|Irish: Achadh Lon|
Lady Brooke Memorial Hall, Brookeborough
Brookeborough shown within Northern Ireland
|Population||517 (2001 Census)|
|Irish grid reference|
|- Belfast||69 miles (111 km)|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||Northern Ireland|
|UK Parliament||Fermanagh and South Tyrone|
|NI Assembly||Fermanagh and South Tyrone|
Brookeborough (//. Irish: Achadh Lon) is a village in County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland. It lies about eleven miles east of Enniskillen, just off the A4 trunk road, and about five miles west of the County Tyrone boundary.
According to the 2001 Census, Brookeborough had a population of 517. The economy is heavily dependent on cattle and sheep farming. The village is in the parish of Aghavea, which is part of the Diocese of Clogher. There are five places of Christian worship; a Catholic church, a Methodist church (built in 1839), an Elim Pentecostal church, a Church of Ireland church and a Baptist church; three public houses; and two primary (elementary) schools.
The Boer War memorial at the head of the town was carved by a local man named Harte in 1901. Behind it is the Lady Brooke Memorial Hall of the same date, a period building preserving all its original features including a clocktower and transverse stained glass window panels.
Before the Plantation of Ulster the area of Brookeborough was known as Achadh Lon (anglicised as Aghalun), the townland in which it lies. It is believed that the Irish name refers to a "field of blackbirds". Aghalun was in the hands of the Maguire Clan until the 1641 rebellion when it was given to the Brooke family. The village was then named after Sir Henry Brooke, who was granted the village in 1666 and settled at Colebrooke Park nearby.
On 1 January 1957, there was a well-known attack on Brookeborough R.U.C. Barracks by the I.R.A. during its 1950s Border Campaign. This attack was led by Seán Garland, and included Seán South and Fergal O'Hanlon, both the subjects of well-known Irish republican ballads, who were shot dead during the attack.
In 2002, the Brookeborough Community Development Association, in conjunction with a similar organisation in Riverstown, County Sligo, Republic of Ireland, launched the Riverbrooke Cross-Border Initiative linking the two villages in a programme of cross-community/cross-border working.
Places of interest
- Colebrooke Park was recently renovated and refurbished by the present Viscount Brookeborough and his wife, Viscountess Brookeborough.
- Memorial to Seán South and Fergal O'Hanlon at Altawalk Cross.
- Brookeborough Railway Station House (Formerly on the Clogher Valley railway)
- John Armstrong - American Congressman and revolutionary
- Field Marshal The 1st Viscount Alanbrooke - Soldier and Chief of the Imperial General Staff during part of World War II
- Sir Basil Brooke, 1st Viscount Brookeborough - Prime Minister of Northern Ireland from 1943 until 1963
- Sir Victor Brooke, 3rd Baronet - Naturalist
- Bobbie Hanvey - Photographer & Radio Broadcaster
- Fergal O'Hanlon- I.R.A. member from County Monaghan, killed in the Brookeborough Raid
- Charitie Lees Smith - Hymn writer
- Seán South- I.R.A. member from Limerick, killed in the Brookeborough Raid
- Sir Evelyn Wrench - Editor of The Spectator
- The Clogher Valley Railway, ran through the village from 1887 (Brookeborough station opened on 2 May 1887) until its closure on 1 January 1942. Its route started in Maguiresbridge, passing through Brookebrough, Fivemiletown, Clogher, Augher, Ballygawley, Aughnacloy before eventually terminating at Tynan near Caledon.
- The main road to Belfast bypassed the village in the mid 1960s.
Brookeborough is classified as a small village or hamlet by the NI Statistics and Research Agency (NISRA) (i.e. with a population of between 500 and 1,000 people). On Census day (29 April 2001) there were 517 people living in Brookeborough. Of these:
- 25.5% were aged under 16 years
- 16.8% were aged 60 and over
- the average age was 34.7 years (NI average age 35.8 years)
- 50.3% of the population were male and 49.7% were female
- 50.2% were from a Catholic community background
- 48.1% were from a Protestant and other Christian
- 8.2% were born outside Northern Ireland
For further details see: NI Neighbourhood Information Service
- In his youth Roy Carroll, the Northern Ireland international goalkeeper, played for the Brookeborough football team.
- The local Gaelic Athletic Association team is known as Brookeborough Heber MacMahon's Gaelic Football Club. It is named after Dr. Heber MacMahon (1600-1650), Bishop of Clogher, a Catholic prelate who was executed during the Irish Confederate Wars. The team has never won honours at Senior Championship level, but has won a number of Junior, Under-age and Intermediate Level competitions.
- List of villages in Northern Ireland
- List of towns in Northern Ireland
- Market Houses in Northern Ireland
- Placenames Database of Ireland: Brookeborough/Achadh Lon
- "Brookeborough station". Railscot - Irish Railways. Retrieved 2007-09-13.
- The Brookeborough Story - Aghalun in Aghavea Ed. Jack Johnston.
- Culture Northern Ireland
- Brookeborough Heber McMahon's GFC
- Brookeborough Railway Station
- List of townlands in Aghavea parish
- Social & Economic Information
- Aghavea Parish Church