Bruce Johnston

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For the Pennsylvania gang leader, see Bruce Johnston (criminal).
Bruce Johnston
Bruce Johnston 2011 London.jpg
Bruce Johnston live in 2012
Background information
Birth name Benjamin Baldwin
Born (1942-06-27) June 27, 1942 (age 72)
Peoria, IL
Origin Los Angeles
Genres Rock and roll, baroque pop, Surf rock, Psychedelic Rock, Disco
Occupation(s) Musician, singer, songwriter
Instruments Bass guitar, keyboards synthesizers, vocals, saxophone, guitar
Years active 1957-present
Associated acts The Beach Boys, California Music, The Rip Chords, Bruce & Terry, Pink Floyd, Eric Carmen, Elton John

Bruce Arthur Johnston (born Benjamin Baldwin on June 27, 1942) is an American singer, songwriter and record producer best known as a member of The Beach Boys. He joined the band for live performances in 1965, but then became a contributing member within subsequent albums. Johnston is also known for his early 1960s collaborations with Terry Melcher under the names The Rip Chords and Bruce & Terry, and for composing the 1975 Barry Manilow song "I Write the Songs".[1]

Early life[edit]

As a child Johnston was adopted by William and Irene Johnston of Chicago and grew up on the West side of Los Angeles in Brentwood and Bel-Air. His adoptive father was president of the Owl Rexall Drug Company in Los Angeles after moving from Walgreens in Chicago. Johnston attended the private Bel Air Town and Country School (later renamed John Thomas Dye School) in Los Angeles and studied classical piano in his early years.

Career[edit]

1957–65: Beginnings[edit]

In high school, Johnston switched to contemporary music. He performed in a few "beginning" bands during this time and then moved on to working with young musicians such as Sandy Nelson, Kim Fowley, and Phil Spector.[citation needed] Soon Johnston began backing people such as Ritchie Valens, the Everly Brothers, and Eddie Cochran.[citation needed] In 1959, while still in high school, Johnston arranged and played on his first hit record, "Teenbeat" by Sandy Nelson. The single reached the Billboard Top Ten. The same year, Johnston made his first single under his own name, "Take This Pearl" on Arwin Records (a record label owned by Doris Day) as part of the Bruce & Jerry duo (Jerry Cooper was a high school friend of Bruce's).[citation needed]

In 1960, Johnston started his record production career at Del-Fi Records, producing five singles and an album – Love You So – by Ron Holden (for good measure, all but two of the album's eleven tracks were written or co-written by Johnston).[citation needed] In 1962 and 1963, Johnston continued his recording career with a series of surfin' singles (vocal & instrumental) and an album, Surfin' 'Round The World, credited to Bruce Johnston, and another "live" album, The Bruce Johnston Surfin' Band's Surfer's Pajama Party. In 1963 came the first collaboration with his friend Terry Melcher (Doris Day's son), a mostly instrumental covers album credited to The Hot Doggers.[citation needed] The first artist the pair produced was a group called The Rip Chords. Johnston and Melcher were now working as staff producers at Columbia Records, Hollywood and by the time they were producing the million selling "Hey Little Cobra," a knock-off of the Beach Boys car song vocal style, they also wound up singing every layered vocal part for the recording using an Ampex three track recording machine.[citation needed] The two of them made a few recordings as Bruce & Terry, or The Rogues, but Melcher began to focus more on his production career (with The Byrds, Paul Revere and The Raiders).[citation needed]

1965–72: The Beach Boys[edit]

Main article: The Beach Boys

On April 9, 1965, Johnston joined the Beach Boys, replacing Glen Campbell, who was playing bass on the road and singing Brian Wilson's vocal parts. Johnston did not start playing bass until his first tenure with the Beach Boys, and the very first vocal recording Johnston made as one of the Beach Boys was "California Girls" (although for contractual reasons he would not be credited or photographed on a Beach Boys album until 1967 on the Wild Honey album[citation needed]). Johnston is frequently credited[by whom?] as one of the original greatest supporters of the Beach Boys' 1966 signature album Pet Sounds. He flew to London in May 1966 and played the album for John Lennon and Paul McCartney.[citation needed] He wrote several Beach Boys songs, notably 1971's "Disney Girls (1957)," which was covered by Cass Elliot, Captain & Tennille, Art Garfunkel, Jack Jones, and Doris Day.[citation needed] Johnston also sang lead on three songs from the 1970 Beach Boys album Sunflower: "Tears In The Morning", "Deirdre", and "At My Window". During live concerts Johnston currently sings lead vocals on "God Only Knows", "Please Let Me Wonder", "Wendy", "Do You Wanna Dance", and "Disney Girls (1957)".[citation needed]

