Brookville, New York

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Brookville, New York
Village
Village of Brookville
U.S. Census Map
U.S. Census Map
Brookville, New York is located in New York
Brookville, New York
Location within the state of New York
Coordinates: 40°48′55″N 73°34′12″W / 40.81528°N 73.57000°W / 40.81528; -73.57000Coordinates: 40°48′55″N 73°34′12″W / 40.81528°N 73.57000°W / 40.81528; -73.57000
Country United States
State New York
County Nassau
Government
 • Mayor Daniel Serota
 • Deputy Mayor Caroline Bazzini
Area
 • Total 4.0 sq mi (10.4 km2)
 • Land 4.0 sq mi (10.4 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 236 ft (72 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 3,465
 • Density 870/sq mi (330/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 11545, 11548
Area code(s) 516
FIPS code 36-10132
GNIS feature ID 0944887
Website www.villageofbrookville.com

The Village of Brookville is a village located within the town of Oyster Bay in Nassau County, New York. As of the 2010 United States Census, the village population was 3,465.[1]

The village is the home of the C. W. Post Campus of Long Island University and the Post campus's nationally known cultural venue, the Tilles Center. The Long Island Lutheran Middle and High School is also located in the village.

BusinessWeek dubbed Brookville the wealthiest town in America.[2]

Daniel Serota is the current Mayor, and was elected to the position on March 19, 2013. Serota is also a prominent businessman and real estate developer.

Geography[edit]

Brookville is located at 40°48′55″N 73°34′12″W / 40.81528°N 73.57000°W / 40.81528; -73.57000 (40.815199, -73.570058).[3]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 4.0 square miles (10 km2), all of it land.

History[edit]

The geographic Village of Brookville was formed in two stages. When the village was incorporated in 1931, it consisted of a long, narrow tract of land that was centered along Cedar Swamp Road (Route 107). In the 1950s, the northern portion of the unincorporated area then known as Wheatley Hills was annexed and incorporated into the village, approximately doubling the village's area to its present 2,650 acres (1,070 ha).[4]

When the town of Oyster Bay purchased what is now Brookville from the Matinecocks in the mid-17th century, the area was known as Suco's Wigwam. Most pioneers were English, many of them Quakers. They were soon joined by Dutch settlers from western Long Island, who called the surrounding area Wolver Hollow, apparently because wolves gathered at spring-fed Shoo Brook to drink. For most of the 19th century, the village was called Tappentown after a prominent family. Brookville became the preferred name after the Civil War and was used on 1873 maps.

Brookville's two centuries as a farm and woodland backwater changed quickly in the early 20th century as wealthy New Yorkers built lavish mansions. By the mid-1920s, there were 22 estates, part of the emergence of Nassau's North Shore Gold Coast. One was Broadhollow, the 108-acre (0.44 km2) spread of attorney-banker-diplomat Winthrop W. Aldrich, which had a 40-room manor house. The second owner of Broadhollow was Alfred Gwynne Vanderbilt II, who was owner of the Belmont and Pimlico racetracks. Marjorie Merriweather Post, daughter of cereal creator Charles William Post, and her husband Edward Francis Hutton, the famous financier, built a lavish 70-room mansion on 178 acres (0.72 km2) called Hillwood. In 1931, estate owners banded together to win village incorporation to head off what they saw as undesirable residential and commercial development in other parts of Nassau County. In 1947, the Post estate was sold to Long Island University for its C. W. Post campus. The campus is noted as the home of the Tilles Center for the Performing Arts. Also in Brookville is the DeSeversky Conference Center of the New York Institute of Technology. The center was formerly Templeton, mansion of socialite and businessman Winston Guest. Templeton was later used as one of the settings for the Dudley Moore film Arthur.

The Chapelle de St. Martin de Sayssuel, also known as the St. Joan of Arc Chapel where Joan of Arc prayed prior to engaging the English, was moved from France to Brookville in the early 20th century. It was acquired by Gertrude Hill Gavin, daughter of James J. Hill, the American railroad magnate. The chapel was dismantled stone by stone and imported from France to her Brookville estate in 1926. The chapel is now located at Marquette University in Wisconsin.

The Brookville Reformed Church, one of the oldest existing church congregations in the country, calls Brookville its home. The Brookville Church was founded by 17th century Dutch settlers.

The James Preserve is a nature preserve in Old Brookville and is the only tract of land showing the natural appearance of the village before development. Although it is in Old Brookville, it is connected to Greenvale.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 2,126 people, 631 households, and 569 families residing in the village. The population density was 530.5 people per square mile (204.7/km²). There were 648 housing units at an average density of 161.7 per square mile (62.4/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 89.75% White, 2.16% African American, 6.16% Asian, 0.56% from other races, and 1.36% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.68% of the population.

There were 631 households out of which 49.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 82.9% were married couples living together, 4.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 9.8% were non-families. 7.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.35 and the average family size was 3.49.

In the village the population was spread out with 32.8% under the age of 18, 4.4% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 25.1% from 45 to 64, and 11.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 97.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.7 males.

The median income for a household in the village was in excess of $200,000 as was the median income for a family. Males had a median income of over $100,000 versus $60,238 for females. The per capita income for the village was $84,375. None of families or the population were below the poverty line, including none of those under age 18 or those age 65 or over.

As of 2009, Brookville topped BusinessWeek's list of America's 25 wealthiest towns based on average income and net worth.[1]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Race, Hispanic or Latino, Age, and Housing Occupancy: 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File (QT-PL), Brookville village, New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American FactFinder 2. Retrieved October 3, 2011. 
  2. ^ "The Wealthiest Towns in America". Retrieved 2009-04-26. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ Note that such figures are often imprecise. The cited figure was calculated by Frederick P. Clark Associates for the report: "Village of Brookville: Open Space Preservation Through Large Lot Zoning; A Village Master Plan Update Study, September 1989, Finalized January 1990".
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]