January 15, 1963 |
New York City, New York
|Institutions||Counterpane Internet Security
United States Department of Defense
|Alma mater||American University
University of Rochester
|Known for||Cryptography, security|
Bruce Schneier (pron.: //; born January 15, 1963) is an American cryptographer, computer security specialist, and writer. He is the author of several books on general security topics, computer security and cryptography.
Early life 
Bruce Schneier is a son of Martin Schneier, a Brooklyn Supreme Court judge. He grew up in Flatbush, attending P.S. 139 and Hunter High School. After receiving a physics bachelor's degree from the University of Rochester in 1984, he went to the American University in Washington, D.C. and got his master's degree in computer science in 1988. He was awarded an honorary Ph.D from the University of Westminster in London, England in November 2011. The award was made by the Department of Electronics and Computer Science in recognition of Schneier's 'hard work and contribution to industry and public life'.
Schneier is the founder and chief technology officer of BT Managed Security Solutions, formerly Counterpane Internet Security, Inc.
Writings on computer security and general security 
In 1994, Schneier published "Applied Cryptography", which details the design, use, and implementation of cryptographic algorithms. More recently he published "Cryptography Engineering", which is focused more on how to use cryptography in real systems and less on its internal design. He has also written books on security for a broader audience. In 2000, Schneier published Secrets and Lies: Digital Security in a Networked World, and in 2003, Beyond Fear: Thinking Sensibly About Security in an Uncertain World. Most recently, in 2012 Schneier published Liars and Outliers: Enabling the Trust that Society Needs to Thrive.
Schneier writes a freely available monthly Internet newsletter on computer and other security issues, Crypto-Gram, as well as a security weblog, Schneier on Security. The weblog started out as a way to publish essays before they appeared in Crypto-Gram, making it possible for others to comment on them while the stories were still current, but over time the newsletter became a monthly email version of the blog, re-edited and re-organized. Schneier is frequently quoted in the press on computer and other security issues, pointing out flaws in security and cryptographic implementations ranging from biometrics to airline security after the September 11 attacks. He also writes "Security Matters", a regular column for Wired Magazine.
Schneier revealed on his blog that in the December 2004 issue of the SIGCSE Bulletin, three Pakistani academics, Khawaja Amer Hayat, Umar Waqar Anis, and S. Tauseef-ur-Rehman, from the International Islamic University in Islamabad, Pakistan, plagiarized an article written by Schneier and got it published. The same academics subsequently plagiarized another article by Ville Hallivuori on "Real-time Transport Protocol (RTP) security" as well. Schneier complained to the editors of the periodical, which generated a minor controversy. The editor of the SIGCSE Bulletin removed the paper from their website and demanded official letters of admission and apology. Schneier noted on his blog that International Islamic University personnel had requested him "to close comments in this blog entry"; Schneier refused to close comments on the blog, but he did delete posts which he deemed "incoherent or hostile".
||This section may contain improper references to self-published sources. (March 2013)|
To Schneier, peer review and expert analysis are important for the security of cryptographic systems. Mathematical cryptography is usually not the weakest link in a security chain; effective security requires that cryptography be combined with other things.
The term Schneier's law was coined by Cory Doctorow in his speech about Digital Rights Management for Microsoft Research, which is included in his 2008 book Content: Selected Essays on Technology, Creativity, Copyright, and the Future of the Future. The law is phrased as:
Any person can invent a security system so clever that he or she can't imagine a way of breaking it.
Few false ideas have more firmly gripped the minds of so many intelligent men than the one that, if they just tried, they could invent a cipher that no one could break.
Schneier is critical of digital rights management (DRM) and has said that it allows a vendor to increase "lock in." Proper implementation of control-based security for the user via trusted computing is very difficult, and security is not the same thing as control.
Homeland security 
Schneier has said that homeland security money should be spent on intelligence, investigation, and emergency response. Defending against the broad threat of terrorism is generally better than focusing on specific potential terrorist plots. According to Schneier, analysis of intelligence data is difficult but is one of the better ways to deal with global terrorism. Human intelligence has advantages over automated and computerized analysis, and increasing the amount of intelligence data that is gathered does not help to improve the analysis process. Agencies that were designed around fighting the Cold War may have a culture that inhibits the sharing of information; the practice of sharing information is more important and less of a security threat in itself when dealing with more decentralized and poorly funded adversaries such as al Qaeda.
Regarding PETN- the explosive that has become the terrorists’ weapon of choice- Schneier has written that only swabs and dogs can detect it. He also believes that changes to airport security since 11 September 2001 have done more harm than good and defeated former head of the Transportation Security Administration, Kip Hawley, in an Economist online debate by 87% to 13% regarding the issue.
System design 
Schneier has criticized security approaches that try to prevent any malicious incursion, instead arguing that designing systems to fail well is more important. The designer of a system should not underestimate the capabilities of an attacker; technology may make it possible in the future to do things that are not possible at the present. Under Kerckhoffs's Principle, the need for one or more parts of a cryptographic system to remain secret increases the fragility of the system; whether details about a system should be obscured depends upon the availability of persons who can make use of the information for beneficial uses versus the potential for attackers to misuse the information.
- "Secrecy and security aren't the same, even though it may seem that way. Only bad security relies on secrecy; good security works even if all the details of it are public."
