Bruce McCarty

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Bruce McCarty
BRUCEMAC.jpg
Born (1920-12-28)December 28, 1920
South Bend, Indiana, United States
Died January 5, 2013(2013-01-05) (aged 92)[1]
Knoxville, Tennessee
Alma mater Princeton University and the University of Michigan[2]
Occupation Architect
Style Modern
Spouse(s) Elizabeth Hayes McCarty[2]
Children Bruce Hayes McCarty, Douglas Hayes McCarty, and Sarah Elizabeth McCarty

Bruce McCarty, FAIA (December 28, 1920 – January 5, 2013) was an American architect, founder and senior designer (retired 2010) at McCarty Holsaple McCarty Architects of Knoxville, Tennessee. During a career that has spanned more than a half-century, he designed some of the city's iconic landmarks, and was the city's most dedicated champion of Modern architecture.[2] Buildings designed or co-designed by McCarty include the Lawson McGhee Library, Knoxville City County Building, University of Tennessee Humanities Complex, Clarence Brown Theatre, and University of Tennessee Art and Architecture Building.[3] McCarty was also the Master Architect for the 1982 World's Fair.[2]

Biography[edit]

Early life[edit]

McCarty was born in South Bend, Indiana, the third of four sons to Earl H. and Hazel B. McCarty.[4] Bruce McCarty was raised in Kenosha and Lake Geneva, Wisconsin. Earl McCarty was president of the Nash Motor Company during the 1930s.

McCarty attended Princeton University in the early 1940s, where he studied sculpture under noted sculptor and boxer, Joe Brown.[2] Following the outbreak of World War II, he left Princeton and joined the US Army Air Force. He first arrived in Knoxville for military training in 1943, and was later stationed in California as a P-38 pilot. On April 5, 1945 McCarty married Julia Elizabeth Hayes of Knoxville in Santa Rosa, California. They have three children; Bruce Hayes McCarty, Sarah Elizabeth McCarty, and Douglas Hayes McCarty.

Early career[edit]

Home of Elizabeth and Bruce McCarty, Knoxville

Following the war, McCarty worked as a draftsman at the Knoxville architectural firm, Barber & McMurry.[2][5] He earned a BA from Princeton upon returning from the war in 1946. From 1947 to 1949, McCarty attended the University of Michigan and earned a Bachelor of Architecture Degree. During this period, he became enamoured with Modern architecture, especially the work of Frank Lloyd Wright. He, Elizabeth, and son Hayes spent several weeks during 1948 driving around Michigan and Wisconsin, seeking out houses designed by Wright.[2][6] He also attended Wright's lectures, and visited Wright's home, Taliesin.[2] His other influences included Edward Durrell Stone, I.M. Pei, and Louis Kahn.[2]

Following graduation, McCarty returned to Knoxville to work as a designer and draftsman for the firm, Rutherford and Painter (later Painter and Weeks).[5] McCarty became a partner in the firm in the mid-1950s. In 1953, McCarty designed a concrete house, sponsored by Southern Cast Stone and published in several national magazines. This led to several new clients involved in post-war medium priced housing, including the National Broadcasting Company, the Hotpoint Company, Union Carbide, Knox Homes, and the Zeckendorf Corporation. During the 1950s and 60s, the firm also designed a number of custom houses, in addition to commercial and public projects such as the Knoxville Civic Auditorium and Coliseum (in joint venture with Morton/Sweetser) and the Humanities Social Sciences Complex at the University of Tennessee.

In 1965, McCarty and Robert Holsaple formed Bruce McCarty and Associates. In the following five years, the firm designed the Mountain View Garages, Broadway Baptist and Westminster Churches, Virgin Islands St. Croix Condominiums, the University of Tennessee Clarence Brown Theatre, and the University of Tennessee Administration Building.

In 1970, McCarty and Associates merged with another Knoxville architectural firm to form McCarty Bullock Church and Holsaple. Partner Robert Church died in 1972 while serving as acting dean of the University of Tennessee School of Architecture, and the firm thus became McCarty Bullock Holsaple (MBH). MBH designed notable buildings such as the Knoxville City-County Building (a joint venture with Lindsay & Maples), and the UT Art and Architecture Building (co-designed by Bruce and Doug McCarty) chosen in a statewide competition over 53 other submissions.

