Brought to trial

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Brought to trial means to calendar a legal case for a hearing, or to bring a defendant to the bar of justice. The simplest definition is "the commencement of the trial in a court by formally calling and swearing in of the witnesses to initiate the trial proceedings."[1][citation needed] However, much like Pro-rata, it has several different, ambiguous meanings and examples used in the law. To bring to trial is when the process is ongoing.

Political, war, and other infamous crimes[edit]

Most often, the terms brought to trial, bring to trial, brought to justice and bring to justice refer to the prosecution at trial of alleged war criminals[2] and political prisoners,[3][4] as well as those accused of treason or misprision of treason, sexual assault, and other infamous crimes.[5][6][7]

Speedy trial[edit]

In some cases, the context of the term actually indicates a speedy trial issue, as guaranteed by the Sixth Amendment to the United States Constitution.[8][9][10][11]

Related terms[edit]

A number of related terms and meanings exist:

  • "Arraign, litigate, lodge, bring a complaint, bring to view evidence, exhibit, manifest and bring together, [and] accumulate." [12]
  • "Lawsuit, suit, suit in law, suit at law, litigation, prosecution, bring a case before the court or bar, [and] bring to justice." [13]
  • To "call to the bar, ... take silk, take to the law, bring to the bar, put on trial, pull up, accuse, ... file a claim, [and] inform against." [14]
  • When the parties in an mediation or settlement conference can not come to an alternate dispute resolution, the action is brought to trial.[citation needed]


  1. ^ Legal explanations web site
  2. ^ B'TSelem Press Release about bringing to trial those Palestinians responsible for alleged war crimes
  3. ^ Amnesty International Press Release about Haitian political prisoners
  4. ^ Amnesty International press release about Vietnamese dissident to be brought to trial
  5. ^ Court TV article mentioning "Brought to trial" in context
  6. ^ "Draft Dodgers Brought to Trial"
  7. ^ Article about Jose Padilla being brought to trial
  8. ^ 2007 California Rules of Court, Rule 8.913, found at California Rules of Court
  9. ^ Nebraska statutes, found at
  10. ^ Idaho statutes section 19-3501, found at Idaho state web site
  11. ^ New York Criminal Procedure Law (CPL) section 30.30, found at NY State web site
  12. ^ Burton, W.C.. Burton's Legal Thesaurus, p. 597.
  13. ^ Chapman, R.L. & Chapman, P.M. (1989). Roget's International Thesaurus, p. 767.
  14. ^ Grumley, C.P. (n.d.) Roget's Thesaurus, p. 977.