Bruce Golding

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The Honourable
Bruce Golding
Bruce Golding.jpg
8th Prime Minister of Jamaica
In office
11 September 2007 – 23 October 2011
Monarch Elizabeth II
Governor General Kenneth Hall
Patrick Allen
Deputy Kenneth Baugh
Preceded by Portia Simpson-Miller
Succeeded by Andrew Holness
Leader of the Labour Party
In office
24 January 2005 – 20 November 2011
Preceded by Edward Seaga
Succeeded by Andrew Holness
Leader of the Opposition
In office
24 January 2005 – 11 September 2007
Prime Minister Percival Patterson
Portia Simpson-Miller
Preceded by Edward Seaga
Succeeded by Portia Simpson-Miller
Member of Parliament
for Kingston West
In office
24 January 2005 – 29 December 2011
Preceded by Edward Seaga
Succeeded by Desmond McKenzie
Personal details
Born (1947-12-05) 5 December 1947 (age 67)
Chapelton, Jamaica
Political party Labour Party
Spouse(s) Lorna Golding
Alma mater University of the West Indies (B.A)

Orette Bruce Golding (born 5 December 1947) is a former Jamaican politician who served as eighth Prime Minister of Jamaica from 11 September 2007 to 23 October 2011. He is a member of the Jamaica Labour Party which he led from 2005 to his resignation in 2011.

Biography[edit]

He is the son of Tacius Golding and Enid Golding (née Bent, died 13 September 2011 [1]), both teachers. Bruce was the third of four children: The second—the only girl—died shortly after birth. In 1949, when he was only two years old, his family moved to St. Faiths district near Browns Hall, St. Catherine where he spent the next five years. In 1955, his mother accepted a teaching post at Alpha Academy in Kingston. This necessitated that the family relocate to Kingston.

As a child, Golding grew up in a political environment. He was only two years old in 1949 when his father was first elected as a Member of the House of Representatives for West St. Catherine, a seat that he retained for 22 years until his retirement in 1972. Tacius Golding was the first Speaker of the House in Independent Jamaica and also served as Parliamentary Secretary in the Ministry of Housing.

Golding, the leader of the Jamaica Labour Party (JLP), became Prime Minister following his party's slim victory in the 3 September 2007 general election and Prime Minister Portia Simpson-Miller's concession of defeat two days later. He was sworn in by the Governor-General of Jamaica on 11 September 2007. Golding is the nation's eighth prime minister since independence.[2]

Golding was the founder of the National Democratic Movement (NDM). He was formerly the chairman of the JLP before he and others felt the need to split and form the new NDM in 1995. In 2002, he rejoined the JLP and in November 2003 was again elected chairman of the Party.

He was elected leader of the JLP, and also the leader of the opposition, on 20 February 2005, succeeding Edward Seaga. Golding is a second-generation member of the JLP. His father, Tacius Golding, served as a member of parliament, and Speaker of the House of Representatives from 1962.

He is married to Lorna Golding and has three children: Sherene, Steven, and Ann-Merita.

Bruce Golding has represented three different constituencies as a Member of Parliament, West St. Catherine, Central St. Catherine, and Kingston West. While serving as prime minister, Golding and also hosted Jamaica House Live, a monthly talk show.

In May 2008, in an interview with Stephen Sackur of the BBC, he declared that any cabinet formed by him would exclude any MP known to be gay.[3] In previous statements, Golding has stated that he and his party strongly opposed public displays of homosexuality in Jamaica and that he felt that they should continue to be illegal in keeping with Jamaican societal norms.[4]

In April 2011 Bruce Golding has also said that Jamaica should break its ties with the British monarchy and become a republic [5] Speaking during a budget debate Golding said;"Transforming Jamaica from a monarchical to a republican state means no disrespect, and must not be interpreted this way".

Education[edit]

Bruce Golding spent five years at St. George’s College, and later transferred to Jamaica College to pursue A Level studies. Golding entered the University of the West Indies (UWI) in 1966 and graduated in 1969 with a BSc degree in Economics (2nd class Honours) majoring in public administration.[6]

Issues in power[edit]

Criminal Affiliate Accusation[edit]

An ABC Network article reported that Bruce Golding was a ‘criminal affiliated of Christopher Coke ’. The article referred to a U.S government document to sustain its position. [7] Mr. Golding categorically denied the accusation and this "U.S government document" has still not been produced. [8]

Manatt, Phelps & Phillips and Christopher "Dudus" Coke extradition request[edit]

In a sitting of Parliament on 16 March 2010, Opposition member Dr. Peter Phillips made reference to an alleged contractual arrangement between the Government and a United States law firm Manatt, Phelps & Phillips to lobby the US Government on a treaty dispute[9] between the two countries that had arisen as a result of the Jamaican Government refusing to sign an extradition request for Christopher 'Dudus' Coke, who is wanted in the US on charges relating to narcotics, arms and ammunition trafficking.[10] The Golding Administration refused to sign the extradition request on the basis that the evidence was obtained contrary to Jamaican laws. Golding denied claims that Manatt, Phelps & Phillips was contracted to represent the Jamaican Government.[11]

Golding with the President of Brazil, Lula da Silva.

