Bruce C. Murray
|Bruce C. Murray|
November 30, 1931|
New York City, New York, U.S.
|Died||August 29, 2013
Oceanside, California, U.S.
|Alma mater||MIT – Ph.D. geology (1955)|
(divorced; 3 children)
Education and early life
Murray received his Ph.D. in geology from Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in 1955 and joined Standard Oil of California as a geologist. He served in the United States Air Force as a geophysicist[clarification needed], and the U.S. Civil Service[clarification needed] before joining California Institute of Technology (Caltech) in 1960.
Murray began working at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory(managed by/affiliated with Caltech) in 1960, and served as its director from April 1, 1976 to June 30, 1982. He was an important force in promoting the recruitment and hiring of female engineers at the lab, where more women are employed today than any other NASA facility. Murray became JPL's director at a time when space exploration budgets were shrinking; among other achievements, he saved the Galileo mission to Jupiter from the budget axe.
Murray worked out the geologic history of Mars using photographs taken by Mariner 4 in 1965. He applied similar photographic analysis when he served as chief scientist of Mariner 10. As he took over management of JPL, he expressed reservations about the Viking lander program, pointing out that the biological experiments included with the spacecraft were not sufficient to accomplish their stated goals.
Personal life and death
Murray was twice married. With his first wife, Joan O'Brien, he had three children. Murray and O'Brien divorced in 1970. In 1971, Murray married Suzanne Murray, with whom he had two children.
Awards and honors
Murray was the recipient of the 1997 Carl Sagan Memorial Award.
In 2004, Murray was awarded the Telluride Tech Festival Award of Technology in Telluride, Colorado.
Asteroid 4957 Brucemurray is named after him.
On November 13, 2013, NASA announced the names of two features on Mars important to two active Mars exploration rovers in honor of Murray: "Murray Ridge", an uplifted crater that the Opportunity rover is exploring; and "Murray Buttes", an entryway the Curiosity rover will traverse on its way to Mount Sharp.
- Webster, Guy; Brown, Dwayne (November 13, 2013). "Mars Rover Teams Dub Sites In Memory of Bruce Murray". NASA. Retrieved November 14, 2013.
- Wilford, John Noble (August 29, 2013). "Bruce C. Murray, Who Helped Earth Learn of Mars, Dies at 81". The New York Times. Retrieved August 31, 2013.
- Reports of the President and the Treasurer - John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation. Google Books (John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation). 1973. Retrieved August 29, 2013.
- Schudel, Matt (August 30, 2013). "Bruce C. Murray, NASA space scientist, dies at 81". The Washington Post. Retrieved August 31, 2013.
- Manning, Sue (August 29, 2013). "Former JPL chief Bruce Murray dies of Alzheimer's". The Sacramento Bee. Retrieved August 29, 2013.
- Media related to Bruce Murray at Wikimedia Commons
- JPL History
- Murray's homepage
- Booknotes interview with Murray on Journey Into Space: The First Thirty Years of Space Exploration, August 20, 1989.