Creepers or brothel creepers are a type of shoe which often has suede uppers and characteristically thick crepe soles. The shoes were first developed as a fashion item following World War II. They have been popular on and off with various subcultures ever since.
These shoes found their beginnings in the years following World War II, as soldiers based in the deserts in North Africa wore suede boots with hard-wearing crepe rubber soles because of the climate and environment. Having left the army, many of these ex-soldiers found their way to the nightspots of London wearing the same crepe-soled shoes and these became known as "brothel creepers". A soft crepe rubber sole makes almost no sound on a hard floor, unlike leather-soled shoes.
In the late 1950s, these shoes were taken up by the Teddy Boys along with drainpipe trousers, draped jackets, bolo ties, quiff and pompadour haircuts, and velvet or electric blue clothes. This style of shoe was developed in 1949 by George Cox and marketed under the "Hamilton" name, based on George Cox Jr.'s middle name.
Also, self-made brothel creepers were picked up by soviet subculture stilyagi (rus. стиляги) in the mid 1950's. They were called "ботинки на манной каше", literally men's "shoes on semolina", because they used to call the thick crepe sole "semolina".
The brothel creeper regained popularity in the early 1970s when Malcolm McLaren sold them from his "Let it Rock" shop in London's Kings Road. Teddy Boys were the obvious customers,[clarification needed] but the brothel creeper still proved to be popular among regular customers when McLaren and his partner Vivienne Westwood changed the shop to more rocker-oriented fashion.
The original George Cox creepers are still made but are hard to find with only 18 registered stockiest worldwide, but British Boot Company has a large selection and is now the main agent in the United Kingdom for George Cox.
Due to the resurgence in popularity of grunge culture, creepers became much more mainstream in 2011 with popular artists such as R&B singers Rita Ora and Rihanna  wearing pairs by Underground England. Pop culture was not long in following creepers' rise, with Carly Rae Jepsen and Miley Cyrus wearing shoes from T.U.K.
- See the 50th anniversary Creeper marketed in 1999 to celebrate the first half-century of Cox's Creeper shoe.
- See also this site for a brief introduction to the history of the shop.
- See George Cox referring to British Boot Company on their website http://www.georgecox.co.uk
- The Sun 2010 http://www.thesun.co.uk/sol/homepage/showbiz/tv/x_factor/3948296/Rihanna-wears-F-word-shoes-live-on-X-Factor.html
- Carly Rae Jepsen on American Idol http://www.tukshoes.co.uk/blog/2013/05/carly-rae-jepsen-wears-t-u-k-creeper-wedge-booties-on-american-idol/
- Miley Cyrus on US & UK T.V. http://www.tukshoes.co.uk/blog/2013/10/miley-cyrus-reppin-t-u-k-creepers/