Bruno Amoussou

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Bruno Ange-Marie Amoussou (born 2 July 1939) is Beninese politician who was President of the National Assembly of Benin from 1995 to 1999[1] and Minister of State for Planning and Prospective Development under President Mathieu Kérékou from 1999 to 2005.[2] He is currently a Deputy in the National Assembly. As the long-time leader of the Social Democratic Party (PSD), Amoussou stood as a presidential candidate in 1991, 1996, 2001, and 2006.

Political career[edit]

Amoussou was born in Djakotomey in south-western Benin. In the 1991 presidential election, he received 5.8% of the vote and fourth place, therefore failing to qualify for the second round.[3] Following the March 1995 parliamentary election, he was elected as President of the National Assembly on 12 June 1995.[4] During his political career, his support was locally concentrated in his native southwest, but it was sufficient to enable him to be a consistent player on the political scene during the 1990s and 2000s.[5] He placed fourth in the March 1996 presidential election with 7.8% of the vote;[3] along with third place finisher Houngbédji, Amoussou backed Kérékou against President Nicéphore Soglo for the second round of the election, and Kérékou was victorious.[6]

Amoussou was re-elected to the National Assembly in the March 1999 parliamentary election,[7] but on 29 April 1999, he was defeated in his bid for re-election as President of the National Assembly by Adrien Houngbédji in a parliamentary vote, despite being the favored candidate of Kérékou for the position. Amoussou received 38 votes against 45 for Houngbédji.[8] Under Kérékou, Amoussou was appointed as Minister of Development and Planning in 1999.[5] The PSD held its first ordinary congress in early 2000, and Amoussou was elected as the party's President.[9]

In the first round of the March 2001 presidential election, he placed fourth yet again with 8.6% of the vote, but participated in the runoff when the second- and third-placed candidates, Soglo and Houngbédji, withdrew from the race. Running against heavily favored incumbent Kérékou, to whom he had previously given his support for the second round, Amoussou received nearly 16% of the vote.[3][10] By providing token opposition to Kérékou after the President's most important opponents decided to boycott the vote, he gave the outcome a limited measure of legitimacy that it would have otherwise lacked. He remained Minister of Development and Planning until 2005.[5]

Amoussou ran again in the March 2006 presidential election, obtaining 16.29% of the vote and placing third.[3][11] He supported Yayi Boni in the second round.[12]

In the March 2007 parliamentary election, Amoussou and the PSD participated in the Alliance for a Dynamic Democracy,[13] and Amoussou was again elected to a seat.[14] Afterwards he was again a candidate for President of the National Assembly, losing to Mathurin Nago of the Cauris Forces for an Emerging Benin in a vote on 3 May 2007. Amoussou received 34 votes, while Nago received 45.[15][16]

At the PSD's second ordinary congress in mid-2009, Amoussou was re-elected as PSD President.[17] He was re-elected to the National Assembly in the March 2011 parliamentary election.[18]

Amoussou resigned as PSD President on 22 January 2012.[19]

He has used the campaign slogan, "He knows the country."[20]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Benin government page on former presidents of the National Assembly.
  2. ^ Willéandre Houngbedji, "Bruno Amoussou: Vaincre ou périr!", L'Araignee (Africatime.com), 3 March 2006 (French).
  3. ^ a b c d Elections in Benin, African Elections Database.
  4. ^ Africa Review (1997), page 12.
  5. ^ a b c Jennifer C. Seely, The Legacies of Transition Governments in Africa: the Cases of Benin and Togo (2009), Palgrave Macmillan, page 158.
  6. ^ Samuel Decalo, "Benin: First of the New Democracies", in Political Reform in Francophone Africa (1997), page 61, note 21.
  7. ^ Results of the 1999 parliamentary election, bj.refer.org (French).
  8. ^ Benin, Year in Review: 1999, Britannica.com.
  9. ^ "Benin: Social Democratic Party congress ends, new leaders elected", Radio Benin, 1 February 2000.
  10. ^ "Benin finally votes for president", CNN, 22 March 2001.
  11. ^ Angus Reid Global Monitor page on 2006 election.
  12. ^ "Rejecting appeal, government sets poll for 19 March", IRIN, 18 March 2006.
  13. ^ Alain C. Assogba, "Conclave à Cotonou hier : L’Add passe à l’offensive (Elle veut constituer sa propre majorité)", La Nouvelle Tribune, 6 April 2007.
  14. ^ "Proclamation des résultats des élections législatives du 31 mars 2007", BeninInfo.com (French).
  15. ^ "Benin : Mathurin Nago elected Parliament speaker", African Press Agency, 3 May 2007.
  16. ^ "Election du bureau de l’Assemblée nationale : Comment Yayi Boni a gagné le perchoir", Le Matinal, 4 May 2007 (French).
  17. ^ Sulpice O. Gbaguidi, "L’inoxydable Amoussou", fraternite-info.com, 10 August 2009 (French).
  18. ^ " Assemblée nationale/6ème législature:Liste complète des 83 députés proclamés élus par la Cour", Le Matinal, 13 May 2011 (French).
  19. ^ "Communiqué du Psd sur la démission d’Amoussou Bruno", La Nouvelle Tribune, 26 January 2012 (French).
  20. ^ "Amoussou Bruno - Il connait le pays". Library of Congress Africa Pamphlet Collection - Flickr. Retrieved 2014-05-11.