(3) organization under United States law. They claim to be the first such media-related fandom to achieve this status. In December 2013, the Fund donated $50,000 to endow an animation scholarship in perpetuity at the California Institute of the Arts. Similarly, a group called "Bronies for Good" ran blood drives and raised over $60,000 during 2012 for charities like the Children's Cancer Association, Room to Read, CureSearch, and Your Siblings. Voice actress Tara Strong has gained help from the fandom for her "Kiki's Cancer Fund" to help the daughter of a close friend who has been diagnosis with a brain tumor, and has stated that the child "wouldn't be alive today without the My Little Pony fans". Faust enlisted help from the bronies to raise money for the Wildlife Learning Center in California, with the Center offering to name some of its animals after characters in the show when certain donation levels were raised. In January 2014, 11-year-old Michael Morones became hospitalized after attempting suicide from being bullied by others at his school for being a fan of the show; the brony community subsequently reached out to the family, and with several of the show's production and voice actors, started a charity drive to help pay for his medical bills and starting a non-profit organization to help combat bullying; the efforts raised over $48,000 within a week and more than $72,000 a month later.
The documentary film, Bronies: The Extremely Unexpected Adult Fans of My Little Pony, was funded several times over its requested Kickstarter amount, allowing the filmmakers to expand the scope of the project. An organized group of fans, calling themselves the "Humble Brony Bundle", accepted donations from its members towards the Humble Indie Bundle, a charitable independent video game sales drive for Child's Play and the American Red Cross, which topped the contribution list for one sale and contributed the largest single donation for a later sale after a friendly competition with Minecraft developer Markus Persson. In the next major bundle, the same friendly rivalry topped the donation charts; the Humble Brony Bundle donated over US$13,000 and exceeded Persson's and the rest of the leaderboard's donation.
Arts and entertainment
Many artists use sites such as deviantArt to display fan art based on existing and fan-created characters, more than 500,000 pieces of Friendship Is Magic artwork were present on deviantArt by June 2012. Adult fans have also created a number of plush toys and other figures based on the show's and fandom-created characters, which they sell on eBay and other auction sites to other fans, sometimes for over 100 US dollars.
Videos that incorporate footage from the show, including music videos, parodies and remakes of movie and video game trailers, are posted regularly on YouTube. One early video that caught media attention was made by high school student Stephen Thomas, using science to dissect some of the physical impossibilities on My Little Pony as part of a class presentation; it was later featured on the Tosh.0 website. Remixed versions of professional works using Friendship Is Magic footage have been noticed by their creators; filmmaker Edgar Wright noted My Little Pony versions of the trailers for his films Scott Pilgrim vs. the World and Hot Fuzz. Top Gear's UK blog team and the UK edition of the Top Gear magazine noted a video using clips of their show featuring pony characters. A fan-made Friendship is Magic version of South Korean rapper Psy's "Gangnam Style" music video incorporating an "invisible horse dance" has been highlighted by media outlets as one of the top takes on the video. One fan, Zachary Rich, created a full-length Flash-based fan episode, "Double Rainboom", as part of his college coursework at the Savannah College of Art and Design. Pony-based videos of "Weird Al" Yankovic's songs that Yankovic had highlighted in his Twitter feed led to discussions between the musician and the show directors and eventually guest appearance in the show in the fourth season episode "Pinkie Pride".
The fan community has produced numerous fan fiction works, one of the longest being "Fallout: Equestria" written by "Kkat" based on the Fallout video game series. Some fans have created video games based on Friendship Is Magic, such as the fighting game My Little Pony: Fighting Is Magic, modifications of existing games like Team Fortress 2 and The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim, or crossover artwork between the animated show and video game settings. Flash-based applications allow fans to create their own pony characters in the artistic style of the show.
The fandom has been noted for the quantity and diversity of music produced by its members, including cover versions of songs from the show and original songs inspired by the show and its fandom. In January 2014, BronyTunes (an iOS and web app) was released that collected over 7,000 songs and remixes inspired by the show. "Everfree Network", a brony media network, compiled more than 4,800 pieces of fan music by over 500 different musicians in late December 2011. Thiessen commented that many of these fan productions approach the quality of his studio's work, and suggested the possibly of crowd-sourcing some aspects of future production, while the show's composer, Daniel Ingram, often features fan-made songs on his personal webspace. A group of fan musicians compiled a charity album of original songs, entitled Smile, which raised over $21,000 within a month for the Children's Cancer Association.
Production staff and cast
Lauren Faust, the then-executive producer, expressed appreciation for show's adult fans on her deviantArt page. Faust had not expected men without children to watch it, but said, "The fact that they did and that they were open-minded and cool enough and secure in their masculinity enough to embrace it and love it and go online and talk about how much they love it—I'm kind of proud." Of her surprise to the unexpected fandom, Faust said, "From the messages I've received, these episodes have lifted spirits, brought parents and kids together, changed perspectives and inspired the most unlikely of people in the most unlikely of places. Who would have thought it from a show about candy colored ponies?"
Faust noted the cynicism about the brony fandom, and commented that in considering the idea of grown men watching a show for little girls, "They think there's something wrong with that, something devious about it"; she noted that it was "upsetting to me that people jump to those conclusions". Faust believes that her future animated shows aimed at girls will be easier to sell considering the male adult fandom of Friendship Is Magic, and that that type of programming is not as great a risk as is perceived. After Hasbro issued a cease and desist to the Fighting Is Magic project over the use of copyrighted and trademarked characters, Faust offered to provide the developers with original character arts to allow them to continue to develop the game without copyright issues.
The Internet groups surrounding the fandom have enabled the show's producers to quickly assess their work; Thiessen stated "As soon as the episode airs, I can go online and see people's responses in real time". Many of the creative staff are on various social media services and directly interact with the fandom, including doing questions-and-answer sessions live during the broadcast of new episodes. Ingram was pleased with the fan's reaction to the show's music but said, "I never forget about the original demographic of our show, which is six-year-old girls. Just because it's for kids... I don't think that influences me in terms of how sophisticated I want to make the music."
The voice actors also showed appreciation for adult fans. Andrea Libman, who plays Pinkie Pie and Fluttershy, found that more people wanted to meet her as a result of the show, and commented that among the fan community, "there's some really talented artists doing really amazing stuff". Tara Strong, who voices Twilight Sparkle, used Twitter to interact with fans and started a "Twilightlicious" meme trend. Ashleigh Ball, who voices Rainbow Dash and Applejack, attributes increased attention her band Hey Ocean! has received to the brony community. Child voice actress Michelle Creber, who voices Apple Bloom and provides the singing voice for Sweetie Belle, has collaborated with fan musicians to create new works.
John de Lancie was enthralled by the sudden surge in fandom from the brony community after the broadcast of a two-part second season episode featuring his voice work as Discord, and has embraced the attention. He compared the male fandom of a girl-oriented show to the large number of female fans of the original Star Trek series, and the parallels of what the fans did to support the respective shows. De Lancie helped to make a Kickstarter-funded documentary at the fourth BronyCon convention about the growing fandom, Bronies: The Extremely Unexpected Adult Fans of My Little Pony. Faust, de Lancie and Strong were credited as executive producers on the project. The funding drive ended with more than $320,000 in pledges making it the second-largest film-based project to be funded on Kickstarter. Since its release, the project has since announced plans to remake the documentary to incorporate additional footage taken at European fandom gatherings. This will be shown at film festivals in 2013. Similarly, Ball's surprise at the appreciation of the fandom led her to participate in another documentary, A Brony Tale which will debut at the 2014 Tribeca Film Festival, directed by Brent Hodge, films primarily during the third BronyCon events in New York City where she was a guest of honor.
