Brooklyn Technical High School

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Brooklyn Technical High School
Bthslogo.JPG
Address
29 Fort Greene Place
Brooklyn, New York, United States
Coordinates 40°41′20″N 73°58′37″W / 40.68889°N 73.97694°W / 40.68889; -73.97694Coordinates: 40°41′20″N 73°58′37″W / 40.68889°N 73.97694°W / 40.68889; -73.97694
Information
Type Public, Magnet, Specialized
Established 1912; 102 years ago (1912)
Founder Dr. Albert L. Colston
School board New York City Public Schools
School number 430
Principal Randy Asher
Faculty 227[1]
Grades 912
Enrollment 5,407[2]
Color(s) Blue      and white     
Mascot Engineer
Nickname "Brooklyn Tech"; "Tech"
Newspaper The Survey (official) / BTHSnews (student) [3]
Yearbook The Blueprint
Website

Brooklyn Technical High School, commonly called Brooklyn Tech, and administratively designated as High School 430, is a New York City public high school that specializes in engineering, math and science and is the largest specialized high school for science, technology, engineering, and mathematics in the United States.[4] It is one of the most prestigious and selective high schools in the United States.[5]

Together with Stuyvesant High School and Bronx High School of Science, it is one of three original specialized science high schools, operated by the New York City Department of Education, all three of which were cited by The Washington Post in 2006 as among the best magnet schools in the United States (a category the school is often placed in, though its founding pre-dates the concept of "magnet school" and whose intended purpose was not the same).[6] Admission is by competitive examination though, as a public school, there is no tuition fee and only residents of the City of New York are eligible to attend.[7]

Brooklyn Tech is a founding member of the National Consortium for Specialized Secondary Schools of Mathematics, Science and Technology. Brooklyn Tech is noted for its famous alumni[8] (including two Nobel Laureates), its academics, and the large number of graduates attending prestigious universities. Routinely, more than 98% of its graduates are accepted to four-year colleges[9] with the 2007 graduating class being offered more than $1,250,000 in scholarships and grants.[10] It appears as #63 in the 2009 ranking of the annual U.S. News & World Report "Best High Schools" list.[11] In 2011, Brooklyn Tech was ranked by U.S. News & World Report among the top 50 of the nation’s Best High Schools for Mathematics and Science.[12]

Building and facilities[edit]

Brooklyn Tech as seen from Ashland Place in Fort Greene
From the corner of Dekalb Avenue and Fort Greene Place
The radio transmitting antenna atop the school

The school, built on its present site from 1930-33 at a cost of $6 million, is 12 stories high, and covers over half a city block. Brooklyn Technical High School is directly across the street from Fort Greene Park. Facilities at BTHS include:

  • Gymnasia on the first and eighth floors, with a mezzanine running track above the larger first floor gym and a weight room on the third floor boys locker room. The eighth floor gym had a bowling alley lane and an adjacent wire-mesh enclosed rooftop sometimes used for handball and for tennis practice.
  • 25-yard swimming pool
  • Wood, machine, sheet metal and other specialized shops. A program involves a shop where an actual house is built and framed by students. Most have been converted into normal classrooms or computer labs, except for a few robotics shop.
  • Foundry on the seventh floor, with a floor of molding sand used for creating sand casting molds and equipped with furnaces, kilns, ovens and ancillary equipment for metal smelting. Students made wooden patterns in pattern making which were used to make sand molds which were cast in the foundry and machined to specification in the machine shops. It was closed during the 1990s.[citation needed] The foundry complemented a mandatory course titled "Industrial Processes" which emphasized metallurgy and "how industry functions".
  • Materials testing lab, used during the basic materials science (Strength of Materials) class. Included industrial capacity Universal Testing Machine and brinell hardness tester and polishing and microscopic examination rooms. During the 1960s, students attended "inspection training shop" and were taught to use X-ray analysis to detect metal fatigue failures, use of vernier measuring instruments, micrometers, and go-no-go gauges.
  • Aeronautical lab, featuring a large wind tunnel, During the 1960s, a T-6 Texan U.S. Air Force surplus aircraft in the building was used for student aeronautical mechanic instruction.
  • Radio studio and 18,000 watt transmitter licensed by the Federal Communications Commission as WNYE (FM). The studio has not been used since the 1980s.
  • 3,100-seat auditorium, with two balconies — 2nd largest auditorium in all of New York City (after Radio City Music Hall)[13]
  • Recital hall
  • Drafting, both pencil and ink technical drawing and freehand drawing rooms
  • Library with fireplaces
  • Football field on Fulton and Clermont Streets. The Football Field, named in honor of Brooklyn Tech Alumnus Charles Wang, was opened in 2001, with the home opener played October 6, 2001, against DeWitt Clinton High School.[14]
  • Access to Fort Greene Park for outdoor track, tennis, etc.
  • Mock courtroom for use by the Law & Society major and the Mock Trial Team.
  • A 456-foot (139 m)-tall rooftop broadcasting antenna, when added to the height of the building itself (145 ft), makes Brooklyn Tech the borough's tallest structure, at 597 feet (182 m) high.[15] It is 7 feet (2.1 m) taller than Brooklyn's tallest building, 388 Bridge Street,[16] which stands at 590 ft.
  • In 1934, the Public Works of Art Project (PWAP), which later became the Works Projects Administration (WPA), commissioned artist Maxwell B. Starr to paint a mural in the foyer depicting the evolution of man and science throughout history.
  • Brooklyn Tech's founder and first principal, Dr. Albert L. Colston, had an apartment built for himself in the tower of the building, and was the only person to live at Brooklyn Tech.[citation needed]

