Brown County, Kansas
|Brown County, Kansas|
Brown County Courthouse in Hiawatha
Location in the state of Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
|Founded||August 25, 1855|
|Named for||Albert Gallatin Brown|
572.20 sq mi (1,482 km²)
570.67 sq mi (1,478 km²)
1.52 sq mi (4 km²), 0.27%
17.9/sq mi (6.9/km²)
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Brown County (county code BR) is a county located in Northeast Kansas, in the Central United States. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 9,984. Its county seat and most populous city is Hiawatha. Brown County is the location of the Kickapoo Indian Reservation of Kansas, the majority of the Sac and Fox Reservation and the majority of the Iowa Reservation of Kansas and Nebraska.
Law and government 
Following amendment to the Kansas Constitution in 1986, the county remained a prohibition, or "dry", county until 2000, when voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink without a food sales requirement.
According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 572.20 square miles (1,482.0 km2), of which 570.67 square miles (1,478.0 km2) (or 99.73%) is land and 1.52 square miles (3.9 km2) (or 0.27%) is water. The Wolf River has its source in the county. Brown State Fishing Lake, formerly known as "Brown County State Park" is in the county, 8 miles (13 km) east of Hiawatha.
Adjacent counties 
- Richardson County, Nebraska (north)
- Doniphan County (east)
- Atchison County (southeast)
- Jackson County (southwest)
- Nemaha County (west)
Major highways 
As of the U.S. Census in 2000, there were 10,724 people, 4,318 households, and 2,949 families residing in the county. The population density was 19 people per square mile (7/km²). There were 4,815 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 86.87% White, 1.56% Black or African American, 8.82% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.73% from other races, and 1.81% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.32% of the population.
There were 4,318 households out of which 31.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.80% were married couples living together, 9.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.70% were non-families. 28.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.99.
In the county the population was spread out with 26.40% under the age of 18, 7.40% from 18 to 24, 24.00% from 25 to 44, 22.70% from 45 to 64, and 19.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 93.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.80 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $31,971, and the median income for a family was $39,525. Males had a median income of $29,163 versus $19,829 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,163. About 10.60% of families and 12.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.40% of those under age 18 and 11.80% of those age 65 or over.
Cities and towns 
Incorporated cities 
Name and population (2006 estimate):
- Hiawatha, 3,237 (county seat)
- Sabetha, 2,519, of which only a small portion lies in the county, the majority of the area and population being in Nemaha County.
- Horton, 1,840
- Everest, 303
- Fairview, 258
- Morrill, 254
- Robinson, 198
- Reserve, 97
- Powhattan, 86
- Willis, 66
- Hamlin, 51
Unincorporated places 
- Mercier (original name was Germantown)
- Pierce Junction
Brown County is divided into ten townships. The cities of Hiawatha, Horton, and Sabetha are considered governmentally independent and are excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.
/km² (/sq mi)
km² (sq mi)
km² (sq mi)
|Water %||Geographic coordinates|
|Hamlin||29725||344||3 (8)||106 (41)||0 (0)||0.18%|
|Hiawatha||31700||739||4 (12)||164 (63)||0 (0)||0.18%|
|Irving||34500||311||2 (6)||137 (53)||0 (0)||0.04%|
|Mission||47200||645||3 (8)||219 (84)||2 (1)||0.73%|
|Morrill||48325||Morrill||503||5 (12)||105 (41)||0 (0)||0.24%|
|Padonia||54025||259||2 (6)||107 (41)||0 (0)||0.14%|
|Powhattan||57375||874||4 (10)||232 (90)||0 (0)||0.06%|
|Robinson||60350||Robinson||452||4 (10)||116 (45)||0 (0)||0.25%|
|Walnut||74875||Fairview||665||4 (11)||161 (62)||1 (0)||0.46%|
|Washington||75525||Everest||541||5 (12)||116 (45)||0 (0)||0.17%|
|Sources: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division.|
Unified school districts 
See also 
Information on this and other counties in Kansas
- List of counties in Kansas
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Kansas
- Kansas locations by per capita income
Other information for Kansas
- List of cities in Kansas
- List of unified school districts in Kansas
- List of colleges and universities in Kansas
- "2010 County Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 31, 2011.
- "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. Retrieved 2007-12-28.
- "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
- DeLorme (2003). Kansas Atlas & Gazetteer. p. 26. Yarmouth, Maine: DeLorme. ISBN 0-89933-342-7.
- National Atlas
- U.S. Census Bureau TIGER shape files
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Population Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division. Annual estimates of the population to 2006-07-01. Released 2007-06-28.
Further reading 
- History of the State of Kansas; William G. Cutler; A.T. Andreas Publisher; 1883. (Online HTML eBook)
- Kansas : A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc; 3 Volumes; Frank W. Blackmar; Standard Publishing Co; 944 / 955 / 824 pages; 1912. (Volume1 - Download 54MB PDF eBook),(Volume2 - Download 53MB PDF eBook), (Volume3 - Download 33MB PDF eBook)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Brown County, Kansas|
- Brown County - Official Website
- Brown County - Directory of Public Officials
- Brown County - Information, Skyways
- Brown County Map, KDOT
- Kansas Highway Map, KDOT
- Kansas Railroad Map, KDOT
- Kansas School District Boundary Map, KSDE
||Richardson County, Nebraska||Richardson County, Nebraska||Holt County, Missouri|
|Nemaha County||Doniphan County|
|Nemaha County||Jackson County||Atchison County|