||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (June 2008)|
Grobbelaar in 2008
|Full name||Bruce David Grobbelaar|
|Date of birth||6 October 1957|
|Place of birth||Durban, Union of South Africa|
|Height||6 ft 1 in (1.85 m)|
|1979–1980||→ Crewe Alexandra (loan)||24||(1)|
|1993||→ Stoke City (loan)||4||(0)|
|* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only.
† Appearances (Goals).
Bruce David Grobbelaar (born 6 October 1957) is a retired football goalkeeper who represented Zimbabwe at international level and a number of clubs, most prominently the English team Liverpool, during a professional career spanning more than 20 years. He is remembered for his gymnastic-like athletic ability, unflappable confidence and eccentric and flamboyant style of play.
Grobbelaar was born in South Africa, but raised in neighbouring Rhodesia (today Zimbabwe). After playing for several Rhodesian and South African clubs and serving in the Rhodesian Army, he joined the Vancouver Whitecaps of the North American Soccer League in 1979. He gained Liverpool's attention during a loan spell at Crewe Alexandra during the 1979–80 season, and signed for the Merseyside club in 1981. Making 628 appearances for Liverpool over the next 13 years, including 440 in the League, he won the League championship with the club six times, as well as three FA Cups, three League Cups and the 1983–84 European Cup.
Grobbalaar left Liverpool for Southampton in 1994, transferred to Plymouth Argyle two years later, and thereafter played for an assortment of English lower-league teams, never for more than a few games. He last played for Zimbabwe in 1998.
In his teenage years, Grobbelaar was a talented cricketer and was offered a baseball scholarship in the United States, but a career in football was his main ambition. His footballing career started with a Bulawayo-based team, Highlanders FC, in Rhodesia's second biggest city. In his late teens he was signed up by Durban City Football Club in South Africa, but left claiming to have been sidelined owing to his colour in this predominantly black team — the team had played in an all-white league until the previous year. Immediately after leaving Highlands Park, he signed up for National Service, spending two years on active service in the Rhodesia Regiment during the Rhodesian Bush War. In 1979 Grobbelaar was signed up by the Vancouver Whitecaps of the NASL after he had attended their scouting camp in South Africa.
At the Vancouver Whitecaps, Grobbelaar played under the management of former England and Blackpool goalkeeper, Tony Waiters, making his debut on 4 August 1979 against the Los Angeles Aztecs away. The Whitecaps lost 0–2, Johan Cruyff scoring one of the Aztecs' goals. Grobbelaar spent the rest of the season as second choice to former Wolverhampton Wanderers keeper Phil Parkes.
During 1979, he visited England to see family friends, and a chance phone call from Ron Atkinson, brought him an impromptu trial with West Bromwich Albion. Atkinson was keen to sign Grobbelaar but owing to difficulties over gaining a work permit, the deal fell through. In stepped Crewe Alexandra, signing Grobbelaar on loan on 18 December 1979. In an early League appearance for the Railwaymen in Division 4, the unknown Grobbelaar was named on the Team Sheet in the York City Match Day Programme as "Bill Grobbelaar". During his time at Crewe, Grobbelaar played 24 League games and scored his only professional goal, a penalty, in his last game. By good fortune, on the evening when he gave his greatest performance for Crewe, he was spotted by Liverpool's head scout Tom Saunders.
At the end of the loan period, Grobbelaar returned to Vancouver for the 1980 NASL season. Although the Whitecaps had signed former Scotland international David Harvey from Leeds United, Grobbelaar emerged as first choice and became a cult figure for the Whitecaps faithful.
By the time Liverpool FC had completed their research on Grobbelaar, he had returned to Vancouver with his loan spell now over. Liverpool approached Tony Waiters with the idea of taking Grobbelaar to Anfield, and Waiters, who had a working relationship with Liverpool in the 1970s, paved the way for the move. Grobbelaar signed for Liverpool for £250,000 on 17 March 1981 as their reserve goalkeeper, but in mid-1981, regular goalkeeper Ray Clemence's surprise departure to Tottenham Hotspur gave Grobbelaar his opportunity.
Grobbelaar made his debut on 28 August 1981 but failed to prevent Wolverhampton Wanderers winning the league fixture 1–0 at Molineux. Also making their debuts were defender Mark Lawrenson and midfielder Craig Johnston. His first clean sheet came a fortnight later at Anfield on 5 September, Arsenal were the visitors who were beaten by a 2–0 scoreline.
