Broughton, Oxfordshire

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Coordinates: 52°02′31″N 1°23′17″W / 52.042°N 1.388°W / 52.042; -1.388

Broughton
Broughton church - geograph.org.uk - 801324.jpg
St Mary the Virgin parish church
Broughton is located in Oxfordshire
Broughton
Broughton
 Broughton shown within Oxfordshire
Population 305 (2001 Census)[1]
OS grid reference SP4238
Civil parish Broughton
District Cherwell
Shire county Oxfordshire
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Banbury
Postcode district OX15
Dialling code 01295
Police Thames Valley
Fire Oxfordshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Banbury
List of places
UK
England
Oxfordshire

Broughton is a village and civil parish in northern Oxfordshire, England, about 2.5 miles (4 km) southwest of Banbury.

Broughton's Church of England Parish Church of St Mary the Virgin was built in about 1300 in a style that is transitional from Early English to Decorated Gothic.[2] The church stands in the grounds of Broughton Castle, the 14th- to 16th-century country house that is now the seat of Baron Saye and Sele of the Fiennes family.

Broughton Rectory was rebuilt in 1694.[3] It was altered three times in the 19th century: firstly by Richard Pace of Lechlade in 1808, and then with extensions by S.P. Cockerell in 1820 and H.J. Underwood in 1842.[3]

The Domesday Book records that in 1086 Broughton parish had two watermills.[4] By 1444 there were at least three, one of which was a fulling mill.[4] By 1685 there was a second fulling mill, and both mills supplied the local woollen industry.[4] Fulling and cloth-dyeing remained local industries until early in the 20th century.[4]

In the 17th century Broughton's agriculture was predominantly pasture for cattle and sheep, which has given to the parish such field names as Dairy Ground, Grazing Ground and New Close Pasture.[4] Improved crop rotation in the agricultural revolution increased arable farming in the parish, with crops being diversified in the 18th century to include clover, flax, hops, sainfoin and woad.[4] Some of these crops have given place names to the parish such as Sandfine Wood, Sandfine Road and Woadmill Farm. Woad was still grown in 1827, when it was used locally for dyeing wool.[4]

Broughton has a pair of Gothic Revival almshouses built in 1859.[3]

Broughton has one public house, the Saye and Sele Arms.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area: Broughton CP (Parish): Parish Headcounts". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 4 March 2010. 
  2. ^ Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, pp. 490–492.
  3. ^ a b c Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 498.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Lobel & Crossley 1969, pp. 85–102
  5. ^ Saye and Sele Arms

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Broughton, Oxfordshire at Wikimedia Commons