Brougham (carriage)

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Red Brougham Profile view.jpg
Brougham carriage

A brougham (pronounced "broom" or "brohm") was a light, four-wheeled horse-drawn carriage built in the 19th century.[1][note 1] It was named after Scottish jurist Lord Brougham, who had this type of carriage built to his specification by London coachbuilder Robinson & Cook.[1] It had an enclosed body with two doors, like the rear section of a coach;[1] it sat two, sometimes with an extra pair of fold-away seats in the front corners,[citation needed] and with a box seat in front for the driver and a footman or passenger. Unlike a coach, the carriage had a glazed front window, so that the occupants could see forward.[1] The forewheels were capable of turning sharply. A variant, called a brougham-landaulet, had a top collapsible from the rear doors backward.[note 2]

Three features specific to the Brougham were:

  1. the sharply squared end of the roof at the back,
  2. the body line curving forward at the base of the enclosure, and
  3. low entry to the enclosure, using only on outside step below the door.[1]

In 19th-century London, broughams previously owned and used as private carriages were commonly sold off for use as hackney carriages, often displaying painted-over traces of the previous owner's coat of arms on the carriage doors.[citation needed]

The special characteristics of the brougham bear a distinct similarity to the London Public Carriage Office's "Conditions of Fitness" for a vehicle intending to be licenced as a taxi cab.[citation needed]

Pronunciation of this word is correct as two syllables, \ˈbrü:(-ə)m, ˈbrō:(-ə)m\, but can be pronounced as one syllable, although this is considered "Americanized" or "slang."[citation needed]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The OED gives a first usage in 1851, but the original design dates from about 1838, according to the Encyclopaedia Britannica. Brougham died in 1868.
  2. ^ Compare the landau.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Haajanen, Lennart W. (2003). "1Brougham". Illustrated Dictionary of Automobile Body Styles. Illustrations by Bertil Nydén; foreword by Karl Ludvigsen. Jefferson, NC USA: McFarland. pp. 24–25. ISBN 0-7864-1276-3. LCCN 2002014546. 

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