Allusion within the show
Faust and the production team have acknowledged some of the fandom and fan-created elements of the show and incorporated them into the animation. Though Hasbro's priority is to deliver a child-friendly show, the writers and production staff, according to Linda Steiner, senior vice president of Hasbro Studios, "We will certainly, for fun, do the "bronie" [sic] check to see if this could pass with them, but our job is to deliver to the kids first." Margaret Loesch, president and chief executive of Hub Network, said that they have kept their nods to the fandom to subtle hints. She added, "We haven't driven this movement, the fans have, and we don't want to get ahead of that. We want to nourish this phenomenon, not manipulate it."  A writer for the show, Meghan McCarthy, said, "Some pop culture-y things are thrown in, but we don't want to do anything that's too 'wink wink'. It detracts from the story that we're trying to tell". Many of the nods to the older audience are drawn in by the storyboard artists and animators, who are challenged to populate scripted scenes with background ponies; McCarthy points the example of ponies fashioned after the main characters from The Big Lebowski due to having to fill in space for scenes set in a bowling alley for the episode "The Cutie Pox".
In the first episode, a background pegasus pony is shown in one scene with a cross-eyed stare, the result of an overlooked animator's joke. The 4chan boards quickly dubbed the character "Derpy Hooves" (based on the internet slang word "derp") and created a more detailed personality for her despite having minimal on-screen time. Faust responded to the fans, and the production team has kept the "Derpy" character with the cross-eyed look starting with "Feeling Pinkie Keen", where the team incorporated her into a slapstick sight gag. The character has since become a mascot of the fandom. According to supervising director Jayson Thiessen, the teams considered the character "like a little Easter Egg for people to catch".
At the conclusion of the first season, one of the show's animators confirmed that "Derpy" would be a scripted background character in the second season, and was a part of several sight gags. In the original broadcast of the mid-season episode "The Last Roundup" as well as on the home media The Friendship Express release, "Derpy" was called out by name by another character, and given lines (as voiced by St. Germain) and klutzy mannerisms as a direct call-out to the brony fandom. Though most of the fans appreciated the inclusion, some viewers had a negative response to the character, believing it insulted the mentally handicapped. Hasbro subsequently modified these scenes, and while "Derpy" is still present in subsequent broadcast and digital versions of the episode, she is not named, and a different voice is used. According to Hasbro's Nicole Agnello, "Some viewers felt that aspects of the episode 'The Last Roundup' did not stay true to the core message of friendship which is the heart and soul of the series. Hasbro Studios decided to make slight audio alterations to this single episode." Despite Hasbro's intentions, some members of the brony community were disappointed, and some made efforts to restore the original voice. "Derpy" remained in background cameos throughout other episodes in season 2 and 3. Within season 4, Derpy was re-introduced, remaining silent and unnamed but with her original wall-eyed look, as a side character in the main story of "Rainbow Falls". The appearance was planned as a big reveal for the brony fans, according to co-director Jim Miller, and that "she is here to stay" according to Hasbro's vice president for entertainment Mike Vogel. The Derpy character is used often on Hasbro's marketing of the show. For example, Hasbro's exclusive pony toy at the Comic-Con International and My Little Pony Fair in 2012 was based on the "Derpy" character, and has the same cross-eye look.
Other non-speaking background characters that caught the attention of the fandom have also had expanded roles. A female unicorn pony character, sporting neon colors, wearing sunglasses, and manning a DJ mixer that briefly appeared in "Suited for Success", was given the stage name "DJ P0N-3" in an online poll held by Equestria Daily. This name was reused in the "Equestria Girls" advertisement. The character also appeared as a DJ in the season 2 finale, "A Canterlot Wedding - Part 2", and became part of the new release of My Little Pony toys in late 2012, and was the 2013 San Diego Comic Convention exclusive figurine.
Fans of the show nicknamed a male character with a brown coat, messy brown mane and an hourglass Cutie Mark "Doctor Whooves" because of a purported likeness to David Tennant's portrayal of The Doctor from the long-running BBC television series Doctor Who. The character had a minor speaking role in the episode "Call of the Cutie" and a brief role as a time-keeper in the episode "The Super Speedy Cider Squeezy 6000". Other licensed media further carry the homage; Enterplay's trading card line associate the character, named "Time Turner", as dealing with "all things timey-wimey" around Ponyville, alluding to a famous quote from the episode "Blink", while one of the store-exclusive covers for the Friendship Is Magic comic set the Doctor Whooves character among many iconic Doctor Who elements. Prof. Colin Burnett of Washington University of St. Louis considered the adoption of these fan names and characteristics within the show as demonstration of co-creative collaboration that can exist in modern media, emphasized by unexpected demographics of bronies that helped to bolster the creators' success with the work.
Hasbro and Hub Network
Hasbro and Hub Network have also sought to market to bronies. Steiner said, "You develop the best show you can, and hope the humour will translate to a broader audience. But I've been in the business for 25 years and I've never seen anything like this." A company spokeswoman said that bronies are "a small group of My Little Pony fans who don't necessarily fit what one might expect to be the brand's target audience", while its core audience in the older market is predominantly females. Despite being a small audience, Hasbro and Hub Network chose to "salute and embrace all the viewers who have embraced our brand", according to Margaret Loesch, CEO of Hub Network and former executive producer of the original My Little Pony animated series. Hasbro has allowed the fandom to be an organic movement leading to its growth and success, according to Stephen Davis, head of Hasbro Studios.
Before the brony fandom arose, Hasbro had introduced new My Little Pony toys, including convention-exclusives, at the San Diego Comic Con International. With a brony element in attendance, the convention-exclusive toys have reflected the brony culture; a large poster was published in 2011 that included several background characters that had attracted the fandom's interest. A "Derpy" toy was made available for both the convention and My Little Pony Fair in 2012. Toys "R" Us provided early, limited numbers of new toy based on the zebra character Zecora, due for release in late 2012 by Hasbro. Both Zecora and "Derpy" toys sold out within the first day of the convention.
Teenage and adult fans have shown interest in clothing with images from the show; Erin Comella, brand manager for My Little Pony, said that these fans are "literally dressed in the brand". Hasbro has been providing its licensed clothing vendors such as Hot Topic with My Little Pony-themed shirts and other apparel for both genders and multiple age groups. In part of the older fanbase, Hasbro has come to consider My Little Pony as a "lifestyle" brand, and as of February 2013, has arranged over 200 licenses across fifteen categories of products. According to Julie Duffy, Hasbro's vice president of global brand publicity, while their primary market is the young demographic, "[Hasbro has] found ways to strike the right balance by working with licensees to offer [their] adult fans exciting merchandise geared just for them".
Hasbro and Hub Network have used advertising parodying others works that are more geared towards the adult fans. Hub Network used a promotional billboard in Los Angeles showing the pony characters parodying the films Bridesmaids and Poltergeist. Hub Network also made a parody of Apple's technorati-oriented App Store, which included the phrase, "There's a pony for that." A promotional campaign leading up to the second season finale, "A Canterlot Wedding", in which Twilight's brother Shining Armor marries Princess Cadance, parodied elements of the 2011 British royal wedding, including the placement of an advertisement in the New York Times wedding announcement section.
