Bronze Cross (Netherlands)

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Bronze Cross
Bronzen Kruis 1941.jpg
Awarded by Flag of the Netherlands.svg Kingdom of the Netherlands
Type Military award
Eligibility Military Personnel, merchant navy and civilians in the resistance
Awarded for Acts of courage and leadership in the face of the enemy.
Campaign World War II and later campaigns
Status Currently awarded
Description The medal is a bronze cross pattée. A wreath consisting of tendrils of oak and laurel leaves is tied around the royal cypher.
Clasps none; if the cross is awarded again a large Arabic golden figure "2" or "3" is attached to the ribbon.
Statistics
First awarded 11 June 1940
Last awarded On 7 October 2009 to 1st Lt Alex Spanhak for his actions in Afghanistan
Total awarded 3,501
Posthumous
awards
Posthumous awards are possible
Precedence
Next (higher) Resistance Star East Asia
Next (lower) Cross of Merit
Ribbon bar Bronze Cross.jpg
Ribbon bar of the Bronze Cross

The Bronze Cross of the Kingdom of the Netherlands (Dutch: "Het Bronzen Kruis") was instituted on 11 June 1940 by Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands while she was residing in London during the German occupation of the Netherlands. The Bronze Cross has precedence after the Resistance Star East Asia, but is the third highest military decoration still being awarded for bravery.

Several British, American, Canadian and Polish soldiers are among the 3,501 recipients of the Bronze Cross that is awarded by Royal Decree.

External links[edit]

  • Bronze Cross - Official site of the Chancellery of the Netherlands Orders (English)
  • Vereniging DMD - Website of the organization of veterans with the Bronze Cross (Dutch)