McCarty was chosen to be the Master Architect for the 1982 World's Fair, and his firm was not only responsible for the projects's overall design, but also designed many of the buildings, including the Tennessee Amphitheatre, Holiday Inn, 1982 Convention Center, and the adjacent office building.[2] Following partner Glen Bullock’s resignation in 1983, Bruce's son, Doug, who had been working with the firm since the mid-1970s, became president, and the firm changed its name to McCarty Holsaple McCarty. Under Doug's leadership, the firm's work over the subsequent two decades included UT's Hodges Library and law school, the 14-story Bank of America Building, the Ijams Nature Center visitor center, and the Knoxville Convention Center.[3] The firm also oversaw planning for Knoxville's waterfront, and designed expansions for Neyland Stadium and McGhee Tyson Airport. McCarty Holsaple McCarty provided the renovation plans for the Tennessee Theatre, completed in 2006.[2]

Legacy and recognition[edit]

In 1965, McCarty helped establish the University of Tennessee's College of Architecture. The school has since named the auditorium in its Art and Architecture Building for the McCarty family.[7] McCarty was also instrumental in the establishment of the East Tennessee Community Design Center, which advises communities in the region on appearance and functionality.[2]

Honors[edit]

  • 1959 Certificate of Award for Outstanding Civic Activities from Gulf State AIA
  • 1964–68 Member of Chamber of Commerce Board (Knoxville TN)
  • 1964–74 Trustee of Dulin Art Gallery (Knoxville TN)
  • 1965–70 Board of Metropolitan Planning Commission (Knoxville TN)
  • 1969 Fellowship in AIA at Convention in Chicago
  • 1970 President of East Tennessee Chapter AIA
  • 1970–90 Who’s Who in the United States
  • 1970 Proposes formation of the Community Design Center
  • 1975 Receives Mayor’s Award for Outstanding Support of the Arts
  • 1975 Firm wins state wide competition for the design of the Art & Architecture Building at the University of Tennessee. Bruce & Doug McCarty; Co-designers
  • 1982 McCarty Bullock Holsaple receives Mayor’s Award for 1982 World’s Fair
  • 1982 President of Tennessee Society of Architects
  • 1996 Gold Medal from East Tennessee Chapter AIA
  • 2000 Volunteer of the Year Award from the University of Tennessee
  • 2004 Exhibition of the Architecture of Bruce McCarty at the University of Tennessee Ewing Gallery
  • 2011 Silver Medal from the University of Tennessee Faculty and Tau Sigma Delta of the College of Architecture and Design

Major works[edit]

White Square Designed by Painter, Weeks, and McCarty

Beige Square Designed by Bruce McCarty & Associates (1965–1970)

Green Square Designed by McCarty Bullock Church Holsaple (1970–1972) or McCarty Bullock Holsaple (1972–1984)

Purple Square Designed by McCarty Holsaple McCarty (1984–present)

