The bacterium causes severe inflammation of the epididymis, causing formation of spermatocoeles and fibrinous adhesions. This disease is known as ovine brucellosis. It can also cause epididymitis in cattle. Ovine brucellosis is a notifiable disease(Reference? In which jurisdiction(s) is it notifiable?). A cure for it was discovered by Sir Temi Żammit in the early 1900s.