At the onset of the fandom, Hasbro was generally tolerant of uploads of content and derivative works on sites such as YouTube. However, in late 2011, a fan-run website called "Ponyarchive" that was reposting the complete, high-definition episodes that were being sold on iTunes for no cost closed down after receiving cease and desist letters from Hasbro. The otherwise "hands-off" policy has enabled the growth of the fandom. In another case, Hasbro was required to take legal action to protect the My Little Pony trademark against a group working on a massively multiplayer online game, MLP: Online, though the developers, after working with Hasbro's legal team, are seeking to develop a new Friendship Is Magic-related game without the trademark issues. Though many fan-created videos combine copyright footage of Friendship Is Magic with adult elements from films inappropriate for children like Inglourious Basterds or foul language from musical artists such as Wu-Tang Clan, Hasbro has not taken a stance against these videos and has recognized that the parodies and remixes form a culture of participation that has helped to draw larger attention to the show. In light of the Stop Online Piracy Act, Daniel Nye Griffiths of Forbes considered the fans' re-use of copyrighted works and creation of new works from them as examples of the inevitable result of any media gaining a fandom, and praised Hasbro for embracing the means to extend the brand through this instead of trying endlessly to stop such infringements. More recently, Hasbro has taken a more proactive nature, such as issuing cease and desist letters to more visible projects such as My Little Pony: Fighting Is Magic and MLP Online, and selling episodes on YouTube which in turn has caused some fan videos to run afoul of YouTube's Content ID system.
A monthly My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic comic began its run in November 2012 by IDW Publishing. The comic, like the show, is aimed to appeal to younger children with their parents, but includes various pop culture and fandom nods to draw in the older readers. IDW has reported that over 100,000 copies of the first issue were been pre-ordered, outselling numerous other comic for that month, and making it the best selling issue in IDW's history, as well as one of the best selling single issue comics of 2012. IDW have made plans to reprint the first issue to meet further demand as well as republish the first set as a standalone volume early in 2013. The monthly comic and its separate "micro-series", featuring single issue stories that focus on one character, have regularly broken in the top 100 issues sold each month, one of the few non-DC, non-Marvel outside of The Walking Dead that appear in this list, and remain IDW's top-selling publication.
The adult fandom has been perceived negatively by others. Media coverage of the brony phenomenon overshadowed the critical praise the show received. The brony community has encountered ridicule through trolling on internet forums, although it has moved away from 4chan. The Fox News Channel comedy talk program Red Eye w/Greg Gutfeld poked fun at the fandom because it largely consists of young adult males. Kurt Schlichter of BigHollywood.com called the phenomenon a "terrifying new trend", and wrote, "Hollywood, do you really need to enable the creepy immaturity of these geebos? No. It's time to stop the insanity." Commenting on Schlichter's article, Greg Pollowitz of the National Review Online wrote that considering the target audience he could not understand the show's appeal to adult men. Jerry Springer has sent out a request for members of the fandom to appear on his show, but many fans, as well as those that support the fandom like voice actress Tara Strong, have warned others from participating fearing the show would highlight the negative aspects of the fandom. Though Springer did include a segment in an October 2012 show on "Outrageous Guilty Pleasures", featuring two people that claimed to be bronies, sites such as The Daily Dot question if these were just staged actors after the previous warnings alerted the fandom. The hacking group GNAA targeted specific pages on Tumblr in an attack in early December 2012, primarily those that came from the brony fandom or that had reported on it, though since has been stopped and repaired by Tumblr; the attack included insulting language posted to the affected Tumblr sites, in claims of an upcoming "brony-removal drive". A situation where an adult fan was reportedly fired from his job for expressing his enthusiasm for the show at work and making his fellow employees uncomfortable was covered by several news sources, but as noted by political science professor Corey Robin, such freedom of expression is not protected in the workplace. In March 2014, Grayson Bruce, a nine-year-old boy in a North Carolina school and a fan of the cartoon, had started using a Rainbow Dash backpack for school which caused him to be bullied by other students. The story gained wide coverage when the school told Grayson to leave the backpack at home as opposed to addressing the bullying; an online campaign to show support for Grayson gained over 32,000 supporters on its Facebook page, and the brony fanbase, the show's creators and voice actors, and various news commentators like Glenn Beck, Ronan Farrow and Eugene Volokh have stood up for the boy's actions. The school later revised its decision after speaking to the family and clarifying it was not trying to blame the student for the incident.
Some media have been critical of the adult-oriented material created by fans. In some cases, these videos may appear in internet searches that children may perform while looking for online copies of the program, forcing parents to have to discuss pornography and sex with their children. One parody series, drawn by animator Max Gilardi in the style of John Kricfalusi, places the characters in explicit adult situations and was described by the web site io9 as "disgusting ... and most certainly NSFW". A segment on the The Howard Stern Show in July 2012 weighed on the pornographic aspect of the brony fandom, often referred to as "clop", though at least one journalist reported that this a small subset of the larger group. Slate's Amanda Marcotte opined that the transformation of the pony characters into teenage girls for the My Little Pony: Equestria Girls feature film was a move to satisfy the adult fans who "have expressed a strong interest in seeing the Ponies in sexy, humanized forms". In one case, several media outlets highlighted a letter written by a brony that claimed to be marrying Twilight Sparkle to a fan artist that drew the character in erotic situations to cease such work, as to highlight of the ridiculous nature of the fandom and Internet as a whole. The fandom acknowledges that such material is generated by a subset of the group, but consider it "an unavoidable part of any online fandom", as described by TV Guide's Sadie Gennis, and not worry about this facet.
Rebecca Angel, writing for Wired's Geekmom column, described some of the negative feedback from fellow writers about the mostly male brony culture that included accusations of pedophilia, homosexuality, and immaturity. Angel defended the fandom's culture, describing adult fans' interest as a form of escapism, and that the show provides characters they can relate to and talk about with other fans. She also acknowledged the double-standard whereas females can watch male-oriented entertainment without question, while male bronies receive criticism about their interest in the show. Angel later called the brony fandom as rebellious towards gender roles, stating that "having interests that go against what men are supposed to embrace is the sneakiest kind of rebellion". In a similar vein, an "Idea Channel" segment from the Public Broadcasting Service said that the ridicule received by the brony community is partly because the male appreciation for the show challenges preconceived notions of gender roles in the mass media.
Portions of the brony fandom have often reacted negatively to changes in the direction of the show, such as in the above change to "The Last Roundup" episode involving the Derpy Hooves character. Similarly, the Season 3 finale episode "Magical Mystery Cure" ended with the main character Twilight Sparkle transforming into a winged unicorn (alicorn) and being named a princess. This change was revealed prior to the episode's airing, and a portion of the fandom were critical of the change, comparing it to a "jump the shark" moment for the show, while others considered that it was a significant change of one of the show's more popular characters that most of the brony fandom could relate with. The showrunners had to offer that while Twilight's physical appearance would change, this would not otherwise alter her personality or the general concept of the show. On the announcement of the My Little Pony: Equestria Girls feature-length animated film, in which the pony characters are re-envisioned as human teenage girls going to high school, a large fraction of the adult fandom reacted negatively towards the premise. Several stated that it was a corporate play by Hasbro and veered away from the direction that Faust had envisioned for the show at its onset, while others commented on the cliched aspect of a high school comedy, the overly thin appearance of the human characters, and other factors. The fan site Equestria Daily had issued a caution to its readers to not lash out at the show's creators who had also worked on the film, and other more predominate figures of the fandom urged others to continue to support the staff. Equestria Daily's Shaun Scotellaro considered the fandom's behavior to be "your typical overreaction to something changing in your favorite series".
The My Little Pony toys have been collected mainly by women who grew up with the toys during the 1980s and 1990s, before Hasbro revived the toy series with its Friendship Is Magic line. Bonnie Zacherle, the original creator of the franchise, noted that the toys and show were originally conceived to appeal to preschool children of both genders, and considers it a "good thing" for the adult fandom to have the same appreciation of the show as the collectors. According to Summer Hayes, author of six books about My Little Pony toy collections and organizer of the annual My Little Pony collectors' fair, some of these collectors appreciated the attention of the brony community. Hayes said that the brony community has participated in the toy fair, and that other collectors resent the sudden popularity of Friendship Is Magic. She said that that these earlier fans and collectors had thought; " ... what about us? We've been here forever, and nobody seemed to care. But now that there are all these guys in their 20s that are crazy about it, it's suddenly important and it means something." Hayes also said, "To the bronies, I say, I think My Little Pony is awesome, so more power to you".
