Brough, East Riding of Yorkshire

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Brough
All Saints Church Brough.jpg
All Saints' Church
Brough is located in East Riding of Yorkshire
Brough
Brough
 Brough shown within the East Riding of Yorkshire
Population around 7,000
OS grid reference SE942266
Civil parish Elloughton-cum-Brough
Unitary authority East Riding of Yorkshire
Ceremonial county East Riding of Yorkshire
Region Yorkshire and the Humber
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BROUGH
Postcode district HU15
Dialling code 01482
Police Humberside
Fire Humberside
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament Haltemprice and Howden
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire

Coordinates: 53°43′41″N 0°34′24″W / 53.728107°N 0.573229°W / 53.728107; -0.573229

Brough /ˈbrʌf/, or Brough-on-Humber, is a small town in the civil parish of Elloughton-cum-Brough in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. The town has a population of around 7,000.

Location[edit]

It is located on the northern bank of the Humber Estuary, approximately 12 miles (19 km) west of Hull city centre.

History[edit]

The town was known as Petuaria during the Roman period, and served as the capital of the Celtic tribe of the Parisi. Petuaria marked the southern end of the Roman road known now as Cade's Road which ran roughly northwards for a hundred miles to Pons Aelius (modern day Newcastle upon Tyne).

Brough was created a town by the Archbishop of York in 1239, granted the same liberties as Beverley. However, there is no record of these liberties having been employed, and the settlement operated as a village for some further centuries.[1]

The town is historically notorious for being associated with the highwayman Dick Turpin. Sometime around June 1737 Turpin boarded at the Ferry Inn at Brough, under the alias of John Palmer (or Parmen). Turpin travelled between and resided in Brough, until his capture and execution for horse theft in 1739.

Demographics[edit]

Over the last couple of years there has been a shift in the socio-economic group of people living in Brough due to improved rail links and new housing developments. This change has brought more money into the area[citation needed]. As a result the average wage rate and amount of spending has increased significantly[citation needed].

Hull Trains Class 222 Pioneer train arriving at Brough railway station

Transport[edit]

The town is served by Brough railway station on the Hull to Selby and Doncaster railway line. Direct rail services to London are provided by First Hull Trains (7 each weekday, 5 on Saturdays and Sundays) and East Coast (one return each day). There are other frequent services - First TransPennine Express trains run west to Leeds, Manchester Piccadilly, Liverpool, etc. while Northern Rail serves York, Doncaster and Sheffield. All east-bound trains run to Hull: some then head north to Beverley, Driffield, Bridlington, Filey and Scarborough.

Most local bus services are provided by East Yorkshire Motor Services and run mainly to Hull but there are also daily Stagecoach in Hull services to Leeds. Additionally, National Express also stop at Brough.

The town lies 1 mile (1.6 km) south of the main A63 from Hull to the M62. It is about 1 mile (1.6 km) to the A63 junction east, 2 miles (3.2 km) to the junction west (and then a further 4 miles (6.4 km) to the M62 motorway). Humberside Airport is 19 miles (31 km) to the south-east (reached by driving across the Humber Bridge), and overnight ferry services by P&O Ferries sail to Rotterdam and Zeebrugge from King George Dock, Hull (about 13 miles (21 km) away).

Facilities[edit]

Brough has a number of shops and takeaways. There are two supermarkets - Morrisons and Sainsbury's Local. There are three pubs (one of which - the Ferry Inn - is the only actual documented home of highwayman Dick Turpin, and is also the place he was arrested[2]), two dentists, two vets, several hairdressers, a medical centre, a private hearing aid audiologist, a post office, a cards and gifts outlet, a pet shop and branches of Barclays, HSBC, NatWest and Lloyds TSB banks.

Schools[edit]

There are four schools in the area. Brough Primary School[3] is situated within Brough itself with Elloughton Primary School[4] and Welton Primary School[5] located in neighbouring villages. South Hunsley School and Sixth Form College[6] is located approximately 2 miles (3.2 km) to the east of the town.

Industry[edit]

BAE Systems factory in Brough.

BAE Systems, Brough, manufactured the Hawk Advanced Jet Trainer aircraft[7] at Brough Aerodrome. BAE also offered widely sought-after and very competitive Modern Apprenticeships to local school leavers. The runway at the site was re-opened for a while for occasional use solely by Hawk aircraft taking off after manufacture to transfer by air to Warton near Preston in Lancashire for final flight testing and painting[8][9] though the former Air Traffic Control building has now been transformed into the "Brough Business Centre".[10]

On 3 April 2008 BAE Systems announced it would be losing 450 jobs from the Brough site.[11]

On 1 March 2012 BAE Systems announced it would be ending manufacturing at its site in Brough meaning 845 employees are to be made redundant.[12] and there are now proposals to build over much of the airfield - including over the runway.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sheeran, George. Medieval Yorkshire Towns. p. 24. 
  2. ^ Sharpe, James (2004). Dick Turpin: The Myth of the English Highwayman. ISBN 1-86197-418-3. 
  3. ^ Brough Primary School
  4. ^ Elloughton Primary School
  5. ^ Welton Primary School
  6. ^ South Hunsley School and Sixth Form College
  7. ^ "The Hawk Advanced Jet Trainer". BAe Systems. 1 July 2008. Retrieved 21 October 2008. 
  8. ^ "Hawk Takes Off From Brough". This is Hull and East Riding. 28 January 2008. Retrieved 29 January 2008. 
  9. ^ "BAE's Flight Of Pride". This is Hull and East Riding. 29 January 2008. Retrieved 29 January 2008. 
  10. ^ "Brough Business Centre". East Riding of Yorkshire Council. July 2008. Retrieved 21 October 2008. 
  11. ^ "BAE to axe 600 engineering jobs". The Manufacturer. 3 April 2008. Archived from the original on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 23 January 2013. 
  12. ^ "BAE Systems confirms Brough job losses". BBC News. 1 March 2012. Retrieved 23 January 2013. 
  13. ^ "Brough developers say £100m plan crucial as BAE Systems plant closure looms". This is Hull and East Riding. 8 March 2012. Retrieved 23 January 2013.