Bruce County

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Bruce County
Gaelic: Siorramachd Bhruis
County

Motto: "In Deo Imperium Sed Populus Administrat"  (Latin)
"Administration by the People, but under the authority of God"

Location of Bruce County In Ontario
Location of Bruce County In Ontario
Coordinates: 44°30′N 81°15′W / 44.500°N 81.250°W / 44.500; -81.250Coordinates: 44°30′N 81°15′W / 44.500°N 81.250°W / 44.500; -81.250
Country  Canada
Province  Ontario
County seat Walkerton, Ontario
Subdivisions
Government
 • Warden David Inglis
 • Chief Administrative Officer J. Wayne Jamieson
Area[1]
 • Land 3,982.52 km2 (1,537.66 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 64,709
 • Density 16.2/km2 (42/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Primary Highways 21, 9, and 6

Bruce County is a county in Southwestern Ontario, Canada, and includes the Bruce Peninsula. The county seat is Walkerton, Ontario.

The name of the county is linked to the Bruce Trail and the Bruce Peninsula, which the trail runs through. Officially, Bruce County is named for James Bruce, 8th Earl of Elgin and 12th Earl of Kincardine, sixth Governor General of the Province of Canada.

The county contains the Bruce Peninsula National Park. Notable towns include Tobermory and Wiarton, home of the weather predicting groundhog Wiarton Willie.

Subdivisions[edit]

Towns

Township

Municipalities

Independent of Bruce County but within the Bruce census division are two First Nations reserves:

Historic townships[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historic population:

  • 2011: 64,709 (5-year population growth: 1.1%)
  • 2006: 64,000 (5-year population growth: 2.2%)
  • 2001: 62,628 (5-year population growth: -3.7%)
  • 1996: 65,042

Figures below are for the Bruce census division, which consists of Bruce County and two First Nations reserves.

Visible Minorities and Aboriginals
Group 2011 Census 2006 Census 2001 Census 1996 Census
Population  % of total Population  % of Total Population  % of Total Population  % of Total
Aboriginal 2,185 3.4 1,820 2.9 1,220 1.9
Visible Minority 965 1.5 595 0.9 590 0.9
All other 61,405 95.1 60,520 96.2 63,120 97.2
Total 64,555 100.0 62,935 100.0 64,930 100.0
Population by mother tongue
Group 2011 Census 2006 Census 2001 Census 1996 Census
Population  % of total Population  % of Total Population  % of Total Population  % of Total
English 59,450 92.2 58,530 93.1 60,865 93.9
French 540 0.8 585 0.9 650 1.0
English and French 50 - 30 - 90 -
All other 4,510 7.0 3,800 6.0 3,325 5.1
Total 64,555 100.0 62,935 100.0 64,930 100.0

Attractions[edit]

