Brulé

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This article is about the Lakota sub-tribe. For the musical group, see Brulé (band). For Métis people, see Bois-Brûlés. For other uses, see Brule.
Janeen Antoine (Sicangu Lakota), curator, educator, and director of American Indian Contemporary Arts[1]

The Brulé are one of the seven branches or bands (sometimes called "sub-tribes") of the Teton (Titonwan) Lakota American Indian nation. They are known as Sičháŋǧu Oyáte (in Lakota), or "Burnt Thighs Nation," and so, were called Brulé (lit. "burnt") by the French. The name may have derived from an incident where they were fleeing through a grass fire on the plains.

Many Sicangu people live on the Rosebud Indian Reservation in southwestern South Dakota, where they are federally recognized as the Rosebud Sioux Tribe or Sicangu Oyate. A smaller population lives on the Lower Brule Indian Reservation, on the west bank of the Missouri River in central South Dakota. The two tribes are politically completely independent of each other.

Historic Brulé Tiyošpaye or bands[edit]

Together with the Oglala Lakota, who are based at the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, they are often called Southern Lakota. They were divided in three great regional tribal divisions:

  • Upper Brulé (Heyata Wicasa Oyate)
  • Lower Brulé (Kul Wicasa Oyate)[2]
  • Brulé of the Platte River

According to the Brulé Medicine Bull (Tatánka Wakan), the people were highly decentralized, identifying mostly with the following tiyošpaye or bands, which collected in various local tiwahe (engl. Camps oder family circle):

  • Iyakoza
  • Chokatowela
  • Shiyolanka
  • Kanghi yuha
  • Pispiza wichasha
  • Waleghaunwohan
  • Wacheunpa
  • Shawala
  • Ihanktonwan
  • Nakhpakhpa
  • Apewantanka

Notable Sicangu (Brulé)[edit]

Chief Iron Nation

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Native American Heritage Month: S.F. gallery director wins praise for breaking with past." San Francisco Chronicle. 12 Nov 1995 (retrieved 20 Dec 2009)
  2. ^ Lower Brule
  3. ^ a b Brown, Dee (1970). Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee, ch. 6. Bantam Books. ISBN 0-553-11979-6. 
  4. ^ "THE DEATH OF “EAGLE STAR” IN SHEFFIELD", Sheffield & Rotherham Independent, 26 August 1891, at American Tribes Forum, accessed 26 August 2014

External links[edit]