Grobbelaar's early days as No.1 were strewn with errors and the Reds struggled to obtain any sort of consistency, Grobbelaar taking a lot of the blame. By the end of the calendar year Liverpool were mid table in the league and looked to be out of the running for title honours, especially as they had just lost to Manchester City 3–1 at Anfield in the Boxing Day fixture – a defeat which put John Bond's team top of the league. The New Year brought a new momentum as Bob Paisley began to get the best out of his players; they began the year in South Wales visiting the Vetch Field to play Swansea City in the FA Cup, Liverpool were in fine form and thumped their hosts 4–0. This set them on their way in the league and dropped just seven of the 50 available points overhauling the points gap that Ipswich Town had opened on them.
During the period 1981–1994, Grobbelaar played 627 first team games for Liverpool, becoming known for his eccentric and flamboyant style. In 1984, the European Cup final between Liverpool and A.S. Roma finished 1–1 after extra time, and went to a penalty shootout. As Roma's Bruno Conti prepared to take his kick, Grobbelaar walked towards the goal smiling confidently at the cameras lined-up behind, then proceeded to bite the back of the net, in imitation of eating spaghetti. Conti sent his spot kick over the bar. Grobbelaar then produced a similar performance before Francesco Graziani took his kick, famously wobbling his legs in mock terror. Graziani duly missed and Liverpool went on to win the shootout 4–2, making Grobbelaar the first African (Coluna, Eusébio, Santana, Costa Pereira and Águas were all born in Africa but Mozambique and Angola were under Portuguese rule and played for the Portuguese national team) to win a European Cup/Champions League winner's medal.
Grobbelaar was retained by three of Liverpool's greatest managers; Paisley, Fagan and Dalglish, over a period of 13 years. His strengths were his gymnastic-like agility, and an unflappable confidence. He was never afraid to be seen to berate his defenders if he thought they had given easy opportunities to the opposition, most famously in his verbal assault on Jim Beglin in the first all Merseyside FA Cup final against Everton in 1986. Over the course of his Liverpool career he won more medals than any of his contemporaries.
Although there were occasional challenges to his position as Liverpool's number 1, Grobbelaar was a virtual ever-present from Clemence's departure to the start of the 1990s which coincided with the end of the clubs dominance. He was an ever-present in his first five league campaigns at Anfield, when Liverpool were champions four times and runners-up on the other occasion. However, in 1988–89, injuries and illness restricted his first team opportunities and he played 21 times in the league, with Mike Hooper taking his place on the other 17 occasions. However, he was fit to face Everton in the 3–2 FA Cup win on 20 May 1989, though six days later he conceded a last minute goal to Arsenal midfielder Michael Thomas on the final day of the league season as the league title was wrenched from Liverpool's grasp and headed to Highbury instead. A month earlier, he played in the FA Cup semi-final win over Nottingham Forest which was played at Old Trafford after the original match at Hillsborough was cancelled due to the tragedy that led to 96 fans dying on terracing just behind Grobbelaar's goal. Grobbelaar attended many of the victim's funerals.
It was the signing of David James from Watford in mid-1992 that spelt the beginning of the end for Grobbelaar. Although James struggled to impress at first, Grobbelaar's insistence on playing for Zimbabwe gave James chances; Grobbelaar only played six times for Liverpool during 1992–93,and even spent a period on loan at Stoke City. James's uncertainty allowed Grobbelaar to regain his place in the first team at the start of the 1993–94 season, in which his performance, like the team's, started well but fell away badly. In a notorious incident in a Merseyside derby that year, Grobelaar even physically assaulted young team mate Steve McManaman. He was ever-present until he was injured in the final minute of a 2–0 defeat at Leeds United on 19 February 1994. It turned out to be his final appearance for the club.
In 14 years at the club, he had won six league title medals, three FA Cup winner's medal, three Football League Cup winner's medals and a European Cup winner's medal.
Grobbelaar left Liverpool in mid-1994, transferring on a free to Southampton. He made his debut on 20 August 1994 in the 1–1 league draw with Blackburn Rovers at The Dell. He spent two seasons with the Saints competing with another goalkeeper with a reputation for eccentricity, Dave Beasant. Despite the fuss caused by the match-fixing allegations (see below), manager Alan Ball maintained faith in him, and he kept his place in the team for most of the 1994–95 season.
Allegations that Grobbelar had been match-fixing first appeared in November 1994. Nevertheless, in his next game, at home to Arsenal, he managed to keep a clean sheet despite the media frenzy that surrounded the game. The Southern Daily Echo reported that Grobbelaar was "swept along on a tidal wave of emotion, to emerge triumphant from the toughest match of his life".
