Brookgreen Gardens

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Brookgreen Gardens
Fighting Stallions.JPG
Fighting Stallions - by Anna Hyatt Huntington at garden park entrance.
Nearest city Murrells Inlet, South Carolina, U.S.
Coordinates 33°31′14″N 79°5′59″W / 33.52056°N 79.09972°W / 33.52056; -79.09972Coordinates: 33°31′14″N 79°5′59″W / 33.52056°N 79.09972°W / 33.52056; -79.09972
Area 9,100 acres (37 km2)[2]
Architect Anna Hyatt Huntington
Architectural style Sculpture gardens
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 78002510[1]
Added to NRHP April 15, 1978
Goddess Diana hunting

Brookgreen Gardens is a sculpture garden and wildlife preserve, located just south of Murrells Inlet, in South Carolina. The 9,100-acre (37 km2) property includes several themed gardens with American figurative sculptures placed in them, the Lowcountry Zoo, and trails through several ecosystems in nature reserves on the property. It was founded by Archer Milton Huntington, stepson of railroad magnate Collis Potter Huntington, and his wife Anna Hyatt Huntington to feature sculptures by Anna and her sister Harriet Hyatt along with other American sculptors. Brookgreen Gardens was opened in 1932, and is built on four former rice plantations, taking its name from the former Brookgreen Plantation.[3]

Early history[edit]

Originally, what is now Brookgreen Gardens was four rice plantations. The plantations from south to north were The Oaks, Brookgreen, Springfield, and Laurel Hill. The current gardens and surrounding facilities lie completely on the former Brookgreen Plantation, which was owned by Joshua John Ward, the largest American slaveholder. [4]

Only a handful of relics survive on the former plantations. The Alston (or Allston) cemetery survives on the grounds of The Oaks plantation. Gov. James Alston and his child are buried in the cemetery. The same grave is a memorial to the governor's wife Theodosia Burr Alston, daughter of Vice President Aaron Burr, who was lost at sea. Her ghost is said to haunt the Grand Strand, looking for her father. The rice mill at Laurel Hill is all that remains of the plantation today. During the American Civil War, Confederates built an earthen structure on the grounds to block Union ships from coming into the tidal rivers.

The Huntingtons history[edit]

It is the creation of Archer and Anna Hyatt Huntington of Connecticut, who purchased four plantations to open the garden to showcase her sculptures. Situated on Waccamaw Neck in Georgetown County, South Carolina between the Waccamaw River and the Atlantic coast, it is the country's first public sculpture garden and has the largest collection of figurative sculpture by American artists in an outdoor setting in the world. It is also a nature and historical preserve with a small zoo, and a nature exhibition center.

Archer and Anna Hyatt Huntington first visited the property in 1929. Because they were captivated by the beauty of it, they purchased nearly 9,100 acres (37 km2) of forest, swamp, rice fields and beachfront. They intended to establish a winter home on the Atlantic, but Anna saw the potential of the property and they quickly began to develop her vision of making it the showcase for her sculptures. Archer, stepson of philanthropist Collis Huntington, and Anna have donated property and contributed much to U.S. arts and culture in a number of states. Her sculpture of Joan of Arc is a feature of New York City's Riverside Park.

The 'Faun' by Leo Lentelli, in the 'Tortoise Fountain' by Janet Scudder.
'Diana' sculpture in garden fountain setting.
Brookgreen Gardens, with old gate and sculpture.
'Dionysus' - by Edward Francis McCartan

Public landmark[edit]

Sculpture gardens[edit]

About 1444 works of American figurative sculpture are displayed at the Archer and Anna Hyatt Huntington Sculpture Garden. Many of the works are creations of sculptress Hyatt Huntington, but other artists are also featured. Walkways and garden paths link the sculptures in their distinctive garden, fountain, or landscape settings, with vistas of the scenery surrounding them.

Brookgreen Gardens was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1978.[1] The sculpture garden portion, 551 acres (2.23 km2), of Brookgreen Gardens was included in the designation of Atalaya and Brookgreen Gardens as a National Historic Landmark in 1984.[5][6] Atalaya Castle is just across U.S. 17 which cuts through the former combined Huntington property.

Zoo and Plantation sites[edit]

The Lowcountry Zoo and the Lowcountry Center are also on the property. This is where 'trekker tours' are launched into the backroads of the former plantations. Recent Archeological efforts have unearthed the foundations of several buildings at 'The Oaks' plantation. Ponds have been created from the former 'Brookgreen' plantation house sites.

Natural areas[edit]

The Atlantic Coast side was later leased[citation needed] to South Carolina to form Huntington Beach State Park. There are boat tours with views of Sandy Island and a self-guided tour nature trail to show off the 2000 identified species of life, including majestic longleaf pines, Spanish moss draped live oaks, and vistas of the river and nearby marshland. The gardens make every effort to preserve the natural environment.

Awards and recognitions[edit]

  • Top 10 Public Gardens in the US by Coastal Living Magazine [7]

See also[edit]

Photo gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23. 
  2. ^ "gardens". brookgreen.org. Brookgreen Gardens. Retrieved June 12, 2012. 
  3. ^ Salmon, Robin R. (2006). Brookgreen Gardens. Charleston, SC: Arcadia. ISBN 0738542946. 
  4. ^ "THE SIXTEEN LARGEST AMERICAN SLAVEHOLDERS FROM 1860 SLAVE CENSUS SCHEDULES". ancestry.com. 
  5. ^ "Atalaya and Brookgreen Gardens". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-02-15. 
  6. ^ Jill S. Mesirow and Page Putnam Miller (April 15, 1992). National Historic Landmark Nomination: Atalaya and Brookgreen Gardens (PDF). National Park Service. Retrieved 2009-06-22.  and Accompanying 26 photos, exterior and interior, from 1992 PDF (2.63 MB)
  7. ^ Millburg, Steve. "Top 10 public gardens". Coastal Living Magazine. 

External links[edit]