Bruniales

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Bruniales
Desfontainia spinosa.jpg
Desfontainia spinosa
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Bruniales
Dumort.[1]
Families

Bruniaceae
Columelliaceae

Bruniales is a valid botanic name at the rank of order. Until recently it was not in use, but a 2008 study suggested that Bruniaceae and Columelliaceae are sister clades.[2] The latest revision of the APG system, APG III, places both families as the only members of the order Bruniales, which is sister to the Apiales, and one of the asterid taxa.[1]

The APG III phylogenetic tree for the asterids is:

asterids

Cornales




Ericales


euasterids 
lamiids 

Garryales




Boraginaceae



Gentianales




Solanales



Lamiales





campanulids 

Aquifoliales




Asterales



Escalloniales




Bruniales




Apiales




Paracryphiales



Dipsacales










References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III" (PDF). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 161 (2): 105–121. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x. Retrieved 2013-07-06. 
  2. ^ Winkworth, Richard C.; Lundberg, Johannes; Donoghue, Michael J. (2008). "Toward a resolution of Campanulid phylogeny, with special reference to the placement of Dipsacales". Taxon 57 (1): 53–65.