Bruce Highway

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Bruce Highway
Queensland
Map of Queensland with Bruce Highway highlighted in yellow
General information
Type Highway
Length 1,652 km (1,027 mi)
Route number(s)
Major junctions
North end Captain Cook Highway (National Route 1/State Route 44), CairnsQueensland
 
South end Gateway Motorway (M1), Bald HillsBrisbane
Location(s)
Major settlements Townsville, Mackay, Rockhampton, Maryborough
Approximate road distances (in kilometres) of towns from Brisbane along the highway

The Bruce Highway is a major highway in Queensland, Australia. Commencing in the state capital, Brisbane, it passes through areas close to the eastern coast to Cairns in Far North Queensland. The route is a part of the Australian National Highway and also part of Highway 1. Its length is approximately 1700 kilometres; it is entirely sealed with bitumen.

The highway is named after the former Queensland and federal politician Henry Adam Bruce. He was the state Minister for Works when the highway was named after him, in the mid-1930s. It once passed through Brisbane, but was truncated at Bald Hills when the recently constructed Gateway Motorway became National Highway 1 upon its opening in December 1986.

The Bruce Highway is the biggest traffic carrier in Queensland. The highway initially joined all the major coastal centres; however, a number of bypasses, particularly in the south, have diverted traffic around these cities to expedite traffic flow and ease urban congestion. As a result, the highway is constantly being shortened. The road is a dual carriageway from Brisbane to Cooroy with some dual carriageway lengths at Gympie, many of these upgrades being completed in the 1980s (Glass House Mountains, Tanawha, Maryborough) and 1990s (Nambour, Yandina, and Cooroy).

In the south the Bruce Highway commences at the bridge over the Pine River at the Gateway Motorway interchange, 21 kilometres north of Brisbane central business district. Recently[when?], the Bruce Highway has changed its route numbering from National Highway 1 to the M1 (motorway road) or A1 (single carriageway, generally with overtaking lanes).[clarification needed]

Sugar cane train crossing, 2003

Several major cities along the route include Maryborough, Rockhampton, Mackay, Townsville, and Cairns. The highway passes the Glasshouse Mountains, rainforests and pastures in the Sunshine Coast, the Gunalda Range (north of Gympie), Mount Larcom (north of Gladstone), and the arid countryside north of Rockhampton; after that, it passes through land predominantly used for sugar cane, crop growing and dairy farms and the sub-tropics and tropics.

Upgrades[edit]

One of the largest and major deviations of the Bruce Highway was the Bald Hills to Burpengary Deviation. Beginning construction in 1972, the new route took traffic from Gympie Road at Bald Hills to Uhlmann Road at Burpengary along a much more superior alignment which was also constructed to four lanes. The new route was officially opened on 10 November 1977 at a total cost of $20 million.[1]

Due to the nature of wet weather and tropical cyclone prone areas of North Queensland, Bruce Highway is prone to frequent flooding in a number of places. Following the catastrophic Queensland floods in 2010–2011 the Australian Government have commissioned a feasibility study on flood-proofing the Bruce Highway. The feasibility study is to be completed by the middle of 2011.[2]

Bruce Highway is set to undergo redevelopment, realignment, flood-proofing and extension of dual carriageway sections on numerous stretches of the Highway.[3] Former Premier Anna Bligh announced the plans while launching the Queensland Infrastructure Plan. The works are expected to total A$2 billion and include 60 projects over a period of two decades.[3]

A stretch of road between Cardwell and Tully, which is prone to frequent flooding in the wet season, is set to undergo realignment. A new route for the highway through Townsville was under construction with the first stage of the Townsville Ring Road (now called The Ring Road) already completed.

Upgrade to a stretch of the highway north of Townsville has been given approval, and will see the existing dual carriageway to the north extended by another 5–10 km.[vague][citation needed] It will also include installation of traffic lights at Mt Low Parkway, and will be the final stage of the Ring Road link up to this section by 2015. The Queensland Main Roads Department's ultimate concept map of the development also shows that the highway will also progressively become Motorway standard by 2015, with the implementation of interchanges at various junctions.

The highway south of Cairns will also see sections of the highway to the suburb of Edmonton become six lanes, with progressive dual-carriageway redevelopment of the highway to Gordonvale. Labour candidate Jim Turnour has also put ahead that stage 1 of the Cairns Southern Motorway will begin with overpasses at Ray Jones Drive and Sheehy Road if elected.

To improve flood immunity of the highway south of Childers, a new and improved road alignment and a higher bridge over the Isis River were completed in September 2011.[4]

Between Caboolture and the Gateway Motorway, the highway has been widened to eight and six lanes since 2001, including the Dohles Rocks Road to Boundary Road section in October 2004, the Boundary Road to Uhlmann Road section in March 2007, and the latest section Uhlmann Road to Bribie Island Road in November 2009. Further upgrades are under review.

A new interchange is currently under construction at the notorious intersection of Roys Road at Beerwah. It will also connect to the nearby Bells Creek Road, another dangerous intersection, and is due for completion in early 2015.[5] This follows a similar situation at Buchanans Road in Morayfield, the intersection of which was replaced by an interchange in November 1996.