Grobbelaar spent the 1996–1997 season with Plymouth, after which he spent short spells at Oxford United, Sheffield Wednesday, Oldham Athletic, Chesham United, Bury, Lincoln City and Northwich Victoria over the next 2 years before returning to his native country.
Grobbelaar played for Rhodesia, as an 18-year old in a friendly against South Africa. Grobbelaar first played for Zimbabwe in qualifying for the 1982 World Cup and he earned 32 caps for the Zimbabwe national football team between 1980 and 1998.
On 10 November 1994, Grobbelaar was accused by the British tabloid newspaper The Sun of match fixing during his time at Liverpool to benefit a betting syndicate, after being caught on videotape discussing match-fixing. He was charged with conspiracy to corrupt, along with the Wimbledon goalkeeper Hans Segers and Aston Villa striker John Fashanu (only recently signed from Wimbledon), and a Malaysian businessman, Heng Suan Lim.
Despite these allegations, Grobbelaar and Segers were allowed to continue playing, while Fashanu retired from playing less than a year after being charged.
Grobbelaar pleaded not guilty, claiming he was only gathering evidence with the intent of taking it to the police. After two successive trials, in both of which the jury could not agree on a verdict, he and his co-defendants were cleared in November 1997. Grobbelaar later sued The Sun for libel and was awarded £85,000. The Sun appealed, and the case was eventually taken to the House of Lords where it was found that, though the specific allegations had not been proved, there was adequate evidence of dishonesty. The Lords slashed his award to £1, the lowest libel damages possible under English law, and ordered him to pay The Sun's legal costs, estimated at £500,000. In his judgement, Lord Bingham of Cornhill observed:
"The tort of defamation protects those whose reputations have been unlawfully injured. It affords little or no protection to those who have, or deserve to have, no reputation deserving of legal protection. Until 9 November 1994 when the newspaper published its first articles about him, the appellant's public reputation was unblemished. But he had in fact acted in a way in which no decent or honest footballer would act and in a way which could, if not exposed and stamped on, undermine the integrity of a game which earns the loyalty and support of millions."
Grobbelaar was unable to pay the costs and was declared bankrupt.
He and Segers did not retire from playing until some time after being cleared of their involvement in the alleged match fixing.
Retirement and coaching
Grobbelaar moved back to South Africa where he coached a number of teams with various degrees of success. He managed Seven Stars in 1999 and took the team from the relegation zone to finish fourth in the final league table. In 2001 he took over struggling Hellenic. While at the club, he saved them from relegation, and played in their last match of the season, against Kaizer Chiefs, staring the game, and substituting himself after 20 minutes. He was the oldest player ever to have played in the South African league, at 44 years old, until his record was beaten in 2013 by fellow keeper Andre Arendse. He also spent time coaching Supersport United, Manning Rangers (2004) and Umtata Bush Bucks (2004), as well as in his native Zimbabwe, where he was twice briefly player-manager of Zimbabwe's national team.
Grobbelaar came back to the United Kingdom briefly to help coach a number of clubs. Grobbelaar has recently[when?] stated that he "hopes to one day return to Anfield as the manager of Liverpool FC."
Grobbelaar returned to England in 2006 to play in a replay of the 1986 FA cup final against Everton for the Marina Dalglish Appeal, a charity for Cancer research set up by former team-mate and manager Kenny Dalglish and his wife, Marina, a cancer survivor. Liverpool won the match 1–0.
Grobbelaar played in the Sky One's The Match in 2004 and The Match 3 in 2006, keeping a clean sheet in both games.
Grobbelaar, also known as "Brucie", is still a firm favourite amongst the Anfield faithful, and was voted as No.17 in a poll 100 Players Who Shook The Kop conducted in mid-2006 by the official Liverpool Football Club website. Over 110,000 worldwide voted for their best 10 players in the Anfield club's history, with Grobbelaar finishing 2nd in the goalkeeping stakes.
In March 2007, Liverpool's official website announced that Grobbelaar would come out of retirement for a one-off game and play for non-league Castleford side Glasshoughton Welfare to help them in their fight for survival. He played against Maltby Main on 14 April 2007, helping Glasshoughton to a 2–1 win.
On 16 April 2009 episode of ITV's Hell's Kitchen Grobbelaar wore a black armband on his left arm in remembrance of the 20th Anniversary of the Hillsborough disaster. On 22 April, he left the show citing a need to be reunited with his wife.