Name Location Completed Status Other information Image Reference
Tom and Betty Kesterson Residence Knoxville, Tennessee 1951 Standing
Bruce and Elizabeth McCarty Residence (Cherokee Blvd.) Knoxville, Tennessee 1952 Altered McCarty Residence Exterior [2]
Mrs. E. H. McCarty Residence Pittman Center, Tennessee 1952 Standing E.H. McCarty Residence Exterior
Concrete House (Stockton Dr.) Knoxville, Tennessee 1953 Standing Modern house in West Hills [2]
Harkness House Knoxville, Tennessee 1953 Standing Modern house in West Hills
Bon Air Gatlinburg, Tennessee 1954 Altered [2]
Hotpoint Living-Conditioned House (West Hills Rd.) Knoxville, Tennessee 1954 Altered Designed as a demonstration home for a Living for Young Homemakers promotional campaign; listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2010 Hotpoint-living-conditioned-house-tn1.jpg Hotpoint House Exterior [8]
NBC House Knoxville, Tennessee 1957 Standing Slated to be featured on NBC's "The House That Home Built," but never aired House that Home Built Exterior [2]
George Bridges Residence (Lakemore Hills) Knoxville, Tennessee 1958 Standing
Tennessee Valley Branch Bank Knoxville, Tennessee 1958 Altered
Bruce and Elizabeth McCarty Residence (Lyons View Pk.) Knoxville, Tennessee 1958 Standing [2]
NAHB Research House (Cumberland Estates) Knoxville, Tennessee 1959 Standing NAHB House Exterior
Steve Wing Residence (Lakemore Hills) Knoxville, Tennessee 1959 Altered
Ralph Brooks Residence Knoxville, Tennessee 1962 Altered
Arnold Kramer Residence (Lakemore Hills) Knoxville, Tennessee 1963 Standing
Mrs. E. H. McCarty Residence Winter Park, Florida 1963 Standing
Charles Davis Residence (Holston Hills) Knoxville, Tennessee 1964 Standing [2]
Wilson Residence (West Hills) Knoxville, Tennessee 1964 Altered
Pedestrian Bridge (University of Tennessee) Knoxville, Tennessee 1966 Standing Pedestrian Bridge Image [2]
Westminster Presbyterian Church (Northshore Dr.) Knoxville, Tennessee 1966 Standing Westminster ext03.jpg [9]
Harry Brooks Residence (Brookhaven Farms) Knoxville, Tennessee 1967 Standing
James White Civic Coliseum Knoxville, Tennessee 1967 Standing [2]
Humanities Building (University of Tennessee) Knoxville, Tennessee 1969 Standing Humanities Building Rendering [3]
Clarence Brown Theatre (University of Tennessee) Knoxville, Tennessee 1970 Standing Clarence Brown Theatre Interior [3]
Lawson McGhee Library Knoxville, Tennessee 1970 Standing Lawson McGhee at Night [3]
Reef Condominiums St. Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands 1968 Standing Reef Condominiums Exterior [3]
Veterinary Hospital (University of Tennessee) Knoxville, Tennessee 1976 Standing [3]
TVA Towers Knoxville, Tennessee 1978 Standing TVA-towers-tennessee-river-tn1.jpg [3]
City-County Building Knoxville, Tennessee 1979 Standing Knoxville-city-county-building-tn1.jpg [3]
Art and Architecture Building (University of Tennessee) Knoxville, Tennessee 1981 Standing UT Arch. Bldg East Elev photo.jpg [3]
1982 World's Fair Master Plan Knoxville, Tennessee 1982 Altered McCarty's firm also designed the World's Fair Amphitheater World's Fair Amphitheatre [3]
Hodges Library (University of Tennessee) Knoxville, Tennessee 1987 Standing With Lindsay & Maples Architects and Cooper & Perry Architects[10] UT-Hodges Southeast.jpg [2]
Bank of America Building Knoxville, Tennessee 1990 Standing Bank of America building exterior.jpg [3]
Ijams Nature Center Knoxville, Tennessee 1991 Standing INC Exterior.jpg [2]
McGhee Tyson Airport (expansion) Blount County, Tennessee 1998 Standing With HNTB Architects [3]
Knoxville Convention Center Knoxville, Tennessee 2002 Standing With Thompson, Ventulett, Stainback & Associates Architects [3]
Tennessee Theatre (renovation) Knoxville, Tennessee 2006 Standing Theatre constructed in 1928; with Westlake Reed Leskosky Architects [3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ "Noted Architect Bruce McCarty Dies," Knoxville News Sentinel, 7 January 2013. Retrieved: 7 January 2013.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v Jack Neely, Knoxville Modernism and Architect Bruce McCarty, 17 March 2010. Retrieved: 1 June 2011.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o MHM History. Retrieved: 1 June 2011.
  4. ^ (1)Lederberg J, Gotschlich EC (2005) A Path to Discovery: The Career of Maclyn McCarty. PLoS Biol 3(10): e341 doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0030341
  5. ^ a b "Selected Projects: The Architecture of Bruce McCarty"; Catalogue of the 2004 exhibition at the Ewing Gallery–The University of Tennessee (copyright 2004 Ewing Gallery, All rights reserved)
  6. ^ Doug Mason, "Downtown Church Draws Praise for Modern Gothic Design." Knoxville News Sentinel, 21 August 2005.
  7. ^ Jerry Dean, "UT Salutes Architect, Family, Firm," Knoxville News Sentinel, 16 September 1998.
  8. ^ Annette Anderson and Claudette Stager, National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form for Hotpoint Living-Conditioned Home, November 2009.
  9. ^ A Brief History of Westminster. Retrieved: 7 June 2011.
  10. ^ "The Building". About John C. Hodges Library. The University of Tennessee. Retrieved 25 February 2014. 

External links[edit]