Bruckner's early Masses

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Anton Bruckner's three early masses, Windhaager Messe, Kronstorfer Messe and Messe für den Gründonnerstag, were settings of the mass, which he composed while he was a schoolteacher's assistant in Windhaag (1841–1843) and Kronstorf (1843–1845), respectively. These masses were intentionally simple, because they were intended for the meagre resources of the local village churches.[1]

Windhaager Messe[edit]

Main article: Windhaager Messe

The Windhaager Messe in C major (WAB 25) is a Choral-Messe for alto soloist, two horns and organ, which Bruckner composed in 1842 during his stay in Windhaag.

Kronstorfer Messe and Messe für den Gründonnerstag[edit]

The Kronstorfer Messe (WAB 146) and the Messe für den Gründonnerstag (WAB 9) are two Missa brevis for mixed choir a cappella, which survive from Bruckner's next stay in Kronstorf.[1]

During this period Bruckner also sketched a Kyrie in G minor of a Missa pro Quadragesima (Mass for Lent) for mixed choir, three trombones and organ (WAB 140).[2][3]


  1. ^ a b J. Williamson, p. 43
  2. ^ R. Haas, p. 42
  3. ^ C. van Zwol, p. 710


  • Max Auer, Anton Bruckner. Sein Leben und Werk. Amalthea-Verlag, Vienna, c. 1950
  • Robert Haas, Anton Bruckner, 2nd print (Reprint der Ausgabe Athenaion, Potsdam, 1934), Laaber Verlag, Regensburg, 1980. ISBN 3-9215-1841-5
  • Hansjürgen Schäfer, Anton Bruckner. Ein Führer durch Leben und Werk. Henschel Verlag, Berlin, 1996. ISBN 3-7618-1590-5
  • Uwe Harten, Anton Bruckner. Ein Handbuch. Residenz Verlag, Salzburg, 1996. ISBN 3-7017-1030-9.
  • Keith William Kinder, The Wind and Wind-Chorus Music of Anton Bruckner, Greenwood Press, Westport CT, 2000. ISBN 0-313-30834-9.
  • John Williamson, The Cambridge Companion to Bruckner, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2004. ISBN 0-521-80404-3
  • James Garrat, Palestrina and the German Romantic Imagination, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2004. ISBN 0-521-80737-9
  • Cornelis van Zwol, Anton Bruckner - Leven en Werken, Uit. Thot, Bussum, NL, 2012. ISBN 978-90-6868-590-9

External links[edit]