A US Justice Department filing under the Foreign Agents Registration Act (FARA) showed that Manatt, Phelps & Phillips had secured a contract worth US $400,000 to represent the Jamaican government in the treaty dispute.[12][13] Karl Samuda, Minister of Industry, Investment and Commerce, made a statement in which he noted that unnamed members of the Jamaica Labour Party had approached Harold Brady, to see whether—through his wide network of international contacts—he could assist in facilitating the opening of discussions between the US authorities and the Government of Jamaica, and thereby seek to resolve what had become a treaty dispute between the US and Jamaica.[14] In a statement made by Golding on 11 May 2010 in Parliament, he revealed that he had sanctioned the initiative to lobby the US Government but that the initiative was to be undertaken by the Jamaica Labour Party and not on behalf of the government.[15][16]

Following his revelation, the Opposition People's National Party; its youth arm, the PNPYO; and the National Democratic Movement called for his resignation as Prime Minister.[17] Manatt, Phelps & Phillips maintains that they were contracted on behalf of the Jamaican Government through Harold C.W. Brady of Brady and Co and have since severed ties with the Jamaican Government.[18]

On 17 May 2010, in a televised address to the nation,[19] Golding apologised to the Jamaican people for his involvement in the Manatt affair. He stated that he was prepared to step aside as Prime Minister and leader of the Party in a meeting of the party executive. The executive rejected his offer and reassured their support for his role as party leader and Prime Minister. In his statement, he outlined new measures including assigning some of his portfolio responsibilities to other government Ministers, and a renewed thrust to enact legislation for: the impeachment of parliamentary members, term limits for the office of Prime Minister and political party finance reform.[20] He also confirmed that Attorney General and Minister of Justice Dorothy Lightbourne will sign the authorisation for the US authorities to commence the extradition case against Christopher Coke.[21]

State of emergency[edit]

Following the televised address, supporters of Christopher Coke began erecting barricades to the entrances of the Tivoli Gardens Community. This continued for several days as the security forces prepared to enter Tivoli Gardens to serve Coke with the warrant for his arrest. On 23 May 2010 police stations[22] in and around downtown Kingston came under gunfire, and two were set ablaze and later burnt to the ground allegedly by supporters of Coke. Following the attack on the police forces, Golding initiated a state of public emergency on 23 May 2010,[23] limited to the parishes of Kingston and St Andrew,[24][25] giving the security forces extraordinary powers to maintain law and order. The Jamaica Constabulary Force and the Jamaica Defence Force mounted a joint operation to enter the community, with the objectives being to arrest Coke, clear the blockades, restore law and order and recover illegal guns believed to be in the community. The security forces met with armed resistance from thugs later discovered to be hired guns of Coke. The siege lasted for several days and left 73 civilians[26] and 3 members of the security forces (2 JCF and 1 JDF) dead, 36 weapons and 9,241 rounds of ammunition recovered.[27]

Vote of no confidence[edit]

Following the revelation that he had sanctioned the initiative for the Jamaica Labour Party to hire US lobbying firm Manatt, Phelps & Phillips and his handling of the extradition request for Christopher "Dudus" Coke, members and groups of civil society, church groups and political parties called for his resignation. With the backing of his party, the Prime Minister maintained that he would continue his term as Prime Minister. This prompted the opposition People's National Party to table a motion of no confidence.[28][29][30] The opposition leader, Portia Simpson-Miller, led the debate in Parliament outlining the arguments for Golding's removal from office and moving that he be censured. The debate lasted for four hours, and at the end the motion was defeated 30–28, with members of the House of Representatives voting strictly on party lines.

Resignation[edit]

On 25 September 2011, Golding advised the JLP's Central Executive—the second highest decision-making body for the party outside the All-Island General Conference—of his intention not to seek re-election as Leader of the Jamaica Labour Party at the party's conference in November 2011 and, upon the election of a new party leader, his intention to step down as Prime Minister of Jamaica.

The Central Executive voted unanimously at its quarterly meeting at the party's Belmont Road headquarters on 25 September 2011, to reject Golding's resignation; however, words from the Information Minister Daryl Vaz, a close confidante of Golding, were that Golding's decision would remain despite the rejection by the Central Executive.

Golding, in a brief written statement, said:

"The challenges of the last four years have taken their toll and it was appropriate now to make way for new leadership to continue the programmes of economic recovery and transformation, while mobilising the party for victory in the next general election."

