Brujería is the Spanish-language word for "witchcraft". Brujería also refers to witch-healers who did practice and do practice their craft throughout Latin America and the United States. Both men and women can be witches; brujos and brujas respectively. Brujos is the plural term that refers to a group of male witches and brujas the plural term for female witches.
There is no sound etymology for this word, which appears only in Portuguese, Catalan, Galician and Spanish (other romance languages use words derived from Latin strix, -igis, originally an owl or bird of evil omen). The word may be inherited from a Celtiberian substrate or it may derive from the Latin plusscius, -a, um (> plus + scius), a hapax attested in the Cena Trimalchionis, a central part in Petronius' Satyricon. Pluscia could have arisen from rhotacization of the /l/ and voicing of the /p/, pluscia> pruscia> bruscia> bruxa (Portuguese)> bruja (Spanish).
In popular culture
- In the television series True Blood, Jesus Velasquez (played by Kevin Alejandro) is a Mexican brujo.
- In the television series Orange is the New Black, Gloria Mendoza (played by Selenis Leyva) practices Santeria spells often confused with Bruja.
- Oxford Latin Dictionary, Oxford. Clarendon Press: 1968
- "sunt mulieres plusciae, sunt nocturnae",63.9
- Ali, Said, Investigações Filológicas, 1975, pag. 275
- Ankarloo, B. & Clark, S, (2002) Witchcraft and Magic in Europe: the period of the witch trials
- Guiley, Rosemary Ellen (1989) The Encyclopedia of Witches and Witchcraft, New York: Facts-on-File.
- Spence, L. (1994) The Magic and Mysteries of Mexico
- Christian, W.A., Jr. (1989) Local Religion in Sixteenth-Century Spain
- Henningsen, G. (1980) The Witches' Advocate: Basque Witchcraft and the Spanish Inquisition (1609-1614)
- Castaneda, C. (1968) The Teachings of Don Juan
- Romberg, Raquel (2002) "Witchcraft and Welfare: Spiritual Capital and the Business of Magic in Modern Puerto Rico"
- Chatwin, Bruce In Patagonia
- Kinnie, Ernest The Brujo....2-Act Play