Bruce County Museum and Archives
  • Arabia Shipwreck (Northern Bruce Peninsula)
  • Avalon Voyageur II Shipwreck (Northern Bruce Peninsula)
  • Big Tub Light (Northern Bruce Peninsula)
  • Bluewater Park, Wiarton (South Bruce Peninsula)
  • Bluewater Summer Festival Theatre (Kincardine)
  • Bruce County Museum (Saugeen Shores)
  • Bruce Trail
  • Bruce Nuclear Generating Station (Tiverton)
  • Cabot Head Light and Heritage Museum (Northern Bruce Peninsula)
  • Cascaden Shipwreck (Northern Bruce Peninsula)
  • Cassel's Cove Shipwreck (Northern Bruce Peninsula)
  • Chantry Island Light (Saugeen Shores)
  • Charles P. Minch Shipwreck (Northern Bruce Peninsula)
  • China Shipwreck (Northern Bruce Peninsula)
  • Cove Island Point (Northern Bruce Peninsula)
  • Devil's Monument (Northern Bruce Peninsula)
  • Flowerpot Island Light (Northern Bruce Peninsula)
  • Flowerpot Rocks (Northern Bruce Peninsula)
  • Forest City Shipwreck (Northern Bruce Peninsula)
  • Gargantua Shipwreck (Northern Bruce Peninsula)
  • Gat Point Shipwreck (Northern Bruce Peninsula)
  • Gillies Hill Ghost Town (Arran-Elderslie)
  • Hanover/Saugeen Airport (Brockton)
  • Indian Head Cove Caves and Grotto (Northern Bruce Peninsula)
  • James C. King Shipwreck (Northern Bruce Peninsula)
  • John Walters Shipwreck (Northern Bruce Peninsula)
  • Kincardine Airport (Kincardine)
  • Kincardine Rear Range Light and Museum (Kincardine)
  • Lady Dufferin Shipwreck (Northern Bruce Peninsula)
  • Larkwhistle Garden (Northern Bruce Peninsula)
  • Malcolm Ghost Town (Brockton)
  • Marble bedded lake (Northern Bruce Peninsula)
  • Marion L. Breck Shipwreck (Northern Bruce Peninsula)
  • M.S. Chi-Cheemaun (Northern Bruce Peninsula)
  • Newaygo Shipwreck (Northern Bruce Peninsula)
  • Philo Scoville Shipwreck (Northern Bruce Peninsula)
  • Point Clark Lighthouse Museum (Huron-Kinloss)
  • Point Clark Lighthouse National Historic Site (Huron-Kinloss)
  • Points West Shipwreck (Northern Bruce Peninsula)
  • Port Elgin Airport (Saugeen Shores)
  • Sauble Beach Amusements (South Bruce)
  • Sauble Speedway (South Bruce)
  • Saugeen Amphitheatre (Saugeen 29)
  • Saugeen River (canoeing)
  • Saugeen Trail (Saugeen Shores)
  • Sweetwater Cruise (Northern Bruce Peninsula)
  • The Peninsula and St. Edmunds Museum (Northern Bruce Peninsula)
  • The Scenic Caves (Northern Bruce Peninsula)
  • Tobermory Airport (Northern Bruce Peninsula)
  • Treasure Chest Museum (Arran-Elderslie)
  • Wiarton Willie (South Bruce Peninsula)
  • W.L. Wetmore Shipwreck (Northern Bruce Peninsula)

Protected Areas[edit]

  • Arran Lake Conservation Area
  • Black Creek Provincial Park
  • Brucedale Conservation Area
  • Bruce Peninsula National Park
    • Cyprus Lake
  • Cabot Head Provincial Nature Reserve
  • Chantry Island National Migratory Bird Sanctuary
  • Denny's Dam Conservation Area
  • Fathom Five National Marine Park
    • Flowerpot Island
  • Glammis Bog Conservation Area
  • Greenoch Swamp Wetland Complex Conservation Area
  • Hardwood Hills Conservation Area
  • Hope Bay Forest Provincial Nature Reserve
  • Inverhuron Provincial Park
  • Johnston Harbour Pine Tree Point Provincial Nature Reserve
  • Lion's Head Provincial Nature Reserve
  • Little Cove Provincial Nature Reserve
  • Lockerby Conservation Area
  • MacGregor Point Provincial Park
    • Algonquin
    • Huron
    • Nipissing
  • McBeath Conservation Area
  • McMaster Island Provincial Nature Reserve
  • Rankin Provincial Resource Management Area
  • Sauble Falls Provincial Park
  • Saugeen Bluffs Conservation Area
  • Smoky Head - White Bluff Provincial Nature Reserve
  • Spirit Rock Conservation Area
  • Stoney Island Conservation Area
  • Tara Conservation Area

Hungerford's crawling water beetle[edit]

Bruce County is home to one of the most critically endangered of all insects: the Hungerford's crawling water beetle. The only known population of Hungerford's crawling water beetles outside of the United States were discovered in the North Saugeen River near Scone. In 1986, 42 beetles were identified at a site downstream from a dam there. An unspecified number of beetles were last recorded in 2001, but surveys in 2002 uncovered no specimens. As a result, the status of the Bruce County population of Hungerford's crawling water beetles is uncertain at present.

Although the Hungerford's crawling water beetle was categorized as endangered on March 7, 1994, under the provisions of the U.S. Endangered Species Act, it is currently not protected in Canada.

Highways[edit]

Highways in Bruce include:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Bruce County census profile". 2011 Census of Population. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-03-16. 
  2. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2012-02-08. 
  3. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012. Retrieved 2012-02-08. 

External links[edit]