The adult fandom has gained media attention through outlets such as Wired, Fox News Channel and The Wall Street Journal. Stephen Colbert gave a shout-out to the brony fandom at least twice on his comedy news show, The Colbert Report, although since then his positive connection with the fan base has become questionable. Erin Burnett of CNN's Outfront reported on the 2012 Summer BronyCon, and ended the segment with a recolored character from the show representing the pony version of herself. The fans gave her some artwork of her character as a way of "welcoming [her] to the herd". NPR's comedy radio show Wait Wait... Don't Tell Me! highlighted the brony fandom in an episode in June 2011, and the following week quizzed former US President Bill Clinton about elements from the show during a telephone interview segment called "Not My Job"; Clinton correctly answered the three multiple choice questions, leading at least one journalist to jokingly refer to him as a brony. An episode of Hot In Cleveland dealing with fan conventions included references to the brony fandom.
Lexicographer Grant Barrett listed "brony" as a memorable new word of 2011. Time named "the bronies" as the ninth-best meme of 2011, the Internet meme research site Know Your Meme listed it among its top ten memes of 2011, and PC Magazine named it one of 2011's top memes.
In popular culture
The adult fandom of My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic has led to references to the program in popular culture. Musician Andrew W.K., a fan of the show, said that he strongly identifies with the over-enthusiastic character of Pinkie Pie. He said, "She's another creature, much like I am in this world, who is doing everything she can to have fun," and that he feels inspired by the character spreading excitement and joy to others. He hosted a panel called "What Would Pinkie Pie Do?" at the Canterlot Gardens convention in September 2012, and described it as "the most intense experience of [his] life". Rapper MC Chris released a song called "Discord (My Little Brony)" on April 1, 2012, that showed high familiarity with the show and its culture.
The animated television show Mad spoofed Friendship Is Magic at least twice; one segment was called "My Little War Horse". An episode of Bob's Burgers, "The Equestranauts", was made as a homage to bronies and their conventions. A secret level in the video game Diablo III included enemies named "Rainbow Western", "Midnight Sparkle" and "Nightmarity", alluding to Friendship is Magic. In interviews for the video game-related podcast series Geek a Week, both Markus Persson of Mojang and Gabe Newell of Valve said they are fans of Friendship is Magic. Owlchemy Labs added a "Brony Mode" to their video game Snuggle Truck as free downloadable content in October 2012 specifically as a nod to the brony community. The mode replaces the fuzzy animals in the game with Friendship Is Magic-inspired ponies which the user must drive safely across a landscape. An extended character, the Mechromancer, available as downloadable content for the game Borderlands 2, includes numerous references to the show and the fans through the character's skill tree.
The Pirate Party Germany's parliamentary group in the Abgeordnetenhaus of Berlin (the Berlin state parliament) has insisted on the inclusion of a break called "pony time", in which an episode from the series is shown, during their meetings at their parliamentary office, which displeased many other members in the Berlin parliament. The internet activist group Anonymous used the character Rainbow Dash to deface the website of the Social Democratic Party of Austria in 2011 and 2012. A teenage white hat hacker used the name "Pinkie Pie" for anonymity and a fan drawing of the character wielding an axe as part of a successful entry in an early 2012 contest sponsored by Google Chrome to break the security of the web browser; the same user also was the first to break the security in a second contest held later in 2012. A May 2013 update to Google Hangouts included an easter egg that would have Friendship Is Magic-inspired ponies run across the chat window. A similar update in August 2013 as part of YouTube's "Geek Week" added two easter eggs, one that would cause ponies to cross the screen on searching for "bronies", and a second that, if searching on a number of different pony names like "Twilight Sparkle", would change the site's title bar to a representative color of that pony.
An article that appeared in the New York Times on December 26, 2011, "Navigating Love and Autism" by Amy Harmon, described how a young woman with Asperger syndrome used My Little Pony characters to relieve stress. She visualized the character Twilight Sparkle whenever she "found herself in a bad-mood rut". The story misidentified Twilight Sparkle as Fluttershy on initial publication and the paper issued a correction, which some journalists have jokingly considered as "the best New York Times correction ever", though others saw it as a sign of the journalistic integrity of the Times. Harmon was contacted by fans about the mistake, and said, "I hate to get anything wrong, but I confess to some enjoyment in finding the right way to phrase this one."
- Amidi, Amid (2010-10-19). "The End of the Creator-Driven Era in TV Animation". Cartoon Brew. Retrieved 2011-06-09.
- Dennis, Scott (2011-03-10). "Ponies overachieving, from feminism to 4chan". The Daily Barometer. Retrieved 2013-10-11.
- Beck, Jerry (2011-09-24). "We've Created A Bronster!". Cartoon Brew. Retrieved 2011-09-25.
- LaMarche, Una (2011-08-03). "Pony Up Haters: How 4chan Gave Birth to the Bronies". The New York Observer. Retrieved 2011-08-03.
- Weinman, Jaime (2011-09-07). "Men who love 'My Little Pony'". Maclean's. Retrieved 2011-09-08.
- Angel, Rebecca (2012-05-27). "In Defense of Bronies". Wired. Retrieved 2012-05-27.
- Christopher Poole (Moot) at SXSW. YouTube. 2011-03-13. Retrieved 2011-08-04.
- Burnett, Sam (2011-07-02). "Show Pony". The Mercury. Retrieved 2011-07-04.[dead link]
- Ostroff, Joshua (2011-08-03). "All-ages show: Hipsters love children's programming". National Post. Retrieved 2011-08-03.
- Ostroff, Joshua (2011-08-08). "TV for all ages". Ottawa Citizen. Retrieved 2011-08-09.
- Strike, Joe (2011-07-05). "Of Ponies and Bronies". Animation World Network. Retrieved 2011-07-06.
- Pollack, Judann (2011-11-28). "'My Little Pony: The Friendship Is Magic' Gains Unexpected Audience -- Adults". Ad Age. Retrieved 2011-11-28.
- Abrams, Natalie (2012-01-19). "VIDEO: My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic Pays Tribute to I Love Lucy". TV Guide. Retrieved 2012-01-19.
- Furlong, Maggie (2014-01-23). "'My Little Pony Friendship Is Magic' First Look: Things Take a 'Fear and Loathing' Turn". Yahoo!. Retrieved 2014-01-23.
- Watchcutter, Angela (2011-06-09). "My Little Pony Corrals Unlikely Fanboys Known as 'Bronies'". Wired. Retrieved 2011-06-09.
- House, Kelly (2011-09-17). "Meet 'bronies' -- grown men who are fans of My Little Pony". The Oregonian. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
- Truitt, Brian (2012-11-26). "'My Little Pony' plants a hoof in pop culture". USA Today. Retrieved 2012-11-26.
- Drabinski, Kate (2013-08-07). "WHAT'S SO FUNNY ‘BOUT PEACE, LOVE, AND BRONYCON?". Baltimore City Paper. Retrieved 2013-08-07.
- Connelly, Sherilyn (2012-01-17). "Meet the Furries and Fans at 2012's Most Unconventional Convention". SF Weekly. Retrieved 2012-01-17.
- Orsini, Lauren Rae (2012-02-12). "Researchers strive to understand brony culture". The Daily Dot. Retrieved 2012-06-12.
