Bruegel (institution)

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This article is about the Brussels-based think tank. For the members of the family with the same name, see Brueghel (disambiguation).
Bruegel
Bruegel
Established 2005; 9 years ago (2005)
Focus International economics
Chairman Jean Claude Trichet
Director Guntram Wolff
Staff 30
Location Brussels, Belgium
Address Rue de la Charité/Liefdadigheidsstraat 33
Website www.bruegel.org

Bruegel is an independent and non-doctrinal think tank devoted to policy research on international economic issues, based in Brussels. It started operations in 2005[1] and has rapidly acquired reference status in European economic policy debates.

Bruegel was ranked first in 2012 and second in 2013 among all international economic policy think tanks worldwide by the Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program at the University of Pennsylvania. Among all think tanks worldwide, it was ranked eighth in 2012 and sixth in 2013.[2] [3] Separately, Prospect Magazine named it European and global think tank of the year in 2011.[4]

Bruegel has a unique governance and funding model based on memberships from Member States of the European Union, international corporations, and other institutions.

Organisation[edit]

Bruegel relies on a core team of resident and non-resident scholars and a team of operational staff. As of September 2014, its resident research team was composed of:

Bruegel also relies on visiting and non-resident scholars, among which Philippe Aghion, Ashoka Mody, Jim O'Neill, and Bruno van Pottelsberghe.

Research[edit]

Bruegel's research covers international economics and trade, fiscal and monetary policies in the EU, financial regulation, and competitiveness and growth policies. Among many other issues, it has contributed analyses and recommendations about Europe's monetary union, the Eurozone crisis, and Banking union.

Governance and funding[edit]

Bruegel is supported by a wide array of members which contribute the bulk of its financial resources. The majority of its resources comes from state and corporate members.

As of September 2014, Bruegel's membership consisted of three categories. State members are Member States of the European Union, which joined it on a voluntary basis, including Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Lithuania, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. Corporate members are international corporations and firms, many (but far from all) of which are headquartered in the European Union. Institutional members include national and international public financial institutions as well as central banks.

Bruegel's board is elected for a three-year term by its members and consists of 11 individuals with backgrounds in government, business, academia and civil society. As of September 2014, its members were Jean-Claude Trichet (Chairman), Carlos Egea, Anna Ekström, Íñigo Fernández de Mesa, Wolfgang Franz, Jerzy Hausner, Wolfgang Kopf, Vincenzo La Via, Rachel Lomax, Andreas Penk, and Hans Vijlbrief. The board decides on Bruegel's research agenda, a process that is conducted on a yearly basis and includes in-depth consultation of all members. It also appoints the director and deputy director, and oversees Bruegel's financial management and budget. However, under Bruegel's statute and bylaws, neither the Board nor the members can interfere in research results and publication decisions‚ the responsibility for which remains with the director and individual scholars.

Bruegel has been recognized from its outset as setting pioneering high standards in terms of financial transparency.[5] The full list of sponsors is updated on Bruegel's website, and individual financial contributions are detailed in Bruegel's Annual Reports which are also available online. In May 2014, Bruegel was awarded the highest rating by Transparify, a targeted initiative on think tank transparency.[6]

Evaluation[edit]

Bruegel regularly asks an ad hoc task force to review the impact and relevance of its work. One such task force covering the period 2010-12 was chaired by Esko Aho, following an earlier one covering 2007-09 that was chaired by Ieke van den Burg. In both cases, corresponding reports have been posted online by Bruegel.[7] [8] The scientific assessment component of such reviews is provided by Bruegel's scientific council, which as of September 2014 included Lucrezia Reichlin (Chair), Giuseppe Bertola, Sergei Guriev, Kai Konrad, Philippe Martin, Kevin O'Rourke, and Paul Seabright.

History[edit]

Bruegel was co-founded by two economists, Jean Pisani-Ferry and Nicolas Véron, and officially floated by French President Jacques Chirac and German Chancellor Gerhard Schröder at the 40th anniversary of the Elysée Treaty in January 2003. Former European Commissioner Mario Monti was instrumental in its launch and became its first Chairman in early 2005, following Bruegel's legal creation as an International Non-Profit Association under Belgian law in August 2004.[9]

The board was successively chaired by Mario Monti (2005–08), Leszek Balcerowicz (2008-12), and Jean Claude Trichet (since April 2012).[10] Jean Pisani-Ferry was director from January 2005 to April 2013. Guntram Wolff joined Bruegel in 2011 and became its Director in 2013.

Bruegel moved to its current premises, on Rue de la Charité / Liefdadigheidsstraat 33 in central Brussels, in April 2005.

Name[edit]

Bruegel explains its name as a tribute to Pieter Bruegel, the 16th-century painter whose work epitomizes unvarnished and innovative depictions of life in Europe. It can also be read as a reference to a "Brussels European and Global Economic Laboratory", even though Bruegel does not consider its name to be an acronym.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "European think tanks and the EU". Berlaymont paper (2). September 2012. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  2. ^ James McGann (January 2013). "The Global Go To Think Tanks Report 2012". 
  3. ^ James McGann (January 2014). "The Global Go To Think Tanks Report 2013". 
  4. ^ "Think Tank of the Year Awards 2012". July 2012. 
  5. ^ "Brussels think tanks persist in funding secrecy". Corporate Europe Observatory. December 2006. 
  6. ^ "How Transparent are Think Tanks about Who Funds Them". Retrieved 11 September 2014. 
  7. ^ Bruegel Review Task Force (October 2013). "Bruegel at 8: Review of the relevance and impact of the work of Bruegel 2010-2012". 
  8. ^ Bruegel Review Task Force (June 2010). "Bruegel at 5: Review of quality, relevance and impact of Bruegel’s activities 2007–2009". 
  9. ^ "Bruegel: newest addition to think tank landscape in Brussels". Euractiv. 19 January 2005. 
  10. ^ Ian Wishart (4 April 2012). "Trichet named head of think-tank". European Voice.