Bruceville-Eddy, Texas

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Bruceville-Eddy, Texas
City
Location of Bruceville-Eddy, Texas
Location of Bruceville-Eddy, Texas
McLennan County BrucevilleEddy.svg
Coordinates: 31°18′20″N 97°14′53″W / 31.30556°N 97.24806°W / 31.30556; -97.24806Coordinates: 31°18′20″N 97°14′53″W / 31.30556°N 97.24806°W / 31.30556; -97.24806
Country United States
State Texas
Counties McLennan, Falls
Area
 • Total 3.2 sq mi (8.4 km2)
 • Land 3.2 sq mi (8.4 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 692 ft (211 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 1,490
 • Density 460.8/sq mi (177.9/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 76630 (Bruceville), 76524 (Eddy)
Area code(s) 254
FIPS code 48-10828[1]
GNIS feature ID 1690857[2]

Bruceville-Eddy is a city in McLennan and Falls counties in the U.S. state of Texas. The population was 1,569 at the 2010 census.

Most of the city is in McLennan County and is part of the Waco Metropolitan Statistical Area. A small southern portion is in Falls County.

Geography[edit]

Bruceville-Eddy is located at 31°18′20″N 97°14′53″W / 31.30556°N 97.24806°W / 31.30556; -97.24806 (31.305554, -97.247919).[3] It is situated along Interstate 35, approximately 18 miles south of Waco and 13 miles north of Temple.[4]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.2 square miles (8.4 km²), all of it land.

History[edit]

The community of Bruceville-Eddy began as two separate settlements: Bruceville and Eddy. Both communities became stations on the Missouri–Kansas–Texas Railroad (Katy Railroad) in 1882.[5]

Bruceville[edit]

Bruceville was named for Lucien N. Bruce, who donated land for the railroad station. Most of Bruceville's residents came from the community of Mastersville, located two miles to the north, that the railroad has bypassed. By 1900, Bruceville has approximately 289 residents and several businesses. An Independent School District was formed in 1904. A bank operated in Bruceville from 1907 to 1927. The community had a population of around 500 during the 1930s and 1940s, but began to decline in the post-war years. By 1964, the number of inhabitants had fallen to 175 and decreased to just 25 in 1970.[4][5]

Eddy[edit]

Initially known as Marvin, the community was renamed after the railroad arrived in 1882 to honor rail division superintendent Everett B. Eddy. By the mid-1880s, the community was home to 150 people, three general stores, two churches, a school, and a gristmill. Throughout the 1890s, Eddy continued to experience rapid growth with some estimates placing the total population as high as 700. A bank opened in 1901 and received a national charter in 1915. In 1928, the schools in Bruceville and Eddy were consolidated, the first such merger in McLennan County. By the late 1920s, Eddy had approximately 450 residents. The population declined to 350 by the mid-1940s, but rose to around 600 in the 1960s as road improvements made commuting easier for locals.[4][5]

Incorporation[edit]

In April 1974, the communities of Bruceville and Eddy incorporated as a single entity known as Bruceville-Eddy.[6] The population stood at 1,038 in 1980 and grew slightly to 1,075 by 1990. That figure rose further, to 1,490, by 2000.

Owing to its unique history, Bruceville-Eddy operated two separate post offices after it was incorporated. Eddy's post office, located at 100 Franklin Road, operates under the zip code 76524.[7] The post office in Bruceville is located at 203 First Street and has the zip code 76630.[8] On June 1, 2009, it was closed due to foundation problems that caused the building to be deemed unsafe. All postal operations were transferred to Eddy.[1]

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 1,490 people, 543 households, and 432 families residing in the city. The population density was 460.8 per square mile (178.1/km²). There were 587 housing units at an average density of 181.5 per square mile (70.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 89.73% White, 0.81% African American, 0.67% Native American, 0.07% Asian, 6.51% from other races, and 2.21% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.34% of the population.

There were 543 households of which 37.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.0% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.4% were non-families. 18.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.10.

The age distribution was 29.7% under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 30.3% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 12.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 94.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.6 males.

The median household income was $36,089, and the median family income was $39,766. Males had a median income of $30,139 versus $19,125 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,642. About 9.4% of families and 11.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.8% of those under age 18 and 9.9% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

The City of Bruceville-Eddy is served by the Bruceville-Eddy Independent School District.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ a b c "Bruceville, Texas". Texas Escapes Online Magazine. Retrieved 2009-09-16. 
  5. ^ a b c "Bruceville-Eddy, Texas". The Handbook of Texas online. Retrieved 2009-09-12. 
  6. ^ "Welcome to Bruceville-Eddy, Texas". City of Bruceville-Eddy, Texas. Retrieved 2009-09-12. 
  7. ^ Zip Code Lookup
  8. ^ Zip Code Lookup

External links[edit]