Brown County, Illinois
|Brown County, Illinois|
Location in the state of Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
|Largest city||Mount Sterling|
307.20 sq mi (796 km²)
305.61 sq mi (792 km²)
1.60 sq mi (4 km²), 0.52%
23/sq mi (9/km²)
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Brown County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 6,937, which is a decrease of 0.2% from 6,950 in 2000. Its county seat is Mount Sterling. Siloam Springs State Park is located partly in this county.
According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 307.20 square miles (795.6 km2), of which 305.61 square miles (791.5 km2) (or 99.48%) is land and 1.60 square miles (4.1 km2) (or 0.52%) is water. The Illinois River flows along part of the county's eastern border.
Adjacent counties 
- Schuyler County - north
- Cass County - east
- Morgan County - southeast
- Pike County - south
- Adams County - west
Major highways 
Cities and towns 
Brown County is divided into these nine townships:
School districts 
- Brown County Community Unit School District 1
- Meredosia-Chambersburg Community Unit School District 11
- Southeastern Community Unit School District 337
Political districts 
- Illinois' 18th congressional district
- State House District 93
- State Senate District 47
|IL Counties 1900-1990
As of the census of 2000, there were 6,950 people, 2,108 households, and 1,380 families residing in the county. The population density was 23 people per square mile (9/km²). There were 2,456 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 80.29% White, 18.20% Black or African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.13% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 0.68% from other races, and 0.55% from two or more races. 3.93% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 31.7% were of German, 22.2% American, 16.3% English and 12.8% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. 96.4% spoke English and 3.3% Spanish as their first language.
There were 2,108 households out of which 29.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.30% were married couples living together, 6.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.50% were non-families. 30.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.96.
In the county the population was spread out with 17.80% under the age of 18, 12.60% from 18 to 24, 37.50% from 25 to 44, 19.40% from 45 to 64, and 12.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 174.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 194.50 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $35,445, and the median income for a family was $43,207. Males had a median income of $24,888 versus $20,558 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,629. About 4.80% of families and 8.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.00% of those under age 18 and 10.00% of those age 65 or over.
The Illinois state prison, Western Illinois Correctional Center, located south east of Mount Sterling, has an average daily population of 2,066. The all male population and racial makeup of the prison is so large, compared to the rest of the county, that it skews the census demographic data. This is evidenced by the lopsided age pyramid.
Climate and weather 
|Mount Sterling, Illinois|
|Climate chart (explanation)|
In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Mount Sterling have ranged from a low of 15 °F (−9 °C) in January to a high of 87 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −26 °F (−32 °C) was recorded in February 1905 and a record high of 113 °F (45 °C) was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.55 inches (39 mm) in January to 5.14 inches (131 mm) in May.
See also 
- United States Census Bureau 2007 TIGER/Line Shapefiles
- United States Board on Geographic Names (GNIS)
- United States National Atlas
- "Brown County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Monthly Averages for Mount Sterling, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27.
|Adams County||Cass County|
|Pike County||Morgan County|