Broughton Gifford

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Broughton Gifford
Broughton Gifford.JPG
Church of St. Mary
Broughton Gifford is located in Wiltshire
Broughton Gifford
Broughton Gifford
 Broughton Gifford shown within Wiltshire
Population 851 (in 2011)[1]
OS grid reference ST879635
Unitary authority Wiltshire
Ceremonial county Wiltshire
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Melksham
Postcode district SN12
Dialling code 01225
Police Wiltshire
Fire Wiltshire
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament Chippenham
List of places
UK
England
Wiltshire

Coordinates: 51°22′N 2°10′W / 51.37°N 2.17°W / 51.37; -2.17

Broughton Gifford is a village and civil parish about 1.5 miles (2.4 km) west of Melksham in Wiltshire, England. The parish includes the hamlet of Norrington Common.

History[edit]

Formerly much of Broughton Gifford and the surrounding area was covered with woodlands. Much of these were felled during the First and Second World Wars. Villagers long used the common to graze their livestock and grow their crops. Although the common was not included when the rest of the parish's lands were inclosed in 1783,[2] eventually its agricultural uses died out. There were numerous ponds on the common, but the council[clarification needed] decided to fill many of them in. There is currently a movement to re-establish the ponds.

Geography[edit]

The village has two parts:

  • The lower village has the Church of England parish church of Saint Mary, the school, the village hall and the Fox public house. There are also two housing estates and some detached houses in this part.
  • The higher part, The Common, is a large area of open land with houses around it. As at 2008 there were three ponds on the common, inhabited by a paddling of ducks in their breeding season. At one end of the common is The Bell public house, and the football pitch and bowling green.

The River Avon forms a natural boundary to the south and east of the parish.

Local government[edit]

Broughton Gifford civil parish is in the area of Wiltshire Council unitary authority, which is responsible for all significant local government functions.

Unusually the parish shares some land in common with the parish of Melksham Without.

A number of Roman coins have been found in the parish.[citation needed]

Listed buildings[edit]

There are more than 70 listed buildings and structures of special architectural, historical or cultural significance in Broughton Gifford, including Talboys[clarification needed] built late in the 14th century[citation needed] and Monkton House built in 1647.[3]

A packhorse bridge dating from 1725 spans the River Avon to the south of Broughton Gifford, providing a route (now a public footpath) to the hamlet of Whaddon.[4]

Amenities[edit]

Broughton has two public houses. The Bell on the Common is on the common. The Fox, formerly The Fox and Hounds, is at the other end of the village. There are also a village hall, a butcher's shop, a small park and an industrial estate.

Sculptures[edit]

Broughton Gifford is home to a war memorial in the form of an obelisk.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Wiltshire Community History - Census". Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 19 September 2014. 
  2. ^ Pugh & Crittall, 1956, pages 51-59
  3. ^ Pevsner & Cherry, 1973, page150
  4. ^ "List entry - Packhorse Bridge, Melksham Road". English Heritage. 13 November 1962. Retrieved 15 July 2014. 
  5. ^ http://www.bgvh.co.uk/pictures-of-broughton-gifford/

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Broughton Gifford at Wikimedia Commons