Brumaire

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Brumaire (French pronunciation: ​[bʁymɛʁ]) was the second month in the French Republican Calendar. The month was named after the French word brume (fog) which occurs frequently in France at that time of the year.

Brumaire was the second month of the autumn quarter (mois d'automne). It started between 22 October and 24 October. It ended between 20 November and 22 November. It follows the Vendémiaire and precedes the Frimaire.

In political/historical usage, Brumaire often refers to the coup d'état of 18 Brumaire in the year VIII (9 November 1799), by which General Napoleon Bonaparte overthrew the government of the Directory to replace it with the Consulate.


3 Brumaire III
 
Primidi
Duodi
Tridi
Quartidi
Quintidi
Sextidi
Septidi
Octidi
Nonidi
Décadi
décade 4
1 Wednesday
22 October 1794
2 Thursday
23 October 1794
3 Friday
24 October 1794
4 Saturday
25 October 1794
5 Sunday
26 October 1794
6 Monday
27 October 1794
7 Tuesday
28 October 1794
8 Wednesday
29 October 1794
9 Thursday
30 October 1794
10 Friday
31 October 1794
décade 5
11 Saturday
1 November 1794
12 Sunday
2 November 1794
13 Monday
3 November 1794
14 Tuesday
4 November 1794
15 Wednesday
5 November 1794
16 Thursday
6 November 1794
17 Friday
7 November 1794
18 Saturday
8 November 1794
19 Sunday
9 November 1794
20 Monday
10 November 1794
décade 6
21 Tuesday
11 November 1794
22 Wednesday
12 November 1794
23 Thursday
13 November 1794
24 Friday
14 November 1794
25 Saturday
15 November 1794
26 Sunday
16 November 1794
27 Monday
17 November 1794
28 Tuesday
18 November 1794
29 Wednesday
19 November 1794
30 Thursday
20 November 1794
10 h
6:90:05
Brumaire
16:33:41
24 h


Day name table[edit]

Like all FRC months Brumaire lasted 30 days and was divided into three 10-day weeks called décades (decades). Every day had the name of an agricultural plant, except the 5th (Quintidi) and 10th day (Decadi) of every decade, which had the name of a domestic animal (Quintidi) or an agricultural tool (Decadi).

  1re Décade 2e Décade 3e Décade
Primidi 1. Pomme (Apple) 11. Salsifis (Salsify) 21. Bacchante (Wild Ginger)
Duodi 2. Céleri (Celery) 12. Macre (Water Chestnut) 22. Azerole (Crete Hawthorn)
Tridi 3. Poire (Pear) 13. Topinambour (Jerusalem Artichoke) 23. Garence (Madder)
Quartidi 4. Betterave (Beet Root) 14. Endive (Endive) 24. Orange (Orange)
Quintidi 5. Oye (Goose) 15. Dindon (Turkey) 25. Faisan (Pheasant)
Sextidi 6. Héliotrope (European Turnsole) 16. Chervi (Skirret) 26. Pistache (Pistachio)
Septidi 7. Figue (Fig) 17. Cresson (Watercress) 27. Macjonc (Sweetpea)
Octidi 8. Scorsonère (Black Salsify) 18. Dentelaire (Leadwort) 28. Coing (Quince)
Nonidi 9. Alisier (Chequer Tree) 19. Grenade (Pomegranate) 29. Cormier (Service Tree)
Decadi 10. Charrue (Plough) 20. Herse (Harrow) 30. Rouleau (Roller)

Conversion table[edit]

Table for conversion between Republican and Gregorian Calendar
for the month "Brumaire"
I II III V VI VII
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
October 1792 1793 1794 1796 1797 1798 November
IV VIII IX X XI XIII XIV
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21
October 1795 1799 1800 1801 1802 1804 1805 November
XII
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22
October 1803 November

See also[edit]

External links[edit]