- Stohs-Krause, Hilary (2013-05-13). "'Brony' Fandom Carves Out Space For Young Men To Enjoy Friendship ... And Cartoon Ponies". Nebraska Educational Telecommunications. Retrieved 2013-05-13.
- Gutekunst, Adam; Levy, Dustin (2013-07-31). "BronyCon 2013 brings thousands of 'My Little Pony' lovers to Baltimore". Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 2013-07-31.
- von Hoffman, Constantine (2011-05-31). "My Little Pony: the Hip, New Trend Among the Geekerati". BNET. Retrieved 2011-05-31.
- McKean, Erin (2011-12-02). "The secret language of bros". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 2011-12-02.
- Vara, Vauhini; Zimmerman, Ann (2011-11-04). "Hey, Bro, That's My Little Pony! Guys' Interest Mounts in Girly TV Show". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on 2011-12-01. Retrieved 2011-11-04.
- Wickman, Kase (2012-01-09). "The Bronies Take Manhattan". The Awl. Retrieved 2012-01-11.
- Edwards, Patrick; Redden, Marsha. "The Brony Study". Patrick Edwards. Retrieved 2012-01-11.
- Watercutter, Angela (2011-01-10). "Brony Census Tracks 'State of the Herd'". Wired. Retrieved 2011-01-11.
- Sporman, Sean (2013-03-24). "Online "Brony Herd Census" Reveals Facts, Stats About Adult My Little Pony Fans". WTVY. Retrieved 2013-03-24.
- Elder, Jon (2013-10-13). "Brony spectacle signals acceptance of 'different kinds' of masculinity". The Age. Retrieved 2013-10-13.
- Gennis, Sadie (2013-08-01). "Give Bronies a Break! In Defense of Adult My Little Pony Fans". TV Guide. Retrieved 2013-08-01.
- Winter, Jana (2012-07-18). "Warhorse: The military's 'My Little Pony' fan club". Fox News. Retrieved 2012-07-18.
- Schogol, Jeff (2013-07-25). "Trainees adopt 'My Little Pony' class patch". Military Times. Retrieved 2013-07-29.
- Abad-Santos, Alexander (2012-10-12). "Learning to Love Bronies at Comic-Con". The Atlantic. Retrieved 2012-10-12.
- Chen, Adrian; Read, Max (2012-01-08). "Here Are Some Adult My Little Pony Fanatics We Met at BronyCon". Gawker. Retrieved 2012-08-22.
- O'Connell, Margaret (2012-07-23). "Bronies, Otaku, and My Little Pony: Friendship is Magic, Part 1". Sequential Tart. Retrieved 2012-08-22.
- O'Connell, Margaret (2012-07-30). "Bronies, Otaku, and My Little Pony: Friendship is Magic, Part 2". Sequential Tart. Retrieved 2012-08-22.
- Peters, Chris (2013-03-19). "'Bronies' (dudes who like 'My Little Pony') have strong community in Nebraska". Omaha World-Herald. Retrieved 2013-03-19.
- Ghomeshi, Jian (2011-12-07). Curious about Bronies? (Adobe Flash) (Radio broadcast). CBC Radio. Retrieved 2011-12-07.
- Watercutter, Angela (2011-11-05). "Bronies' TV Spot Shows Changing Face of My Little Pony Herd". Wired. Retrieved 2012-11-05.
- Weinman, Jaime (2011-09-07). "Ponies Do Sondheim". Maclean's. Retrieved 2011-09-23.
- 'Sethisto' (2013-09-21). "400,000,000 Hits Dance Off". Equestria Daily. Retrieved 2013-09-24.
- Gibson, Megan (2011-06-10). "The Newest Internet Bro Craze: 'My Little Pony'". Time. Retrieved 2011-06-10.
- Hix, Lisa (2012-06-28). "My Little Pony Smackdown: Girls vs. Bronies". Collectors Weekly. Retrieved 2012-06-28.
- Tucker, Reed (2012-01-10). "Horsing around!". New York Post. Retrieved 2012-01-11.
- Wennemer, Rob (2012-06-29). "Pittsburgh guys profess love for My Little Pony". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved 2012-06-29.
- Connelly, Sherilyn (2012-08-22). "Beyond BronyCon: Inside the My Little Pony Convention, Everfree Northwest". SF Weekly. Retrieved 2012-09-17.
- Hayes, Natalie (2012-09-14). "Dressage for the 'Pony' set". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved 2012-09-17.
- "Andrew W.K. to Speak at 'My Little Pony' Convention". Rolling Stone. 2012-06-13. Retrieved 2012-06-13.
- Ohanesian, Liz (2012-11-05). "Equestria L.A.: Southern California Gets Its Own Brony Convention, for My Little Pony Fans". LA Weekly. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- Spoman, Sean (2013-08-05). "My Little Pony Fans Celebrate Friendship is Magic at Germany's GalaCon". WTVY. Retrieved 2014-01-30.
- Papaloizou, Marios (2013-08-24). "Brace yourselves...The Bronies are coming: Europe's largest My Little Pony convention comes to Manchester". Mancunian Matters. Retrieved 2014-01-30.
- Murphy, Damien (2013-04-05). "My Little Pony gains growing legion of fans from left field". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 2013-04-05.
- Williams, Zoe (2012-10-05). "Men in tiaras join UK's biggest My Little Pony fans". The Guardian. Retrieved 2012-10-05.
- Heyman, Marshall (2012-10-14). "An Evening of Horse Shoes and Pony Tales". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2012-10-16.
- Zuckerman, Esther (2012-10-15). "What 'My Little Pony' Art Looks Like". The Atlantic. Retrieved 2012-10-15.
- Schmidt, Gregory (2013-03-02). "Classic Toys Redesigned to Traverse Generations". New York Times. Retrieved 2013-03-02.
- Orsini, Lauren (2012-07-02). "Behind The Scenes Of The Brony Thank You Project". The Daily Dot. Retrieved 2012-11-03.
- "NH Secretary of State Listing for The Brony Thank You Fund, Incorporated". 2012-05-08. Retrieved 2012-11-05.
- Doctorow, Cory (2013-05-14). "My Little Pony fans successfully register a 501(c)3 charity for fannish good works". Boing Boing. Retrieved 2013-05-14.
- Vlahos, Kelley (2014-01-03). "Rise of the Bronies". The American Conservative. Retrieved 2014-01-03.
- "We Did It!". The Brony Thank You Fund. 2013-11-28. Retrieved 2014-01-18.
- "Seeds of Kindness Fundraiser Launched – Your Siblings". Your Siblings. 2012-05-04. Retrieved 2013-09-01.
- "BfG: Seeds of Kindness Reports From Africa – Your Siblings". Your Siblings. 2013-06-02. Retrieved 2013-09-01.
- "Seeds of Kindness 3 Charity Lineup". Bronies for Good. 2013-07-18. Retrieved 2013-09-01.
- "Seeds of Kindness 3: A Veritable Palette of Convention Charity Programming – Derpy Hooves News". Derpy Hooves News. 2013-07-27. Retrieved 2013-09-01.
- Frederick, Brittany (2013-02-17). "Tara Strong Teases The 'My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic' Season Finale". Star Pulse. Retrieved 2013-03-13.
- Sporeman, Sean (2015-05-06). "Follow-Up: My Little Pony Fans Rally Behind a Pair of Fundraisers". WTVY. Retrieved 2013-05-06.
- Gander, Kashmira (2014-02-05). "US schoolboy who attempted suicide after being bullied for liking 'My Little Pony' may have permanent brain damage". News > World. The Independent. Photo by Matt Cardy/Getty Images and photo by Simeon Leonard. ISSN 0951-9467. Archived from the original on 2014-02-23. Retrieved 2014-02-05.