The Pumicestone Road interchange is also undergoing a redesign, replacing the original low-level bridge and ramps constructed in October 1970. Completion is expected in late 2014.

The Nambour Bypass has recently gone through a process of rehabilitation due to the extremely rough surface and dangerous pothole appearances during wet weather. This work was completed in 2009.

As of 2014 Section B of the joint State and Federal funded 61km Cooroy to Curra upgrade of the highway is open. Due to the new highway change, one of the local schools, Federal State School, was relocated. Early works for Section A has commenced. When completed, the Cooroy to Curra upgrade will bypass the town of Gympie and a mainly 2 lane section will be replaced with a 4 lane dual-carriageway. [6]

Major upgrades[edit]

  • Bald Hills to Burpengary Deviation Stage 1 (December 1973)
  • Bald Hills to Burpengary Deviation Stage 2 (2 August 1976)
  • Bald Hills to Burpengary Deviation Stage 3 (10 November 1977)
  • Caboolture Bypass – Burpengary to Bribie Island Road (August 1966)
  • Caboolture Bypass - Bribie Island Road to Pumicestone Road (August 1970)
  • Caboolture Bypass – Pumicestone Road to Beerburrum (January 1969)
  • Burpengary to Caboolture Duplication (9 August 1979)
  • Bribie Island Road to Pumicestone Road Duplication (December 1981)
  • Pumicestone Road to Six Mile Creek Duplication (November 1982)
  • Howard-Torbanlea Deviation (May 1984)
  • Six Mile Creek to Beerburrum Creek Duplication (July 1984)
  • Beerburrum Deviation (9 December 1985)
  • Tanawha Deviation (16 November 1989)
  • Nambour Bypass (16 October 1990)
  • Nambour Bypass Duplication (20 December 1993)
  • Yandina Bypass (13 July 1997)
  • Yandina to Cooroy Duplication (18 September 2003)
  • Browns Creek to Eumundi Deviation (November 1974)
  • Eumundi Bypass (August 1976)
  • Eumundi to Cooroy Deviation (December 1972)
  • Cooroy Bypass (August 1994)
  • Gunalda Bypass (April 1973)
  • Gunalda Range Deviation (14 February 2001)
  • Bauple Bypass (August 1976)
  • Maryborough Bypass (14 September 1990)
  • Babinda Deviation Stage 1: Lloyd's Corner/Stager Road to Munro Street (1991)
  • Babinda Deviation Stage 2: Munro Street to Nelson Road (1992)
  • Babinda Deviation Stage 3: Nelson Road to Frenchmans Creek (1993)
  • Gateway Motorway to Dohles Rocks Road six-laning (April 2002)
  • Dohles Rocks Road to Boundary Road six-laning (29 October 2004)
  • Boundary Road to Uhlmann Road six-laning (March 2007)
  • Uhlmann Road to Bribie Island Road six-laning (5 November 2009)
  • Tully deviation (2008)
  • Gordonvale/Aloomba - Assman Road to Cairns Road realignment - Carl Wordsworth Bridge (December 1961)
  • Higher-level Mulgrave River Bridge (20 April 2009)
  • Bellenden Ker deviation (1960s)
  • Marlborough-Sarina alignment change (29 October 1982)
  • Mackay Deviation – Ron Camm Bridge (16 July 1980)
  • Mackay - Ron Camm Bridge duplication (18 December 1998)
  • Gavial Deviation (Rockhampton) - Roope Road to Egan's Hill (1974)
  • Rockhampton Deviation – Neville Hewitt Bridge (16 August 1980)
  • Rockhampton Deviation – Yeppen Yeppen Crossing to Egan's Hill (1986)
  • Townsville Deviation - Alignment change from Ingham/Charters Towers/Bowen Roads/Stuart Drive to Nathan/Duckworth Streets/University Road (25 May 1992)
  • Townsville Deviation – Woolcock Street extension (March 1998)
  • Townsville Ring Road Stage 3 (2009)
  • Mount Low Interchange Townsville (2009)
  • Ingham Deviation - John Row Bridge at Herbert River (28 September 1968)
  • Cardwell Range Deviation (North) (1 November 2013)[7]
  • Cardwell Range Deviation (South) (November 1986)
  • Innisfail - Sir Joseph McAvoy Bridge (1981)
  • Innisfail Deviation – Centenary Bridge (9 July 1973)
  • Rockhampton – Yeppen North (28 October 2013)
  • Isis River Bridge replacement (August 2011)
  • Cairns Southern Access Upgrade – Stage 1 (to be completed March/April 2014)[8]
  • Cooroy to Curra Upgrade Section B (18 December 2012)
  • Cooroy to Curra Upgrade Section A (to be completed late 2016)[9]

Highway towns[edit]

Travelling north, the following towns and small cities are found on (or very close to) the Bruce Highway.

The Bruce Highway in Cairns southern suburbs at morning peak hour.

