Brunnichia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Brunnichia
Brunnichia ovata.jpg
Brunnichia ovata tendrils
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Core eudicots
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Polygonaceae
Genus: Brunnichia
Banks ex Gaertn.
Species

B. africana
B. chirrhosa
B. congoensis
B. erecta
B. ovata

The genus Brunnichia, also known as redvine or buckwheat vine, are perennial woody vines native to the United States.

Redvine species are a pest when they grow within crops; for example, B. ovata is a significant problem in soybean crops in the Mississippi Delta. It is an example for Thigmotropism. Usually thigmotropism occurs when plants grow around a surface, such as a wall, pot, or trellis. Climbing plants, such as vines, develop tendrils that coil around supporting objects. Touched cells produce auxin and transport it to untouched cells. Some untouched cells will then elongate faster so cell growth bends around the object. Some seedlings also exhibit triple response, caused by pulses of ethylene which cause the stem to thicken and curve to start growing horizontally.