Brookesia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Not to be confused with Brooksia, a genus of fungi, or Brookea, a genus of flowering plants in family Plantaginaceae
Brookesia
Brookesia.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Sauria
Family: Chamaeleonidae
Genus: Brookesia
Gray, 1864

Brookesia is a genus of chameleons endemic to Madagascar, that range from small to very small in size, and are known collectively as leaf chameleons (though this name also commonly is used for species in the genera Rieppeleon and Rhampholeon). Brookesia includes species considered to be the world's smallest chameleons which are also among the smallest reptiles. Members of the genus Brookesia are largely brown and most are essentially terrestrial. A significant percentage of the species in the genus were only identified to science within the last three decades, and a number of species that still have not received a scientific name are known to exist. Most inhabit very small ranges in areas that are difficult to access, and due to their small size and secretive nature, they have been relatively poorly studied compared to their larger relatives.

Etymology[edit]

The generic name, Brookesia, is in honor of British naturalist Joshua Brookes.[1]

Conservation status[edit]

Most Brookesia are on CITES Appendix II, the only exception being B. perarmata on Appendix I (a species also listed as endangered by IUCN). Consequently, a special permit is required to import any of the below species from their native Madagascar, and typically no permit is issued for B. perarmata.

Species[edit]

Brookesia desperata with two recently laid eggs.

The 30 currently recognized species in the genus are:[2]

Nota bene: A binomial authority in parentheses indicates that the species was originally described in a genus other than Brookesia.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Beolens B, Watkins M, Grayson M. 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. (Genus Brookesia, p. 40).
  2. ^ The Reptile Database. www.reptile-database.org
  3. ^ a b c d Glaw, F.; Köhler, J. R.; Townsend, T. M.; Vences, M. (2012). "Rivaling the World's Smallest Reptiles: Discovery of Miniaturized and Microendemic New Species of Leaf Chameleons (Brookesia) from Northern Madagascar". In Salamin, Nicolas. PLoS ONE 7 (2): e31314. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0031314. PMC 3279364. PMID 22348069.  edit open access publication - free to read

Further reading[edit]

  • Gray JE. 1864. Revision of the Genera and Species of Chamæleonidæ, with the Description of some New Species. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1864: 465-477 + Plates XXXI & XXXII. (Brookesia, new genus, pp. 476-477).

External links[edit]