Brown County, Illinois

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Brown County, Illinois
Map of Illinois highlighting Brown County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded 1839
Named for Jacob Brown
Seat Mount Sterling
Largest city Mount Sterling
Area
 • Total 307 sq mi (795 km2)
 • Land 306 sq mi (793 km2)
 • Water 1.6 sq mi (4 km2), 0.5%
Population
 • (2010) 6,937
 • Density 23/sq mi (9/km²)
Congressional district 18th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Brown County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. As of the 2010 census, the population was 6,937.[1] Its county seat is Mount Sterling.[2]

Siloam Springs State Park is located partly in this county.

History[edit]

Brown County was formed out of Schuyler County in 1839. It is named in honor of U.S. General Jacob Brown, who defeated the British at the Battle of Sackett's Harbor in 1813.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 307 square miles (800 km2), of which 306 square miles (790 km2) is land and 1.6 square miles (4.1 km2) (0.5%) is water.[3] The Illinois River flows along part of the county's eastern border.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Climate and weather[edit]

Mount Sterling, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
1.6
 
32
15
 
 
1.9
 
38
20
 
 
3.1
 
50
30
 
 
3.9
 
63
41
 
 
5.1
 
73
51
 
 
3.9
 
82
61
 
 
3.9
 
87
65
 
 
3.5
 
84
63
 
 
3.6
 
78
54
 
 
3.3
 
66
43
 
 
3.2
 
50
31
 
 
2.4
 
37
20
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[4]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Mount Sterling have ranged from a low of 15 °F (−9 °C) in January to a high of 87 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −26 °F (−32 °C) was recorded in February 1905 and a record high of 113 °F (45 °C) was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.55 inches (39 mm) in January to 5.14 inches (131 mm) in May.[4]

Demographics[edit]

2000 census age pyramid for Brown County
Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 4,183
1850 7,198 72.1%
1860 9,938 38.1%
1870 12,205 22.8%
1880 13,041 6.8%
1890 11,951 −8.4%
1900 11,557 −3.3%
1910 10,397 −10.0%
1920 9,336 −10.2%
1930 7,892 −15.5%
1940 8,053 2.0%
1950 7,132 −11.4%
1960 6,210 −12.9%
1970 5,586 −10.0%
1980 5,411 −3.1%
1990 5,836 7.9%
2000 6,950 19.1%
2010 6,937 −0.2%
Est. 2013 6,860 −1.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 6,950 people, 2,108 households, and 1,380 families residing in the county. The population density was 23 people per square mile (9/km²). There were 2,456 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 80.29% White, 18.20% Black or African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.13% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 0.68% from other races, and 0.55% from two or more races. 3.93% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 31.7% were of German, 22.2% American, 16.3% English and 12.8% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. 96.4% spoke English and 3.3% Spanish as their first language.

There were 2,108 households out of which 29.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.30% were married couples living together, 6.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.50% were non-families. 30.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the county the population was spread out with 17.80% under the age of 18, 12.60% from 18 to 24, 37.50% from 25 to 44, 19.40% from 45 to 64, and 12.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 174.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 194.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,445, and the median income for a family was $43,207. Males had a median income of $24,888 versus $20,558 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,629. About 4.80% of families and 8.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.00% of those under age 18 and 10.00% of those age 65 or over.

The Illinois state prison, Western Illinois Correctional Center, located south east of Mount Sterling, has an average daily population of 2,066. The all male population and racial makeup of the prison is so large, compared to the rest of the county, that it skews the census demographic data. This is evidenced by the lopsided age pyramid.[1]

Education[edit]

Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Villages[edit]

Townships[edit]

Brown County is divided into these nine townships:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 3, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Mount Sterling, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 3, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 3, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 3, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 3, 2014. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

Coordinates: 39°57′N 90°45′W / 39.95°N 90.75°W / 39.95; -90.75