Motorway exits[edit]

Bruce Highway Australian Alphanumeric State Route M1.PNG Cooroy to Bald Hills
Northbound exits Exit number
(distance from
QLD/NSW border)
Southbound exits
End Motorway Australian Alphanumeric State Route M1.PNG
Continues as Bruce Highway
Australian Alphanumeric State Route A1.png
to Gympie and Cairns
231 Cooroy, Noosa
Myall Street
Cooroy, Noosa
Myall Street
Start Motorway Australian Alphanumeric State Route M1.PNG
Continues from Bruce Highway
Australian Alphanumeric State Route A1.png
no exit 226 Eumundi, Noosa, Kenilworth
Memorial Drive, Kenilworth Road
Eumundi, Noosa, Kenilworth
Eumundi – Noosa Road
223 no exit
Yandina, Coolum
Yandina – Coolum Road
215 Yandina, Coolum
Yandina – Coolum Road
Parklands
Nambour Connection Road
211 Nambour
Nambour Connection Road
Nambour, Bli Bli, Mapleton, Sunshine Coast Airport
Nambour – Bli Bli Road
208 Nambour, Bli Bli, Mapleton, Sunshine Coast Airport
Nambour – Bli Bli Road
Nambour, Woombye, Maroochydore, Big Pineapple
Nambour Connection Road, Maroochydore Road
201 Woombye, Maroochydore, Big Pineapple
Nambour Connection Road, Maroochydore Road
Forest Glen, Buderim, Tourist Attractions
Mons Road
199 Forest Glen, Buderim, Tourist Attractions
Mons Road
Sippy Downs, Mooloolaba, University of the Sunshine Coast
Sunshine Motorway
194 Sippy Downs, Mooloolaba, University of the Sunshine Coast
Sunshine Motorway
Palmview, Aussie World, Ettamogah Pub
Glenview Road
191 Palmview, Aussie World, Ettamogah Pub
Glenview Road
Caloundra, Landsborough
Caloundra Road, Steve Irwin Way
188 Caloundra, Landsborough, Glass House Mountains
Caloundra Road, Steve Irwin Way
Mobil Service Centre, Wild Horse Mountain Lookout
Johnston Road
171 Mobil Service Centre, Wild Horse Mountain Lookout
Johnston Road
Beerburrum, Glass House Mountains
Steve Irwin Way
163 Beerburrum, Glass House Mountains
Steve Irwin Way
Elimbah, Toorbul, Donnybrook
Pumicestone Road
157 Elimbah, Toorbul, Donnybrook
Pumicestone Road
Kilcoy
D'Aguilar Highway
152 Kilcoy
D'Aguilar Highway
Bribie Island
Bribe Island Road
Caboolture, Bribie Island
Bribie Island Road
Caboolture
Lower King Street
Morayfield
Buchanan Road
150 Morayfield
Buchanan Road
Caboolture BP Travel Centre Caboolture BP Travel Centre
Burpengary
Uhlmann Road
146 Burpengary
Uhlmann Road
Burpengary, Narangba, Deception Bay
Deception Bay Road, New Settlement Road
142 Burpengary, Narangba, Deception Bay
Deception Bay Road, New Settlement Road
Dakabin, Deception Bay, Alma Park Zoo
Boundary Road
138 Dakabin, Deception Bay, Alma Park Zoo
Boundary Road
North Lakes, Redcliffe
Anzac Avenue
133 Kallangur, North Lakes, Redcliffe
Anzac Avenue
Kallangur
Anzac Avenue
Murrumba Downs
Dohles Rocks Road
130 no exit
Start Bruce Highway
End QLD-M3.png Start Australian Alphanumeric State Route M1.PNG
127 Logan, Gold Coast, Brisbane Airport
Gateway Motorway Australian Alphanumeric State Route M1.PNG
continues from Gympie Arterial Road QLD-M3.png
and Gateway Motorway Australian Alphanumeric State Route M1.PNG
End Bruce Highway Australian Alphanumeric State Route M1.PNG
continues on as Gympie Arterial Road QLD-M3.png
to Brisbane

Note: Exit number are based on approximate distance to QLD/NSW border

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Caboolture in 1970's. Retrieved on 2 February 2012.
  2. ^ Geoff Chambers (8 January 2011). "Queensland flood victims overwhelmed by damage". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 19 January 2011. 
  3. ^ a b "Bligh announces Bruce Hwy upgrade". Sky News (Australian News Channel). 12 July 2011. Retrieved 5 September 2011. 
  4. ^ "Bruce Highway Upgrade Isis River Bridge". Department of Transport and Main Roads. 15 February 2011. Retrieved 23 February 2011. 
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ http://www.tmr.qld.gov.au/Projects/Name/B/Bruce-Highway-Cooroy-to-Curra.aspx
  7. ^ [2]
  8. ^ QLD Transport page on Cairns Southern Access highway upgrade Accessed 25 August 2013
  9. ^ QLD Transport page on Cooroy to Curra project Accessed 25 August 2013

External links[edit]