History[edit]

Original plan[edit]

In 1918, Dr. Albert L. Colston, chair of the Math Department at Manual Training High School, recommended establishing a technical high school for Brooklyn boys. His plan envisioned a heavy concentration of math, science, and drafting courses with parallel paths leading either to college or to a technical career in industry. By 1922, Dr. Colston's concept was approved by the Board of Education, and Brooklyn Technical High School opened in a converted warehouse at 49 Flatbush Avenue Extension, with 2,400 students. This location, in the shadow of the Manhattan Bridge, is the reason the school seal bears that bridge's image, rather than the more obvious symbol for the borough, the Brooklyn Bridge. Brooklyn Tech would occupy one more location before settling into its site at 29 Fort Greene Place, for which the groundbreaking was held in 1930.[17]

Early academics[edit]

Atypical for American high schools, Brooklyn Tech uses a system of college-style majors. The curriculum consists of two years of general studies with a technical and engineering emphasis, followed by two years of a student-chosen major.

The curriculum remained largely unchanged until the end of Dr. Colston's 20-year term as principal in 1942. Upon his retirement, Tech was led briefly by acting principal Ralph Breiling, who was succeeded by Principal Harold Taylor in 1944. Tech's modernization would come under Principal William Pabst, who assumed stewardship in 1946 after serving as chair of the Electrical Department. Pabst created new majors and refined older ones, allowing students to select science and engineering preparatory majors including Aeronautical, Architecture, Chemical, Civil, Electrical (later including Electronics and Broadcast), Industrial Design, Mechanical, Structural, and Arts and Sciences. A general College Preparatory curriculum, would be added later.

1960s[edit]

Principal Pabst retired in 1964. A railroad club was established by the late Vincent Gorman, a social studies teacher, and students attended fan trips, tours of rail repair facilities and participated in the restoration of steam engine #103 and a historic rail passenger car at the former Empire State Railroad Museum. In August 1965, a ten-year-old boy named Carl Johnson drowned in the swimming pool at Brooklyn Tech while swimming with his day-camp group.[citation needed] The next year, more than 30 graduating Seniors in the school (including many student leaders) complained that Tech's curriculum was old and outdated. Their primary complaint was that the curriculum was geared toward the small minority of students who were not planning on attending college.[citation needed] In 1967 the schools of New York City got to view television in the classrooms for the first time, thanks to the station WNYE-TV, then located in the transmitter center on top of Brooklyn Tech.

1970s[edit]

For the school year beginning in the last half of 1970, females began attending;[18] all three NYC specialized and test-required science high schools were now coeducational.

New York City specialized high schools[edit]

In 1972, Brooklyn Tech, Bronx Science, Stuyvesant High School, and High School for Performing Arts become incorporated by the New York State Legislature as specialized high schools of New York City. The act called for a uniform exam to be administered for admission to Brooklyn Tech, Bronx Science, and Stuyvesant. The exam would become known as the Specialized High Schools Admissions Test (SHSAT) and tested students in math and English. With its statewide recognition, the school had to become co-educational.