He was persuaded to play for Winterbourne United in their Gloucestershire FA Trophy game against Patchway Town on 5 December 2009 but in the end did not make an appearance. Winterbourne at that time were managed by Nicky Tanner, who was a team mate of Grobbelaar at Liverpool.
- Sourced from The English National Football Archive
|Club||Season||League||FA Cup||League Cup||Europe||Other[A]||Total|
|Crewe Alexandra||1979–80||Fourth Division||24||1||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||24||1|
|Stoke City (loan)||1992–93||Second Division||4||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||4||0|
|Plymouth Argyle||1996–97||Second Division||36||0||3||0||2||0||0||0||0||0||41||0|
|Oldham Athletic||1997–98||Second Division||4||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||4||0|
|Lincoln City||1998–99||Second Division||2||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||2||0|
- A. ^ The "Other" column constitutes appearances and goals in the Charity Shield, Screen Sport Super Cup, Intercontinental Cup & Centenary Trophy.
As a player
- Football League First Division: 1981–82, 1982–83, 1983–84, 1985–86, 1987–88, 1989–90
- FA Cup: 1986, 1989, 1992
- League Cup: 1982, 1983, 1984
- FA Charity Shield: 1986*, 1988, 1989, 1990* (* shared)
- European Cup: 1984
- Super Cup: 1986
- Football League First Division : 1984–85, 1986–87, 1988–89, 1990–91
- FA Cup: 1988
- League Cup: 1987
- FA Charity Shield: 1983, 1986
- European Cup: 1985
- UEFA Super Cup: 1985
- Intercontinental Cup: 1981, 1984
Appearances in popular culture
- Grobbelaar made a guest appearance as himself in an episode of Brookside, the Liverpool based TV soap opera on Channel 4, which was aired on 14 January 1994.
- Bruce Grobbelaar, More than Somewhat: Autobiography, Collins Willow, 1986 ISBN 0-00-218188-6
- "Wolverhampton Wanderers 1–0 Liverpool". LFC History. 29 August 1981. Retrieved 13 August 2010.
- "Liverpool 2–0 Arsenal". LFC History. 5 September 1981. Retrieved 13 August 2010.
- "Broadcast Yourself". YouTube. Retrieved 16 November 2009.[dead link]
- "Fight club: when team-mates fall out". Telegraph. 4 April 2005. Retrieved 16 November 2009.
- Holley, Duncan; Chalk, Gary (2003). In That Number – A post-war chronicle of Southampton FC. Hagiology. p. 521. ISBN 0-9534474-3-X.
- In That Number. pp. 236–241.
- In That Number. p. 237.
- In That Number. p. 245.
- "I-SAVED.jpg (image)". 3.bp.blogspot.com. Retrieved 2012-08-15.
- Grobbelaar v. News Group Newspapers Ltd  1 WLR 3024 at 3037
- "Bruce Grobbelaar Funny Paddy Power Ad". YouTube. 27 July 2009. Retrieved 16 November 2009.
- "Non-League side want Liverpool legend Bruce Grobbelaar for Gloucestershire Cup assault". London: Daily Mail. 17 November 2009. Retrieved 9 September 2010.
- White, Jim (14 April 2007). "Grobbelaar saves day for struggling minnows". London: Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 9 September 2010.
- "Grobbelaar quits Hell's Kitchen". BBC. 22 April 2009. Retrieved 23 April 2009.
- "Grobbelaar says yes to Winterbourne". Bristol Evening Post. 18 November 2009. Retrieved 9 September 2010.
- CBC Newfoundland
- "Brookside guide-34". Brooksidesoapbox.co.uk. 15 January 1994. Retrieved 2012-08-15.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bruce Grobbelaar.|
- Bruce Grobbelaar Biography and Info and The Gordon Poole Agency
- Bruce Grobbelaar career stats at Soccerbase
- Official Liverpool FC profile
- Player profile at LFChistory.net
- 60 mins interview with Bruce Grobbelaar Interview from LFC TV
- NASL stats
- Liverpool FC seasonal record (part 1) 1980/81-1984/85 at Sporting-heroes.net
- Liverpool FC seasonal record (part 2) 1985/86-1989/90 at Sporting-heroes.net
- Liverpool FC seasonal record (part 3) 1990/91-1993/94 at Sporting-heroes.net
- Southampton FC seasonal record 1994/95-1995/96 at Sporting-heroes.net
- 2004 interview in The Guardian
- Sunday Times article 16 May, 2010