- Goldmann, Carrie (2014-02-01). "11-yr-old Boy Bullied for Being A Brony Fighting for Life After Suicide Attempt; How You Can Help". Chicago Now. Retrieved 2014-02-01.
- Bender, Kelli (2014-02-04). "11-Year-Old Boy Attempts Suicide After Being Bullied for My Little Pony Passion". People.
- Wattercutter, Angela (2014-03-11). "Bronies Are Redefining Fandom — And American Manhood". Wired. Retrieved 2014-03-11.
- Connelly, Brendon (2012-06-12). "Bronies Make My Little Pony Convention Film The Second Most Funded In The History Of Kickstarter". Bleeding Cool. Retrieved 2012-06-12.
- Watercutter, Angela (2011-12-15). "Exclusive Clip: My Little Pony Tells Origin Story in Holiday Episode". Wired. Retrieved 2011-12-15.
- Maxwell, Kristen (2011-12-28). "Sick kids and indies win with Humble Bundle's record $2.37 million haul". Video Game Writers. Retrieved 2011-12-28.
- Winslett, Ryan (2012-06-15). "Humble Indie Bundle V Rakes In More Than $5M". Cinema Blend. Retrieved 2012-06-15.
- Funk, John (2011-05-09). "In the Grim Darkness of the Future, There Are Only Ponies". The Escapist. Retrieved 2011-10-07.
- Morgan, Matt (2011-04-21). "T-Shirt Addict: Gaming and Memes Go Hand in Hand". Wired. Retrieved 2011-05-10.
- MacFarland, Kevin (2011-05-12). "My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic is the new trailer mashup meme champion". The A.V. Club. Retrieved 2011-05-12.
- 'GrrlScientist' (2011-06-02). "Physical impossibilities in My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic". The Guardian. Retrieved 2011-06-10.
- Doctorow, Cory (2011-05-25). "Impossible physics: Why My Little Pony can't really fly". Boing Boing. Retrieved 2011-06-10.
- Stanley, T.L. (2012-04-19). "A Brony gathering: SoCal men let their ‘My Little Pony' flag fly". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2012-04-19.
- Hallam, Carly (2011-05-26). "Do You Have Ten Minutes To Watch A Physics Presentation On 'My Little Pony'?". Comedy Central. Retrieved 2011-10-07.
- "My Little Pony does Top Gear". Top Gear. 2011-08-23. Retrieved 2011-08-26.
- "5 Must-See 'Gangnam Style' Response Videos". The Wall Street Journal. 2012-08-22. Retrieved 2012-08-24.
- "Pony Dances 'Gangnam Style' Too". KPopStarz. 2012-08-23. Retrieved 2012-08-24.
- Williams, Nick; Maloy, Sarah (2012-09-19). "The 10 Best 'Gangnam Style' Parodies". Billboard. Retrieved 2012-09-19.
- Busis, Hiliary (2013-01-31). "'My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic': A Brony explains why fans say 'neigh' to Princess Twilight". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 2013-05-30.
- Matheson, Whitney (2014-01-15). "Exclusive: 'Weird Al' Yankovic graces 'My Little Pony'". USA Today. Retrieved 2014-01-15.
- Nazaruk, Igor (2012-02-06). "We love the pony, there are millions of us". emetro.pl (in Polish). Agora SA. Retrieved 2013-10-11. "Najdłuższy z nich - "Fallout: Equestria" - rozgrywa się w postapokaliptycznej rzeczywistości i liczy już 40 rozdziałów, a jego tekst mieści się na ok. 2000 stronach A4" - "The longest of them - "Fallout: Equestria" - set in post-apocalyptic reality and now consists of 40 chapters, and the text is located at approximately 2000 pages of A4."
- Orsini, Lauren Rae (2012-10-08). "Behind "Fallout: Equestria", the ultimate "My Little Pony" tribute". The Daily Dot. Retrieved 2012-10-16.
- Noble, McKinley (2011-06-23). "My Little Pony Gets a Street Fighter Style Fighting Game". GamePro. Archived from the original on 2011-12-01. Retrieved 2011-08-07.
- Ченцов, Илья (2011-07-28). "Большие Безобразия маленьких пони" [Big Hijinks of Little Ponies]. Страна Игр (in Russian) (Russia: Gameland) (324): 62–70. EAN-13 4607157100056.
- Phillips, Tom (2012-01-19). "Skyrim mod replaces dragons with My Little Pony". Eurogamer. Retrieved 2012-01-19.
- Griffiths, Daniel Nye (2012-01-19). "SOPA, Skyrim and My Little Pony - Infringement is Magic?". Forbes. Retrieved 2012-01-19.
- Fahey, Mike (2012-03-12). "Video Game Character or My Little Pony? Yes.". Kotaku. Retrieved 2012-03-12.
- Wattercutter, Angela (2012-01-06). "Make Your Own Little Pony (Because the Intenet Needs More Ponies)". Wired. Retrieved 2012-01-06.
- Rutherford, Kevin (2012-04-20). "Behind the Music of Pop Culture Smash 'My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic'". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2012-04-20.
- Orsini, Lauren Rae (2012-04-21). "For brony musicians, "Friendship is Magic" serves as muse". The Daily Dot. Retrieved 2012-04-21.
- Baker-Whitelaw, Gavia (2014-01-17). "This app is the iTunes of brony music". Daily Dot. Retrieved 2014-01-17.
- Turner, James (2012-03-20). "Is TV paying too much attention to fans?". The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 2012-03-20.
- Faust, Lauren (2011-05-08). "THANK YOU!!!". deviantART. Retrieved 2011-08-02.
- Collins, Dave (2012-07-01). "Guys Who Like My Little Pony Gather for 'BronyCon'". Associated Press. Retrieved 2012-07-01.
- Wilson, Melody (2012-07-03). "Brony Love: Lauren Faust, Creator of My Little Pony: Friendship is Magic, Live from Bronycon!". Bitch. Retrieved 2012-07-03.
- Hillier, Brenna (3 March 2013). "My Little Pony creator to help resurrect Fighting is Magic game". VG247. Retrieved 3 March 2013.
- Keeble, Ellen (2012-05-21). "Voicing pony magic". Calgary Sun. Retrieved 2012-05-21.
- Marchand, Francois (2012-05-11). "Vancouver pop-rock band Hey Ocean! plays it their way". The Vancouver Sun. Retrieved 2013-10-11.
- Stewart, Alasdair (2012-10-02). "Star Trek's John de Lancie Interviewed". SFX. Retrieved 2012-10-02.
- "BronyCon: The Documentary". Kickstarter. Retrieved 2012-05-21.
- Jules (2012-05-30). "Kickstart BronyCon: The Documentary". Wired. Retrieved 2012-05-30.
- "Bronycon Documentary - Release Details". Equestria Daily. 2012-07-07. Retrieved 2012-08-21.
- Cox, Gordon (2014-03-06). "Joss Whedon, Courteney Cox, Katie Holmes, ‘Zombeavers’ and Bronies Round Out the 2014 Tribeca Film Festival Slate". Variety. Retrieved 2014-03-06.
- Wattercutter, Angela (2013-08-21). "Our Enduring Fascination With Bronies Continues With Yet Another Documentary". Wired. Retrieved 2013-08-21.
- Griffiths, Daniel Nye (2011-09-27). "Friendship is Massive - Ponies, Internet phenomena and crossover audiences". Daniel Nye Griffiths. Retrieved 2012-01-19.
- Busis, Hillary (2012-04-13). "Saddle up: You're invited to a 'My Little Pony' royal wedding -- EXCLUSIVE". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 2012-04-16.