In 1973, Tech celebrated its 50th anniversary with a dinner-dance at the Waldorf Astoria. To further commemorate the anniversary, a monument was erected, with a time capsule beneath it, in the north courtyard. The monument has eight panels, each with a unique design representing each of Tech's eight majors at that point.[citation needed] In 1976, the school added the Graphic Communications major.[citation needed]

In 1983, Matt Mandery's appointment as principal made him the first Tech alumnus to hold that position.[citation needed] The following year, Tech received the Excellence in Education award from the U.S. Department of Education.[citation needed] The Alumni Association was formally created during this time,[citation needed] and coalitions were formed with the New York City Department of Transportation.[citation needed] Mandery oversaw the addition of a Bio-Medical major to the curriculum. John Tobin followed as principal in 1987 and abolished the Materials Science department and closing the seventh-floor foundry.[citation needed]

In the mid-1980s, a violent street gang known as the Decepticons (gang) were founded at Brooklyn Tech.[19][20] As well, in 2000, the city issued a special report concerning the lack of notification to law enforcement during a string of robberies within the high school, including armed robbery with knives and stun guns.[21]

The Brooklyn Tech Cheerleading Squad appeared in the 1988 Spike Lee film School Daze,[22] and a video for the movie, entitled "Da Butt", was shot at Brooklyn Tech.[23][24] Lee also used the first floor gymnasium as a shooting location for Jesus Shuttlesworth's, played by Ray Allen, Sportscenter preview in He Got Game.[citation needed]

Endowment[edit]

In March 1998, an alumni group led by Leonard Riggio, class of 1958, announced plans for a fund-raising campaign to raise $10 million to support their alma mater financially through facilities upgrades, establishment of curriculum enhancements, faculty training, and a university-type endowment.[25] The endowment fundraiser, the first of its kind for an American public school, received front-page attention in The New York Times and sparked a friendly competition amongst the specialized high schools, with both Bronx Science and Stuyvesant announcing their own $10 million campaigns within weeks of the Brooklyn Tech announcement. In November 2005, the Brooklyn Tech Alumni Association announced the completion of the fundraising phase of what they had termed the Campaign for Brooklyn Tech.[26] In April 2008, the Brooklyn Tech Alumni Foundation launched a second endowment campaign.[27]

Lee McCaskill controversy[edit]

Dr. Lee D. McCaskill, appointed principal in 1992, served for 14 years, during which Tech saw the installation of more computer classrooms and the switch from traditional mechanical drawing by hand to teaching the use of computer-aided design programs. McCaskill also presided over the elimination of long-standing hallmark academic concentrations at Tech such as aerospace engineering.

In 2003, The New York Times published an investigative article that noted "longstanding tensions" between the faculty and Principal McCaskill, "spilled into the open in October, with news reports that several teachers accused him of repeatedly sending sexually explicit e-mail messages from his school computer to staff members".[28] The article described the principal as autocratic, controlling the school "largely through fear and intimidation", and documented acts of personal vindictiveness toward teachers; severe censorship of the student newspaper and of assigned English texts, including the refusal to let the Pulitzer Prize-finalist novel Continental Drift by Russell Banks be used for a class; and of bureaucratic mismanagement. The article also quoted praise from McCaskill's supervising superintendent, Reyes Irizarry, who cited the principal's expansion of music and sports programs.

A follow-up column in 2004[29] found the situation had worsened due to increased teacher exodus, and documented Principal McCaskill's campaign against Alice Alcala, described as one of the city's leading Shakespeare teachers. Alcala had won Brooklyn Tech a $10,000 grant and brought in the Royal National Theatre of Great Britain for student workshops. "When [McCaskill] tried killing her Shakespeare program", the Times wrote, "she went over his head to the central administration and got it reinstated. The day after she was quoted in news articles criticizing McCaskill, she received an unsatisfactory classroom observation rating for the first time in 28 years of teaching. She was repeatedly denied access to the auditorium and in June, got an unsatisfactory for the year." Alcala left for Manhattan's Murry Bergtraum High School, where she shortly thereafter brought in $1,800 in grants for Shakespeare education, while at Brooklyn Tech, the article reported, there was no longer any course solely devoted to Shakespeare.

2005 articles in the New York Daily News[30] and New York Teacher[31] note that a $10,000 grant obtained by Dr. Sylvia Weinberger in 2001 to refurbish the obsolete radio room remained unused. New classroom computers were covered in plastic rather than installed because the classrooms had yet to be wired for them.

