Brooklyn Fire Headquarters
|Brooklyn Fire Headquarters|
Brooklyn Fire Headquarters, c. 1910
|Alternative names||Old Brooklyn Fire Headquarters|
|Type||Originally a fire station, now residential apartments|
|Architectural style||Richardsonian Romanesque|
|Address||365-367 Jay St., Brooklyn|
|Design and construction|
Old Brooklyn Fire Headquarters
|Location||365--367 Jay St., New York, New York|
|Area||less than one acre|
|NRHP Reference #||72000854|
|Added to NRHP||January 20, 1972|
The Brooklyn Fire Headquarters, also known as Old Brooklyn Fire Headquarters, is a historic building in Brooklyn, New York. Designed by Frank Freeman and built in 1892, it was used as a fire station until the 1970s, after which it was converted into housing apartments. The building, described as "one of New York's best and most striking architectural compositions", was made a New York City landmark in 1966, and listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1972.
Around 1890, the Brooklyn Fire Department began planning for the construction of a new fire station headquarters with a tall lookout tower. A plot of land was eventually purchased for the purpose on Jay Street, adjacent to the quarters of Engine Company 17, for $15,000. At this point, a dispute arose as to the choice of architect. Fire Commissioner John Ennis favored a protégé of local Democratic Party leader Hugh "Boss" McLaughlin, but the city works commissioner, John P. Adams, preferred another firm. Eventually, a compromise candidate was selected—Frank Freeman, a leading exponent of the Richardsonian Romanesque style, who had recently completed the Thomas Jefferson Association Building for the Kings County Democrats.
The new fire station was completed in 1892, although the fire department did not occupy the building until March 1894. Though originally intended as the department's headquarters, it served in this role for only six years, when the City of Brooklyn was incorporated as a borough into the City of New York, after which the building became "simply, the most splendid neighborhood firehouse in Greater New York."
The building was retained as a firehouse by the New York City Fire Department until the 1970s, serving as the home of various units including Ladder 110 and 118, Engine 207, and from 1947 to 1971, Battalion 31. In the 1930s, it also served as the HQ of Searchlight 2, a unit which utilized a Packard sedan modified to carry searchlights, in an era before fire engines were fitted with their own searchlights. In 1966, the building was designated as a New York City landmark, and in 1972, it was listed as an historic building on the National Register of Historic Places.
After the Fire Department vacated the premises, it was leased for a time by Polytechnic University. In 1987, the Board of Estimates proposed a conversion of the then-vacant building into 18 apartments for low-income and elderly people, a plan that was met with considerable resistance in some quarters. However, the conversion subsequently went ahead, partly on the grounds that continued use would prevent it from falling into decay. Regardless, the building as of 2009 was said to have developed a "musty, neglected air" and to be in need of maintenance, with parts of its roofing having disintegrated.
The Brooklyn Fire Headquarters has received high praise from critics. The Landmark Preservation Commission's designation report described it as "one of New York's best and most striking architectural compositions" and "one of the finest buildings in Brooklyn." Architecture critic Francis Morrone has characterized it as "simply, the most splendid neighborhood firehouse in Greater New York." The "exuberant and lusty" design is widely considered to be a masterpiece of the Richardsonian Romanesque style.
The firehouse consists of a five-story building and an adjacent seven-story watchtower. These two elements are separated by a slender, semicircular turret with a conical roof which rises the full height of the building, while two similar turrets on each wing lend the facade a strong sense of unity. On the ground floor, serving as the main entrance, is "one of the boldest and most mellifluously carved arches" in Brooklyn, through which the fire engines once drove. A second, receding arch is located on the opposite side of the building, high in the tower. Decorative studs above the tower arch and cylindrical holes around the tops of the turrets enhance the overall sense of boldness. The building is constructed of granite with red sandstone trim, orange brick and terra cotta, while the pyramidal roof is tiled in red and trimmed with copper. The overall color scheme has been characterized as "both subtle and ingenious."
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13.
- Gray, Christopher: "Civic Ambition, and Politics, on Jay Street", The New York Times, 2006-04-16.
- Morrone and Iska, pp. 22-23.
- Schneiderman, pp. 31-32.
- "Old Brooklyn Fire Headquarters", Landmarks Preservation Commission report, Neighborhood Preservation Center website.
- "Old Brooklyn Fire Headquarters", nationalregisterofhistoricplaces.com.
- "Plan to Alter Firehouse Is Debated in Brooklyn", The New York Times, 1987-09-06.
- "Walkabout: Favorite Brooklyn Buildings - Reader's Choices", brownstoner.com, 2009-12-10.
- Lopate, Phillip: "New York, Brick by Brick", The New York Times, 2000-06-18.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Brooklyn Fire Headquarters.|
- Morrone, Francis; Iska, James (2001): An Architectural Guidebook to Brooklyn, Gibbs Smith, ISBN 978-1-58685-047-0.
- Schneiderman, Joseph (2002): The Firefighting Buff's Guide To New York City: The Five Borough, Five Alarm Reference To The Second Homes of New York's Bravest, IUniverse, pp. 31–32, ISBN 978-0-595-24602-1.