- Sims, Chris (2012-07-15). "'We Love The Bronies': The Cast And Writer Of 'My Little Pony' On MLP And Its Fans [SDCC]". Comics Alliance. Retrieved 2012-07-18.
- Kreoss (2011-05-07). "And so it ends...". DeviantArt. Retrieved 2012-06-05.
- Alberghetti, Sabrina (2012-01-31). "Derpy Backlash?". DeviantArt. Retrieved 2012-01-31.
- Chen, Adrien (2012-02-28). "Bronies Furious After Minor My Little Pony Character Is Changed to Seem Less Mentally Disabled". Gawker. Retrieved 2012-02-28.
- Alvarez, David (2014-01-18). "My Little Pony: Friendship is Magic ‘Rainbow Falls’ Review". Unleash the Fanboy. Retrieved 2014-01-18.
- Miller, Jim (2014-01-18). "Jim Miller on Derpy". Twitter. Retrieved 2014-01-18.
- Vogel, Mike (2014-01-18). "Mike Vogel on Derpy". Twitter. Retrieved 2014-02-04.
- Matheson, Whitney (2012-05-30). "Exclusive: Preview the 2012 Special Edition My Little Pony". USA Today. Retrieved 2012-05-30.
- 'Sethisto' (2010-12-05). "Poll Results: What is the DJ Pony's Name?". Equestria Daily. Retrieved 2011-10-07.
- Ohanesian, Liz (2012-07-13). "San Diego Comic-Con 2012: Hasbro Listens to Fans with New, Exclusive Toys". LA Weekly. Retrieved 2012-07-13.
- Truitt, Brian (2013-06-05). "Hasbro Comic-Con exclusives star Marvel, 'Jem', 'Pony'". USA Today. Retrieved 2013-06-05.
- "10 Awesome Examples of Doctor Who's Cultural Influence". TV Guide. 2013-11-22. Retrieved 2013-11-22.
- Schenkel, Katie (2012-01-28). "Harold Hill comes to My Little Pony". Cliqueclack. Retrieved 2012-01-31.
- Alberghetti, Sabrina (2012-01-30). "Comment on *Sibsy's profile". DeviantArt. Retrieved 2012-01-31.
- Johnson, Rich (2012-11-08). "My Little Pony #2 Gets A Doctor Whooves Cover From Midtown Comics". Bleeding Cool News. Retrieved 2012-11-10.
- Burnett, Colin (2013). "Chapter 7 : Participation is Magic". In Gray, Jonathan; Johnson, Derek. A Companion to Media Authorship. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 978-0470670965.
- Griffiths, Daniel Nye (2011-08-15). "Colt Success". Wired UK. Retrieved 2011-10-10.
- Daniels, Hunter (2012-07-15). "Comic-Con: Hasbro Studios Head Stephen Davis Talks the Brony Movement, Transformers, Stretch Armstrong, Battleship and More". Collider.com. Retrieved 2012-07-15.
- Wallace, Lewis (2011-07-06). "Marvel's Sentinel Faces My Little Pony at Comic-Con". Wired. Retrieved 2011-07-08.
- Matheson, Whitney (2011-06-28). "Exclusive: See Hasbro's Comic-Con My Little Pony". USA Today. Retrieved 2011-07-10.
- Stone, Michael (2012-06-13). "Fashion's a Factor at the Licensing Expo". Advertising Age. Retrieved 2012-06-15.
- White, Martha C. (2013-04-01). "Hasbro aims for winner's circle as Build-A-Bear adds My Little Ponies to its stable". NBC Today. Retrieved 2013-04-01.
- Matthews, Anne (2012-05-15). "The 10 Nerdiest Easter Eggs in My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic". Topless Robot. Retrieved 2012-06-05.
- Watercutter, Angela (2011-07-08). "My Little Pony Ad Parodies 'There's an App for That'". Wired. Retrieved 2011-07-08.
- Notopoulos, Katie (2011-12-30). "Hasbro Crushes Dreams of Grown Men Who Love My Little Pony". Gawker. Retrieved 2012-02-29.
- Good, Owen (2012-12-08). "Bronies Shut Down Their My Little Pony MMO, Blaming Copyright Law". Kotaku. Retrieved 2012-12-09.
- Wallenstein, Andrew (2011-07-26). "Brands frown on fair use". Variety. Retrieved 2011-07-26.
- Marsden, Rhodri (2011-08-09). "Cyberclinic: Copyright sharks don't need to bite the parodies". The Independent. Retrieved 2011-08-09.
- Fahey, Mike (2013-02-08). "Hasbro Lawyers Stable My Little Pony: Fighting is Magic Fan Project". Kotaku. Retrieved 2013-02-08.
- Good, Owen (2012-12-08). "Bronies Shut Down Their My Little Pony MMO, Blaming Copyright Law". Kotaku. Retrieved 2013-02-08.
- Renaud, Jeffrey (2012-11-28). ""My Little Pony" writer Katie Cook declares "Friendship is Magic"". Comic Book Resources. Retrieved 2012-11-28.
- Johnston, Rich (2012-10-11). "My Little Pony #1 Sells Over 90,000 Copies". Bleeding Cool. Retrieved 2012-10-12.
- IDW's "My Little Pony" Comic Becomes Best Selling in Company's History. . 2013-01-11. Retrieved 2013-01-13.
- Johnson, Rich (2012-11-07). "My Little Pony #1 Cracks The 100,000 Barrier For First Print, Goes To Second Print". Bleeding Cool News. Retrieved 2012-11-08.
- O'Leary, Shannon (2013-04-12). "'My Little Pony' Leads Kids Comics Charge". Publisher's Weekly. Retrieved 2013-04-12.
- Bowman, Donna (2011-12-23). "Beyond the Top 30: other 2011 TV highlights". The A.V. Club. Retrieved 2011-12-23.
- "The Mane Event". Irish Independent. 2012-01-20. Retrieved 2012-01-21.
- Red Eye w/Greg Gutfeld - June 17, 2011 (television production). Fox News Channel. 2011-06-17.
- Schlichter, Kurt (2012-04-25). "Terrifying New Trend: Grown Men Who Dig 'My Little Pony'". BigHollywood.com. Retrieved 2012-04-30.
- Pollowitz, Greg (2012-04-30). "Mamas Don't Let Your Babies Grow Up to be Bronies". National Review Online. Retrieved 2012-04-30.
- Wegner, Adam (2012-08-24). "Bronies: Why It's Totally Okay for a 20-Something Dude to Love 'My Little Pony'". Zimbio. Retrieved 2012-08-25.
- Orsini, Lauren Rae (2012-10-02). "Jerry Springer interviews bronies about "Outrageous Guilty Pleasures"". The Daily Dot. Retrieved 2012-10-02.
- Eördögh, Fruzsina (2012-12-03). "Trolling Group GNAA Claims "Brony" Culture Was Target of Today's Nasty Attack on Tumblr". Slate. Retrieved 2012-12-03.
- Zimmerman, Neetzan (2013-09-30). "Thirtysomething Father Claims He Was Fired for Being a Brony". Gawker. Retrieved 2013-09-30.
- McGough, Michael (2013-10-05). "A civil rights act for 'My Little Pony' fans?". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2013-10-05.
- Grisham, Lori (2014-03-18). "School bans 9-year-old boy's My Little Pony backpack". USA Today. Retrieved 2014-03-18.
- Bowman, John (2014-03-19). "Bullied boy's My Little Pony bag barred, Bronies #StandWithGrayson". CBC.ca. Retrieved 2014-03-19.
- "NC school tells boy,9, to leave My Little Pony lunch bag at home, report says". Fox News. 2014-03-09. Retrieved 2014-03-17.