In 2000, the Special Commissioner of Investigation for the NYC School District wrote a report condemning Brooklyn Technical High School administrators for failing to report several armed robberies that took place in the bathrooms and stairwells.[32]

The Office of Special Investigations of the New York City Department of Education launched an investigation of McCaskill on February 2, 2006, concerning unpaid enrollment of New Jersey resident McCaskill's daughter in New York City public school, which is illegal for non-residents of the city. On February 6, McCaskill announced his resignation from Brooklyn Tech and agreed to pay $19,441 in restitution.[citation needed] After retiring from Brooklyn Tech, McCaskill became principal of Hillside High School in New Jersey, where In 2013, he resigned following accusations he spanked a female student.[33]

On February 7, 2006, the Department of Education named Randy Asher, founding principal of the High School for Math, Science and Engineering (HSMSE), as interim acting principal.[34] Mr. Asher had previously served as Tech's assistant principal in mathematics from 2000-2002 before leaving to become founding principal of HSMSE.

Special commissioner Richard J. Condon rebuked the Department of Education a week later for allowing McCaskill to retire, still collecting $125,282 in accrued vacation time, just days before the OSI completed its investigation. Condon also recommended that Cathy Furman McCaskill, the principal's wife, be dismissed from her position as a teacher at Boys and Girls High School in Brooklyn for her part in submitting fake leases and other fraudulent documents to indicate the family lived in the Cobble Hill section of Brooklyn.[35][36] The next day, the Department of Education announced it would move to fire her.[37]

Tech in the 21st century[edit]

Since 2001, Brooklyn Tech has undergone such refurbishing as the renovation of the school's William L. Mack Library entrance, located on the fifth-floor center section. As well, two computer labs were added. The school also reinstated a class devoted to the study of Shakespeare, which students can elect to take in their senior year.

Tech uses a college-style system of majors, unusual for an American high school. As of June 2008, majors include:[38]