1972–77: Solo career[edit]

Johnston left the Beach Boys in 1972 to embark on a solo career, and wrote the Billboard number one, Barry Manilow hit "I Write the Songs", for which he won a Song of the Year Grammy. "I Write the Songs" has been recorded by over two hundred artists (including Frank Sinatra), and it currently[when?] has a cumulative singles/albums worldwide sales figure of twenty-five million copies.[citation needed]

1978–present: Return to group[edit]

Johnston returned to the fold in 1978 at Brian Wilson's request to appear on (and co-produce) the album L.A. (Light Album).[citation needed] The following year he was credited as sole producer on the follow-up LP, Keepin' the Summer Alive. Johnston has remained with The Beach Boys ever since and was the only member to continue touring with Mike Love as The Beach Boys after the death of Carl Wilson. In June 2012, Johnston, Brian Wilson, Mike Love, Al Jardine, and David Marks reunited for a new album and 50th anniversary tour.[2] Despite his long involvement with the band he no longer has a full membership in Brother Records, having traded his shares (but not his artist royalties) in 1972.[citation needed] Johnston still retains his equal ownership of the band's ASCAP publishing company, Wilojarston, and is the only member of the band to have earned a Song of the Year Grammy.

Other work[edit]

In 1967, he sang on "My World Fell Down", a minor hit for the Gary Usher-led studio group Sagittarius. On his Columbia Records 1977 solo album Going Public, he scored a hit on the disco charts with a dance-oriented remake of the Chantays' hit "Pipeline". Also in 1977, he vocal arranged and sang back-up vocals on Eric Carmen's LP, Boats Against the Current, and can be clearly heard on the hit single, "She Did It", which he also vocal arranged. In addition, Johnston wrote backing vocal arrangements and also sang on the recordings for Elton John's "Don't Let The Sun Go Down On Me" and Pink Floyd's album The Wall.

Solo discography[edit]

Year Album details
1962 Surfers' Pajama Party
  • Released: 1962
  • Label: Del-Fi Records
  • Tracks: "Surfer's Delight"; "Kansas City"; "Mashin' the Popeye"; "Gee But I'm Lonesome"; "Green Onions"; "Ramrod"; "Last Night"; "Surfer Stomp"; "What'd I Say"; "Something On Your Mind"
1963 Surfin' Round the World
  • Released: 1963
  • Label: Columbia Records
  • Tracks: "Surfin' Round the World"; "Maksha at Midnight"; "Down Under"; "Cape Town"; "Biarritz"; "Jersey Channel Islands, Pt. 7"; "The Hamptons"; "Virginia Beach"; "Surf-A-Nova"; "Hot Pastrami, Mashed Potatoes, Come on to Rincon-Yeah!!"; "Malibu"; "Surfin's Here to Stay"
1977 Going Public
  • Released: 1977
  • Label: Columbia Records
  • Tracks: "I Write the Songs"; "Deirdre"; "Thank You Baby"; "Rendezvous"; "Won't Somebody Dance With Me"; "Disney Girls (1957)"; "Rock and Roll Survivor"; "Don't Be Scared"; "Pipeline"

Singles[edit]

Date of release Title Label Chart positions
February 1962 "Do the Surfer Stomp (Part One)"/"Do the Surfer Stomp (Part Two)" Donna never charted
April, 1962 "Soupy Shuffle Stomp"/"Moon Shot" Donna never charted
March, 1963 "The Original Surfer Stomp"/"Pajama Party" Del-Fi never charted
August, 1977 (UK) "Pipeline"/"Disney Girls" CBS Records #33 (UK)
September, 1977 "Pipeline"/"Disney Girls" + "Pipeline"/"Deirdre" (12") Columbia Records never charted
1977 "Rendezvous"/"I Write the Songs" Columbia Records never charted

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ankeny, Jason. "Biography: Bruce Johnston". Allmusic. Retrieved May 21, 2010. 
  2. ^ Sterdan, Darryl (December 16, 2011). "Beach Boys gear up for reunion". Sun Media. Retrieved December 16, 2011. 

External links[edit]