LGBT[edit]

During an interview with BBC Hardtalk in 2008, Golding said that he would not allow gay people to be part of his cabinet. He has justified the illegality of homosexual acts by Christian values and the integrity of the family.[31][32]

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.jamaicaobserver.com/news/Death-of-PM-s-mom-saddens-JLP--PNP_9711775
  2. ^ Edmond Campbell, "Bruce takes charge – Golding sworn in as Jamaica's eighth Prime Minister", Jamaica Gleaner, 12 September 2007.
  3. ^ Premierminister: Homosexualität ist nicht jamaikanisch, queer.de, 23. Mai 2008 (german)
  4. ^ Golding says 'no' to homosexuality Jamaica Observer, 8 July 2007
  5. ^ http://m.jamaicaobserver.com/mobile/columns/The-great-2012-race--Bruce-vs-The-Queen_9113779
  6. ^ http://www.jis.gov.jm/minister%20profiles/html/0a.htm
  7. ^ http://abcnews.go.com/Blotter/jamaica-christopher-dudus-coke-escaped-security-forces-assault/story?id=10737428&page=1#.UZBFJ7WG1V8
  8. ^ http://jamaica-gleaner.com/latest/article.php?id=19595
  9. ^ "Jamaica Gleaner News – Opposition, Gov't lock horns over Brady contract – Lead Stories – Wednesday | March 17, 2010". Jamaica-gleaner.com. 17 March 2010. Retrieved 22 May 2010. 
  10. ^ http://amlawdaily.typepad.com/files/coke-christopher-michael-s15-indictment-1.pdf
  11. ^ "Jamaica Gleaner News – The unfolding of the Manatt saga – What the Gov't has said ... – News – Thursday | May 13, 2010". Jamaica-gleaner.com. Retrieved 22 May 2010. 
  12. ^ Eggen, Dan (16 April 2010). "U.S.-Jamaica relations tested by lobbying dispute". Washingtonpost.com. Retrieved 22 May 2010. 
  13. ^ "For Manatt, New Twist in Extradition Controversy". Amlawdaily.typepad.com. Retrieved 22 May 2010. 
  14. ^ "Document1" (PDF). Retrieved 22 May 2010. 
  15. ^ "Statement by Prime Minister Bruce Golding on the Manatt Affair :: News". Go-Jamaica. Retrieved 22 May 2010. 
  16. ^ Brian Baxter (14 May 2010). "Jamaican Prime Minister: I OK'd Hiring Manatt, but Party Paid". Law.com. Retrieved 22 May 2010. 
  17. ^ "Radiojamaica.com... today's news... today – Offline". Radiojamaica.com. Retrieved 22 May 2010. [dead link]
  18. ^ "Manatt, Phelps and Phillips severs ties with Jamaica Government". Csmenetwork.com. 1 April 2010. Retrieved 22 May 2010. 
  19. ^ "Radiojamaica.com... today's news... today – Offline". Radiojamaica.com. Retrieved 22 May 2010. [dead link]
  20. ^ "Address To The Nation By The Prime Minister Of Jamaica, The Hon Bruce Golding – Jamaica Information Service". Jis.gov.jm. Retrieved 22 May 2010. 
  21. ^ "Jamaica to sign Dudus extradition request – Breaking & Current Jamaica News". JamaicaObserver.com. 17 May 2010. Retrieved 22 May 2010. 
  22. ^ http://www.jamaicaobserver.com/news/Hannah-Town-police-station-ablaze
  23. ^ http://www.opm.gov.jm/news_and_public_affairs/state_of_emergency_from_may_22_kingston_and_st_andrew
  24. ^ "Jamaica declares emergency in capital after attacks". Reuters. 23 May 2010. 
  25. ^ http://www.opm.gov.jm/news_and_public_affairs/summation_of_state_of_emergency_regulations
  26. ^ http://www.opm.gov.jm/news_and_public_affairs/73_bodies_recovered_from_tivoli_gardens
  27. ^ http://www.opm.gov.jm/news_and_public_affairs/more_guns_unearthed_in_tivoli
  28. ^ http://www.jamaicaobserver.com/news/PM-defeats-no-confidence-motion_7668666
  29. ^ http://www.go-jamaica.com/news/read_article.php?id=19786
  30. ^ http://www1.voanews.com/english/news/americas/Jamaican-PM-Survives-No-Confidence-Vote-in-Parliament-95410379.html
  31. ^ Violent prejudice against Jamaica's gay people must stop retrieved 19 May 2012
  32. ^ Is Jamaica homophobic retrieved 19 May

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Portia Simpson-Miller
Prime Minister of Jamaica
2007–2011
Succeeded by
Andrew Holness