  • Aerospace Engineering: Students take AP Physics B, and Astronomy/astrophysics junior year. AP Physics C, PLTW Aerospace Engineering, and aeronautics (flight school) senior year.
  • Architectural Engineering: Students take Project Lead the Way Civil Engineering & Architecture and Construction Documents junior year. Structural design, Senior Design Studio, and Building Construction during senior year.
  • Biochemistry (Gateway to Medicine Program/PULSE)(Exclusive to students who apply before freshman year) Students take Biology and Chemistry with Humanities in freshman year. In Sophomore year, AP World, and AP Chemistry are taken. Advanced Health is also given. AP Biology is taken in junior year with Physics. Organic Chemistry, Genetics, and Forensics with Economics is taken in Senior Year.
  • Biological Sciences (Bio-Sci): Students take AP Biology junior year. Genetics, Anatomy, and Organic Chemistry senior year. Formerly known as Bio-Medical Sciences.
  • Biomedical Engineering (Bio-Med): Students take AP Biology junior year. Genetics, Anatomy, and Biotechnical Engineering senior year.
  • Chemical Engineering (Chem): Students take Advanced Placement Chemistry junior year. Quantitative analysis and Organic chemistry senior year. Students take Quantitative analysis the Fall term, then Organic chemistry during the Spring Term, or vice versa. Both classes are intensive triple periods.
  • Civil Engineering (Civil): Students take Project Lead the Way Civil Engineering & Architecture and Surveying junior year. Structural design and Senior Design Studio senior year. Civil Engineering Senior Design Studio is different from Architecture Senior Design Studio.
  • College Prep: A selection of AP Physics, AP Chemistry, AP Biology, AP Human Geography or AP Spanish, French, Italian or Chinese. Juniors take Principles of Engineering. Seniors either take two AP courses and one PLTW class or one AP course and two PLTW classes.
  • Software Engineering (Comp-Sci): Previously, students would take one semester of A+ certification, one semester of Web design (HTML, CSS, and JavaScript), and two semesters of AP Computer Science (Java) junior year. Database Design, a double period of Project Lead the Way Digital Electronics one term, then a double period of C++/video game design for another term senior year. Previously called Computer Science Technology, the major has been renamed to Software Engineering for the start of the 2011-2012 school year. The major will now be more oriented towards programming than hardware. As a result, A+ certification has been removed from the major's curriculum. Classes have been arranged so that students will now take an Oracle Academy Database Development class and an Intro to Programming through Web Development class in Junior Year. The Database Development class is composed of two levels which will be split between Junior Year and Senior Year. Web Design (Intro to Programming through Web Development) will remain, covering the languages HTML, Cascading Style Sheets (CSS), Javascript, and PHP. AP Computer Science (Java) will be taken in Senior Year along with Level 2 of the Database Development class. Programming for the Android OS has been included into the curriculum and will have its premiere in the 2011-2012 class year. Knowledge obtained from the AP Computer Science (Java) class will be put to use as the students will write and develop applications for Google's Android Operation System. This new arrangement of classes will push the AP Computer Science (Java) class into Senior Year with Programming for the Android OS and the next installment of the Database Development class, allowing students to better focus on the variety of computer languages in Junior Year, without the pressure of an additional AP class.
  • Electrical Engineering and Mechanical Engineering, also formerly known as Applied Physics or Electromechanical Engineering. Electromechanical Engineering has been changed to two different majors, Electrical Engineering and Mechanical Engineering, starting in the 2011-2012 school year. It has been renamed Electro-mechanical major (again) in Spring 2013. Students take AP Physics B and Project Lead the Way Principles of Engineering junior year. AP Physics C: Electricity and Magnetism, Project Lead the Way Digital Electronics, and Robotics during senior year.
  • Environmental Science Research: Students take AP Environmental Science junior year, as well as the Cambridge Capstone Seminar Course offered by the College Board. In their senior year, they take a combination of AP Biology, AP Human Geography, and the Cambridge Capstone Research Course offered by the College Board.[39]
  • Industrial Design (ID): Students take two-dimensional and three-dimensional Design and Drawing and Product Design junior year, and AP Art History senior year.
  • Law and Society: Formerly Technology and Liberal Arts. Students take AP United States History, AP United States Government and Politics, and Constitutional Law junior year. Criminal Procedure, Civil Law, Forensic Criminology, Ethics,and Criminal Law.
  • International Arts & Sciences: Students take PLTW Principles of Engineering and any AP elective of their choosing junior year. A PLTW Elective and any two AP electives of their choosing senior year. Students in IAS are required to earn an Advanced Placement International Diploma.
  • Mathematics: Students take Math Analysis and Math Research junior year. Math Analysis, AP Calculus BC, Discrete mathematics, and Linear algebra senior year. Math Analysis is a class for participation in the school Math team. AP Calculus BC is a double period. It is formerly known as the Math Science Institute (MSI).
  • Media Communications (Media): Students take Graphic Design, Drawing, and Digital Photography junior year. Web Design, Adobe Flash, Film Production, and Animation senior year.
  • Social Science Research (SSR): Students take Social Science Research junior year. AP Psychology, Anthropology, and Sociology senior year. Students also have a choice of continuing Social Science Research or mentoring junior students in junior year Social Science Research.

Students apply for majors in sophomore year, and take ten semesters of major classes throughout junior and senior year. Tech also has a Bio-Chemistry major as part of its "Gateway to Medicine" program, to which, unlike the other majors, students apply to as incoming freshmen. Gateway to Medicine is the only 4 year major at Tech. All Advanced Placement science courses are taught as double periods to accommodate the large lab requirement.

Extracurricular activities[edit]

Brooklyn Tech fields 30 junior-varsity and varsity teams in the Public School Athletic League (PSAL). The school's historic team name has been the Engineers. The school colors are navy, blue and white. The school's more than 100 organizations include the Brooklyn Tech Amateur Radio Club (club station call sign W2CXN), Civil Air Patrol Brooklyn Tech Cadet Squadron, chess,[40] debate, football, wrestling, forensics (speech), hockey, mock trial, robotics, and rowing[41] teams and clubs, and a news website, BTHSNews.org.[3] Tech also has an award-winning literary art journal, Horizons, for those who want to express themselves through art, poetry, photography, and prose. The Model United Nations provides students with a venue for discussing foreign affairs. Other clubs cater to a wide range of topics such as anime, the Stock Market, Dance Dance Revolution, ultimate Frisbee, politics, quilting, fashion, debate, which offers both Lincoln Douglas And Policy, table tennis and animal rights. The cheerleading squad is named the Enginettes. S.I.N.G. is an annual tradition that pits seniors against juniors against freshmen and sophomores in a competition to create the best student-produced play. In 2012, Tech students created a Junior State of America Chapter at their school. Additionally, Tech students put on a musical each spring. Brooklyn Tech has also started its own student union, to address issues on a student level. Tech also has a variety of community service clubs, such as Key Club, Red Cross Club, and BETA. Brooklyn Tech's Muslim Student Association has also participated in the Muslim Interscholastic Tournament as Tech Taqwa since 2011 and has won 3rd place in 2012.