- "#StandWithGrayson: Glenn stands in solidarity with a 9-year-old NC student". Glenn Beck. 2014-03-17. Retrieved 2014-03-17.
- Farrow, Ronan (2014-03-18). "Male ‘My Little Pony’ fans unite at Bronycon". MSNBC. Retrieved 2014-03-18.
- Volokh, Eugene (2014-03-17). "Thugs win again — ‘My Little Pony’ edition". Washington Post. Retrieved 2014-03-19.
- Blake, Casey (2014-03-21). "School will allow boy to bring My Little Pony backpack". USA Today. Retrieved 2014-03-21.
- Harris, Randy (2012-05-10). "How to Talk With Your Kids About Pornography". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-06-26.
- Woerner, Meredith (2012-06-26). "Incredibly messed-up short gives My Little Ponys's Pinkie Pie a sex tape". io9. Retrieved 2012-06-26.
- McKinnis, Alexis (2012-07-19). "Alexis on the sexes: I want a pony". Minnesota Star-Tribune. Archived from the original on 2012-09-18. Retrieved 2012-07-19.
- Marcotte, Amanda (2013-06-13). "Triumph of the Bronies: Hasbro Turning My Little Ponies Into Sexy Human Characters. Neigh.". Slate. Retrieved 2013-06-14.
- "'Fiance' of My Little Pony character Twilight Sparkle writes angry letter to risque artist". Metro. 2013-03-24. Retrieved 2013-03-24.
- O'Neal, Sean (2013-03-22). "The Internet finally reaches its apex as man marrying My Little Pony character writes angry email to erotic pony artist". A.V. Club. Retrieved 2013-03-24.
- Angel, Rebecca (2012-10-01). "Adult male My Little Pony fans? Bronies are true rebels". The Guardian. Retrieved 2012-10-02.
- "IDEA CHANNEL: The Bronies Phenomenon". Public Broadcasting Service. 2012-06-06. Retrieved 2012-06-06.
- Romano, Aja (2013-05-15). "Why "My Little Pony" fandom is freaking out over "Equestria Girls"". The Daily Dot. Retrieved 2013-05-30.
- Scotellaro, Shaun (2013-08-11). "MLP Creator Bonnie Zacherle's Thoughts on the Brony Thing". Equestria Daily. Retrieved 2013-08-13.
- Coscarelli, Joe (2011-11-04). "4Chan-Based 'Bronies' Continue Their Media Takeover". New York. Retrieved 2011-11-04.
- Searching for Mr. Right - Mitt Romney & Ohio's Rob Portman. Viacom. 2012-04-18. Retrieved 2012-12-03.
- Burnett, Erin (2012-07-06). "My Little Pony meets the Bronies". CNN. Retrieved 2012-07-12.
- Burnett, Erin (2012-07-09). "Thank you Bronies!". CNN. Retrieved 2012-07-12.
- Gibson, Megan (2011-06-27). "Guess Who's A Fan? Former President Bill Clinton is a 'Brony'". Time. Retrieved 2011-06-27.
- Saenz, Arlette (2011-06-25). "President Bill Clinton Plays 'Not My Job' on Radio Quiz Show". ABC. Retrieved 2011-06-27.
- "Cleveland Fantasy Con". Hot In Cleveland. Season 4. 2013-01-02. TV Land. http://www.tvland.com/video-clips/hot-in-cleveland/elevator-and-bronies. Retrieved 2013-01-02.[dead link]
- Barrett, Grant (2012-01-01). "Which Words Will Live On?". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-01-01.
- Carbone, Nick (2011-12-08). "The Top 10 Everything of 2011". Time. Retrieved 2011-12-08.
- Hubbard, Amy (2011-12-08). "Rebecca Black, planking, My Little Pony: Best memes of 2011". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2011-12-08.
- Bergen, Jennifer (2011-12-14). "Memes Every Techie Should Know". PC Magazine. Retrieved 2011-12-15.
- W.K., Andrew (2012-08-28). "Pony Up". Paper. Retrieved 2012-09-06.
- Soloman, Dan (2012-06-13). "Andrew WK Outlines His Love for My Little Pony". MTV. Retrieved 2012-06-13.
- Grow, Kory (2012-06-13). "Andrew W.K. Is a Brony, and He's Speaking at a My Little Pony Convention". Spin. Retrieved 2012-06-13.
- Rutherford, Kevin (2012-09-29). "Andrew W.K. Feels the Love at 'My Little Pony' Convention". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2012-09-29.
- "My Little War Horse / Tonight Show With Jay Lion-O". Mad. Season 2. Episode 45. 2012-02-13.
- Perlman, Jake (2014-04-12). "'Bob's Burgers': Undercover horse dad to the rescue! -- EXCLUSIVE VIDEO". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 2014-04-12.
- Funk, John (2012-05-17). "My Little Diablo: The Secret Level Is Magic". The Escapist. Retrieved 2012-05-17.
- Fahey, Mike (2012-04-12). "Gabe Newell Just Made My Little Pony Fans Extremely Happy". Kotaku. Retrieved 2012-05-30.
- Fahey, Mike (2012-04-16). "Minecraft Creator Likes My Little Pony, But Not Like That". Kotaku. Retrieved 2012-05-30.
- Fahey, Mike (2012-10-02). "Just When You Thought Snuggle Truck Couldn't Get Any Cuddlier, Enter Brony Mode". Kotaku. Retrieved 2012-10-02.
- O'Conner, Alice (2012-10-09). "Borderlands 2 Mechromancer DLC arrives today". Shacknews. Retrieved 2012-10-09.
- "Ponypause bei den Piraten" (in German). Deutschlandradio. 2011-12-15. Retrieved 2011-12-23.
- ""Anonymous" hackt SPÖ-Homepage (""Anonymous" hacks SPÖ homepage")" (in German). 2011-07-02. Archived from the original on 2011-07-03. Retrieved 2012-06-18.
- "Anonymous kapert WKR-Webseite". Kurier (in German). 2012-05-09. Retrieved 2012-05-22.
- Zetter, Kim (2012-03-09). "Teen Exploits Three Zero-Day Vulns for $60K Win in Google Chrome Hack Contest". Wired. Retrieved 2012-03-09.
- Goodin, Dan (2012-10-10). "Google Chrome exploit fetches "Pinkie Pie" $60,000 hacking prize". Ars Technica. Retrieved 2012-10-10.
- O'Brien, Terrence (2013-05-17). "Hangouts Easter Eggs put dinos and ponies in your chat". Engadget. Retrieved 2013-05-17.
- Lardinoid, Frederic (2013-08-10). "YouTube's Geek Week Easter Eggs Celebrate Missile Command, Star Trek And Bronies". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2013-08-12.
- "Corrections: December 30". The New York Times. 2011-12-30. Retrieved 2012-01-10.
- Dzieza, Josh (2012-01-09). "Best New York Times Corrections Ever: Twilight Sparkle, Orcs & More". The Daily Beast. Retrieved 2012-01-10.
- Beschizza, Rob (2012-01-05). "The best New York Times correction ever". Boing Boing. Retrieved 2012-01-10.
- Silverman, Craig (2012-01-13). "My Little Pony error in N.Y. Times sets online world abuzz". Toronto Star. Retrieved 2012-01-14.
- Stoeffel, Kat (2011-12-29). "A Brony Correction in The New York Times". The New York Observer. Retrieved 2012-01-10.
- Lisheron, Mark (February/March 2012). "Romenesko Roars Back". American Journalism Review. Retrieved 2012-02-23.
- My Little Pony Friendship Is Magic Wiki on Wikia
- Equestria Daily – Friendship Is Magic online community news and fanfiction
- The Brony Study – Survey and analysis of the brony culture