Brown County, Kansas

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Brown County, Kansas
BrownCoKScourthouse.JPG
Brown County Courthouse in Hiawatha
Map of Kansas highlighting Brown County
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Founded August 25, 1855
Named for Albert Gallatin Brown
Seat Hiawatha
Largest city Hiawatha
Area
 • Total 572 sq mi (1,481 km2)
 • Land 571 sq mi (1,479 km2)
 • Water 1.2 sq mi (3 km2), 0.2%
Population
 • (2010) 9,984
 • Density 17/sq mi (7/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.brown.kansasgov.com

Coordinates: 39°48′N 95°35′W / 39.800°N 95.583°W / 39.800; -95.583

Brown County (county code BR) is a county located in the northeast portion of the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 9,984.[1] Its county seat and most populous city is Hiawatha.[2] Brown County is the location of the Kickapoo Indian Reservation of Kansas, the majority of the Sac and Fox Reservation and the majority of the Iowa Reservation of Kansas and Nebraska.

History[edit]

Brown County was founded in 1855. It is named for Albert G. Brown.[3]

Law and government[edit]

Following amendment to the Kansas Constitution in 1986, the county remained a prohibition, or "dry", county until 2000, when voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink without a food sales requirement.[4]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 572 square miles (1,480 km2), of which 571 square miles (1,480 km2) is land and 1.2 square miles (3.1 km2) (0.2%) is water.[5] The Wolf River has its source in the county.[6] Brown State Fishing Lake, formerly known as "Brown County State Park" is in the county, 8 miles (13 km) east of Hiawatha.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Sources: National Atlas,[7] U.S. Census Bureau[8]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 2,607
1870 6,823 161.7%
1880 12,817 87.8%
1890 20,319 58.5%
1900 22,369 10.1%
1910 21,314 −4.7%
1920 20,949 −1.7%
1930 20,553 −1.9%
1940 17,395 −15.4%
1950 14,651 −15.8%
1960 13,229 −9.7%
1970 11,685 −11.7%
1980 11,955 2.3%
1990 11,128 −6.9%
2000 10,724 −3.6%
2010 9,984 −6.9%
Est. 2013 9,997 0.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1790-1960[10] 1900-1990[11]
1990-2000[12] 2010-2013[1]

As of the U.S. Census in 2000,[13] there were 10,724 people, 4,318 households, and 2,949 families residing in the county. The population density was 19 people per square mile (7/km²). There were 4,815 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 86.87% White, 1.56% Black or African American, 8.82% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.73% from other races, and 1.81% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.32% of the population.

There were 4,318 households out of which 31.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.80% were married couples living together, 9.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.70% were non-families. 28.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.40% under the age of 18, 7.40% from 18 to 24, 24.00% from 25 to 44, 22.70% from 45 to 64, and 19.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 93.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,971, and the median income for a family was $39,525. Males had a median income of $29,163 versus $19,829 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,163. About 10.60% of families and 12.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.40% of those under age 18 and 11.80% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Unified school districts[edit]

Communities[edit]

2005 KDOT Map of Brown County (map legend)

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Brown County is divided into ten townships. The cities of Hiawatha, Horton, and Sabetha are considered governmentally independent and are excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Hamlin 29725 344 3 (8) 106 (41) 0 (0) 0.18% 39°57′1″N 95°36′40″W / 39.95028°N 95.61111°W / 39.95028; -95.61111
Hiawatha 31700 739 4 (12) 164 (63) 0 (0) 0.18% 39°50′25″N 95°31′59″W / 39.84028°N 95.53306°W / 39.84028; -95.53306
Irving 34500 311 2 (6) 137 (53) 0 (0) 0.04% 39°57′24″N 95°23′36″W / 39.95667°N 95.39333°W / 39.95667; -95.39333
Mission 47200 645 3 (8) 219 (84) 2 (1) 0.73% 39°43′14″N 95°32′12″W / 39.72056°N 95.53667°W / 39.72056; -95.53667
Morrill 48325 Morrill 503 5 (12) 105 (41) 0 (0) 0.24% 39°56′23″N 95°43′20″W / 39.93972°N 95.72222°W / 39.93972; -95.72222
Padonia 54025 259 2 (6) 107 (41) 0 (0) 0.14% 39°57′2″N 95°31′4″W / 39.95056°N 95.51778°W / 39.95056; -95.51778
Powhattan 57375 874 4 (10) 232 (90) 0 (0) 0.06% 39°43′49″N 95°41′59″W / 39.73028°N 95.69972°W / 39.73028; -95.69972
Robinson 60350 Robinson 452 4 (10) 116 (45) 0 (0) 0.25% 39°48′29″N 95°23′49″W / 39.80806°N 95.39694°W / 39.80806; -95.39694
Walnut 74875 Fairview 665 4 (11) 161 (62) 1 (0) 0.46% 39°50′53″N 95°42′27″W / 39.84806°N 95.70750°W / 39.84806; -95.70750
Washington 75525 Everest 541 5 (12) 116 (45) 0 (0) 0.17% 39°41′43″N 95°24′41″W / 39.69528°N 95.41139°W / 39.69528; -95.41139
Sources: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. 

See also[edit]

Information on this and other counties in Kansas

Other information for Kansas

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 21, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Blackmar, Frank Wilson (1912). Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc.. Standard Publishing Company. p. 237. 
  4. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. Retrieved 2007-12-28. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ DeLorme (2003). Kansas Atlas & Gazetteer. p. 26. Yarmouth, Maine: DeLorme. ISBN 0-89933-342-7.
  7. ^ National Atlas
  8. ^ U.S. Census Bureau TIGER shape files
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 21, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 21, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 21, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 21, 2014. 
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

County
Maps