There are two step teams, Lady Dragons and Organized C.H.A.O.S.

The school has a Coordinator of Student Activities (COSA).

Beginning with the class of 2010, each student must meet the following requirements by the end of their senior year to receive a Brooklyn Technical High School diploma:

I. A minimum of 50 hours of community service outside of the school or through specified club activities.

II. A minimum of 32 service credits earned through participation in Tech clubs, teams, and/or participation in designated school related events.

A. Service Credits are earned as follows: 1. 8 service credits per term to all students in BETA, NHS, JSA, Student Government, student productions, stageworks, cheerleading, and PSAL teams. 2. 6 service credits per term to all students participating student leadership, who work on office squads, or compete in non-PSAL teams. 3. 4 service credits per term to all students who participate in all other clubs not referred to above. 4. 2 service credits for participation in specified school events

Awards and honors[edit]

Brooklyn Tech appears as #63 in the 2010 ranking of the annual U.S. News & World Report "Best High Schools" list.[11] Newsweek in 2008 listed Brooklyn Tech among five public high schools that were not in the magazine's 13 "Public Elite" ranking, explaining, "Newsweek 's Challenge Index is designed to recognize schools that challenge average students, and not magnet or charter schools that draw only the best students in their areas. These [...] were excluded from the list of top high schools because [...] their sky-high SAT and ACT scores indicate they have few or no average students".[42] In 2014 the Brooklyn Tech FIRST robotics team (The TechKnights - Team 334) won the New York Regional Tournament (as well as the Creativity award).[43]

Notable alumni[edit]

Hall of Fame inductees[8] listed separately at end, by year. Inductions held 1998-2000, 2003, and 2005.

Enrollment[edit]