Full disclosure 
Schneier is a proponent of full disclosure, i.e. making security issues public.
- "If researchers don’t go public, things don’t get fixed. Companies don't see it as a security problem; they see it as a PR problem."
Other writing 
Schneier and Karen Cooper were nominated in 2000 for the Hugo Award, in the category of Best Related Book, for their Minicon 34 Restaurant Guide, a work originally published for the Minneapolis science fiction convention Minicon which gained a readership internationally in science fiction fandom for its wit and good humor.
Cryptographic algorithms 
Schneier has been involved in the creation of many cryptographic algorithms.
Pseudo-random number generators:
- Schneier, Bruce. Applied Cryptography, John Wiley & Sons, 1994. ISBN 0-471-59756-2
- Schneier, Bruce. Protect Your Macintosh, Peachpit Press, 1994. ISBN 1-56609-101-2
- Schneier, Bruce. E-Mail Security, John Wiley & Sons, 1995. ISBN 0-471-05318-X
- Schneier, Bruce. Applied Cryptography, Second Edition, John Wiley & Sons, 1996. ISBN 0-471-11709-9
- Schneier, Bruce; Kelsey, John; Whiting, Doug; Wagner, David; Hall, Chris; Ferguson, Niels. The Twofish Encryption Algorithm, John Wiley & Sons, 1996. ISBN 0-471-35381-7
- Schneier, Bruce; Banisar, David. The Electronic Privacy Papers, John Wiley & Sons, 1997. ISBN 0-471-12297-1
- Schneier, Bruce. Secrets and Lies: Digital Security in a Networked World, John Wiley & Sons, 2000. ISBN 0-471-25311-1
- Schneier, Bruce. Beyond Fear: Thinking Sensibly about Security in an Uncertain World, Copernicus Books, 2003. ISBN 0-387-02620-7
- Ferguson, Niels; Schneier, Bruce. Practical Cryptography, John Wiley & Sons, 2003. ISBN 0-471-22357-3
- Schneier, Bruce. Schneier on Security, John Wiley & Sons, 2008. ISBN 978-0-470-39535-6
- Ferguson, Niels; Schneier, Bruce; Kohno, Tadayoshi. Cryptography Engineering, John Wiley & Sons, 2010. ISBN 978-0-470-47424-2
- Schneier, Bruce. Liars and Outliers: Enabling the Trust that Society Needs to Thrive, John Wiley & Sons, 2012. ISBN 978-1-118-14330-8
See also 
- "Bruce Schneier | Facebook". Facebook.
- Samuel Newhouse (February 9, 2009). ""Schneier on Security;" A Judge’s Son Builds a Reputation of Cryptic Fame". Brooklyn Daily Eagle.
- Drew Amorosi (July 11, 2011). "Interview: BT's Bruce Schneier". InfoSecurity.
- Charles C. Mann Homeland Insecurity www.theatlantic.com
- Blood, Rebecca (January 2007). "Bruce Schneier". Bloggers on Blogging. Retrieved April 19, 2007.
- Schneier, Bruce. "Security Matters". Wired Magazine. Retrieved March 10, 2008.
- "Schneier on Security: Plagiarism and Academia: Personal Experience". Schneier.com. Retrieved June 9, 2009.
- "ONLINE – International News Network". Onlinenews.com.pk. June 9, 2007. Retrieved June 9, 2009.
- Schneier, Bruce (1997). "Why Cryptography Is Harder Than It Looks". Retrieved 2011-04-08.
- Ferguson, Niels; Schneier, Bruce. "Practical Cryptography: Preface". Retrieved 2011-04-08.
- Cory Doctorow (2004-06-17). "Microsoft Research DRM talk". Archived from the original on 2006-12-02. Retrieved 2006-12-31.
- Schneier, Bruce (2008-02-07). "With iPhone, 'Security' Is Code for 'Control'". Retrieved 2011-04-08.
- Schneier, Bruce (2005-09-08). "Terrorists Don't Do Movie Plots". Wired News.
- Schneier, Bruce (2004-01-09). "Homeland Insecurity". Retrieved 2011-04-08.
- Schneier, Bruce (2010-01-15). "Fixing intelligence failures - SFGate". SFGate. Retrieved 2011-04-08.
- "International terrorism: AQAP tries again: Good intelligence work still leaves questions over airport security", The Economist, dated 12 May 2012.
- Homeland Insecurity, Atlantic Monthly, September 2002
- Schneier, Bruce (2002-05-15). "Crypto-Gram: May 15, 2002". Retrieved 2011-04-08.
- Doctorow, Cory. Little Brother. New York: Tor Teen, 2008, page 129.
- Charlie Miller's Punishment By Apple Tests A Complex Relationship Huffinton Post, 2011.
- "Hugo Awards Nominations". Locus Magazine. April 21, 2000.
|Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Bruce Schneier|
- Personal website, Schneier.com
- Talking security with Bruce Almighty
- Schneier at the 2009 RSA conference, video with Schneier participating on the Cryptographer's Panel, April 21, 2009, Moscone Center, San Francisco
- Bruce Schneier Facts (Parody)
- Bruce Schneier on Real Law Radio, Bruce talks with Bob DiCello on the legal news talk radio program, Real Law Radio, about the case involving a Philadelphia school that allegedly spied on its students via the webcam on their computers (Podcasts/Saturday February 27, 2010).