Sign painted on large wine barrel at Brotherhood Winery
|Governing body||Private business|
|NRHP Reference #||00000345|
|Added to NRHP||2000|
The Brotherhood Winery is commonly acknowledged to be the oldest operating winery in the United States. It is located in Washingtonville, New York, a community in the Hudson Valley, and produced its first commercial vintage in 1839. In 2000 it was added to the National Register of Historic Places. The winery uses the slogan "America's Oldest Winery."
Brotherhood Winery was started by John Jaques, who deeded it in 1858 to his three sons, John Jr., Oren, and Charles, later renaming it "Jaques Brothers' Winery." In 1886, ownership of winery came under the father and son ownership of James M. and Edward R. Emerson, acquiring it from Charles, the last surviving Jaques brother. The Emersons renamed the operation "Brotherhood" and expanded its facilities to include the single remaining original building on the winery's property, as well as adding large underground winemaking facilities. Edward wrote the book The Story of the Vine while in ownership of Brotherhood.
The winery remained in operation during Prohibition as it produced sacramental wine for the Catholic Church. New ownership came in 1921 with Louis Farrell and his son Louis Jr. The Farrells owned the winery until 1947 when both the father and son died in close succession. Control of the winery passed to three Farrell cousins. Francis Farrell was the cousin that ran the vineyard through the World War II era. An expansion included visitor tour facilities and recognition for award-winning wines in regional wine competitions.
The most recent change of ownership occurred in 1987 when Cesar Baeza purchased the winery. Baeza established vineyards on Long Island during the 1990s. The Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot planted there and produced into wine are noted as standouts on their sales list.
Prior to the ownership of Cesar Baeza, the winery was known for its Vitis Labrusca-based wines, with some seasoned with fresh herbs and spices based on 19th century formulas. The spiced wine known as "holiday wine" has been a winery best seller for many years. The winery also produces various specialty wines, including one flavored with ginseng and a May wine with sweet strawberry flavors. The winery also produces a version of wine similar to mead made from wildflower honey and an Ethiopian style honey wine (Tej) named "Sheba Te'j Honey Wine".
In the 1970s the winery began producing wines made from French hybrid grapes which the winery still sells. Under the ownership of Cesar Baeza the winery has begun creating wines from Vitis Vinifera grapes. Wines include Cabernet Sauvignon, Pinot noir, Merlot, Chardonnay, Riesling and a White Zinfandel.
Emerson, Edward R., The Story of the Vine. New York and London:G. P. Putnam's sons, 1902
- Not in copyright, digital edition can be found at https://archive.org/details/storyofvine00emerrich
- National Register of Historical Place, "NEW YORK - Orange County"
- Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections Cornell University Library. "Guide to the Brotherhood Wine Company Records,1822-2006 Collection Number: 6701"
- Brotherhood Winery, "History"
- Bruce Case and Jancis Robinson, 78-79
- Brotherhood Winery, "Shop"
- Brotherhood Winery, "History", Retrieved on April 6, 2007 from http://www.brotherhoodwinery.net/pages/history.asp
- Brotherhood Winery, "Shop", Retrieved on April 6, 2007 from http://www.brotherhoodwinery.net/pages/shop.asp
- Bruce Cass and Jancis Robinson, ed., The Oxford Companion to the Wine of North America, New York: Oxford University Press, 2000.
- Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections Cornell University Library. (2006) "Guide to the Brotherhood Wine Company Records,1822-2006 Collection Number: 6701" Retrieved on April 6, 2007 from http://rmc.library.cornell.edu/EAD/htmldocs/RMM06701.html
- National Register of Historical Place, "NEW YORK - Orange County". Retrieved on April 6, 2007 from http://www.nationalregisterofhistoricplaces.com/NY/Orange/state.html