Admission to Brooklyn Tech is based exclusively on an entrance examination, known as the Specialized High Schools Admissions Test (SHSAT), open to all eighth and ninth grade New York City students. The test covers math (word problems and computation) and verbal (reading comprehension, logical reasoning, unscrambling paragraphs) skills. Out of the approximately 30,000 students taking the entrance examination for the September 2011 admission round, (with 23,085 students listing Brooklyn Tech as a choice on their application), about 1,951 offers were made (the most out of any of the specialized high schools, partly due to its size), making for an acceptance rate of 8.5%.[50][51]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ New York City Dept. of Education 2004–2005 Annual School Report: Brooklyn Technical High School
  2. ^ "Statistics & Budget: Brooklyn Technical High School". New York City Department of Education. November 16, 2012. Retrieved December 20, 2012. 
  3. ^ a b BTHSNews.org
  4. ^ New York City School Reports 2006-07
  5. ^ "Prestigious High Schools, Testing and Gender". The New York Times. Retrieved July 5, 2013. 
  6. ^ Matthews, Jay (January 24, 2006). "Help Find the Super High Schools". The Washington Post. 
  7. ^ Three new schools were added to that list in the mid-2000s: the High School for Math, Science and Engineering at City College, the High School of American Studies at Lehman College, and the Queens High School for the Sciences at York College. However, these were not afforded Specialized High Schools status under New York State Law.
  8. ^ a b Brooklyn Tech Alumni Foundation Hall of Fame
  9. ^ New York City Public Schools: "2004-2005 Annual School Report: HS 430 - Brooklyn Technical High School
  10. ^ Class of 2007 Is Awarded $1.25 Million in Scholarships
  11. ^ a b 'U.S. News & World Report, "Best High Schools", December 4, 2008
  12. ^ http://www.bthsalumni.org/page.aspx?pid=1130
  13. ^ "Brooklyn Technical High School". NYC High School Directory. NYC Dept. of Education. Archived from the original on October 5, 2006. 
  14. ^ New York Post (Oct. 6, 2001) via FreeBTHS.com: "Tech Finally Has a Place to Call Home"
  15. ^ About.com: "Fort Greene Brooklyn Walking Tour - Historic Sites"[dead link]
  16. ^ http://newyorkyimby.com/2013/09/388-bridge-street.html
  17. ^ http://www.bths.edu/alumni/bthsgalaIjournal.pdf
  18. ^ http://www.bths.edu/school_history.jsp
  19. ^ Sims, Seandra. "The Decepticons: Gangs Of New York Part 1", AllHipHop.com, September 15, 2010
  20. ^ Terry, Don. "A Gang Gives a Name to Students' Fear: Decepticons", The New York Times, March 1, 1989
  21. ^ Stancik, Edward F., Robert M. Brenner, Gerald P. Conroy, Richard Iannozzi "Dangerous Consequences: Officials at Brooklyn Technical High School Fail to Report Armed Robberies to the Police" , City Of New York, The Special Commissioner of Investigation for the New York City School District, November 2000
  22. ^ "School Daze Cast - Full - Alphabetical", InBaseline.com
  23. ^ http://www.inbaseline.com/project.aspx?view=AllAlphabeticalCredits&sort=full_name&project_id=4789584
  24. ^ [1]
  25. ^ Steinberg, Jacques (March 20, 1998). "Alumni to Give Brooklyn Tech Huge Donation". The New York Times. 
  26. ^ "Brooklyn Tech Alumni Celebrate Completion of Association's $10 Million Capital Campaign". November 29, 2005. 
  27. ^ "21/21: The Sustaining Excellence Campaign at Brooklyn Tech", by Jeanine Ramirez, NY1 (n.d.), via Brooklyn Technical High School official site]
  28. ^ Winerip, Michael (January 15, 2003). "On Education: Evaluating a Brooklyn Principal, Measure for Questionable Measure". The New York Times. 
  29. ^ Winerip, Michael (January 28, 2004). "On Education: Principal's War Leads to a Teacher Exodus". The New York Times. 
  30. ^ Lucadamo, Kathleen (October 23, 2005). "B'klyn Tech's Crass Warfare: Principal at Center of Storm in B'klyn Tech". Daily News. 
  31. ^ Callaghan, Jim (October 5, 2005). "Brooklyn ' Wreck'". New York Teacher. United Federation of Teachers. [dead link]
  32. ^ http://www.nycsci.org/reports/11-20%20BrooklynTech%20Rpt.pdf
  33. ^ Khavkine, Richard (July 30, 2013). deadurl = no "Hillside High principal resigns following allegations he had spanked a student". The Star-Ledger. Newark, New Jersey. Archived from the original on September 30, 2013. 
  34. ^ "Randy J. Asher Named Interim-Acting Principal of Brooklyn Technical High School" (Press release). NYC Dept. of Education. February 7, 2006. 
  35. ^ Gootman, Elissa (February 15, 2006). "Investigator Rebukes City Schools Over Retirement of a Principal". The New York Times. 
  36. ^ Callaghan, Jim (February 6, 2006). "Brooklyn Tech Principal Probed". New York Teacher. United Federation of Teachers. [dead link]
  37. ^ Lucadamo, Kathleen (February 15, 2006). "A Lack of Principles: Ex-School Head Lied Under Oath". Daily News. [dead link]
  38. ^ Brooklyn Technical High School official site: List of majors
  39. ^ http://www.bths.edu/majordesc/EnvironSci.jsp
  40. ^ Tech Knights Chess Team
  41. ^ Brooklyn Tech Rowing Club
  42. ^ Pace, Gina. "Web Exclusive: The Public Elites, Newsweek.com, May 18, 2008]
  43. ^ 2014 NYC Regional Results
  44. ^ "Forum Guests: Warren Adler", Forum on Law, Culture & Society at Fordham Law
  45. ^ Brooklyn Tech 85th Anniversary Gala Honors Herbert L. Henkel
  46. ^ Brooklyn Tech High School, Brooklyn NY at The Baseball Cube. WebCitatiion archive.
  47. ^ Gonzales, Michael A. "93 Minutes With Corey Glover and Vernon Reid", New York, October 4, 2009
  48. ^ My9TV.com: Russ Salzberg
  49. ^ http://old.nabble.com/St.-Sensible,-Ouija-Boards,-and-Brooklyn-Tech-%28or-why-I-wouldn%27t-send-my-worst-enemy%27s-kid-to-parochial-school%29-td25030533.html
  50. ^ Specialized High Schools Student Handbook 2011-2012. New York: NYC Department of Education. 2011. p. 6. 
  51. ^ "Specialized High Schools Student Handbook 2011-2012". NYC Department of Education. Retrieved 1 March 2012. 

Bibliography

External links[edit]