Broughton Township is located in Livingston County, Illinois. As of the 2010 census, its population was 313 and it contained 139 housing units. Broughton Township changed its name from Broughtonville Township on October 3, 1860.
According to the 2010 census, the township has a total area of 35.24 square miles (91.3 km2), all land.
Coordinates: 40°58′48″N 88°18′21″W / 40.98000°N 88.30583°W / 40.98000; -88.30583