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The bronze-winged woodpecker (Colaptes aeruginosus) a forest flicker endemic to northeast Mexico, from Tamaulipas to northern Veracruz. It was formerly placed in the genus Piculus (Benz et al., 2006). It has been historically treated as a subspecies of golden-olive woodpecker, but genetic data show the Gray-crowned woodpecker to be its closest living relative.
The species inhabits broadleaved, evergreen forest, particularly in montane areas.
The species differs from the golden-olive woodpecker in details of head plumage and the pattern of the underparts. Bronze-winged woodpecker has scalloped underparts, while those of the golden-olive woodpecker are evenly barred.