Bruno Bjelinski

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Bruno Bjelinski
Bruno Bjelinski.jpg
Born Bruno Weiss
(1909-11-01)1 November 1909
Trieste, Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, (now Italy)
Died 3 September 1992(1992-09-03) (aged 82)
Zagreb, Croatia
Nationality Croat
Occupation Composer

Bruno Bjelinski (born Bruno Weiss; November 1, 1909 – September 3, 1992) was a Croatian composer.

Bjelinski was born in Trieste into a Jewish family. He changed his surname from Weiss to Bjelinski (derivation of the word bijeli, meaning white in Croatian language).[1][2][3][4][5] He doctored in law at the University of Zagreb and later studied music at the Zagreb Academy of Music under Blagoje Bersa and Franjo Dugan. Bjelinski started composing in the 1930s with two sonatas for violin and piano (1933 and 1937). During the World War II he was sent to a concentration camp, but in 1943, with the help of a friend, he escaped and joined the Partisans on the island of Korčula. At the end of the war he lived alternately on island Vis and in the Italian city of Bari.[6][7][8] He taught at the Academy from 1945 to 1977. Bjelinski's music is described as being direct and optimistic, his fresh style lending itself to both serious music and music for children. Bjelinski composed six operas, three ballets, 15 symphonies, 2 cello concertos, a cantata, piano music, songs, chamber music, and concertos for piano, violin, viola, bassoon, flute, and piano duo. He also composed music for Croatian football movie Plavi 9. He died on island Silba.[8]

Works[edit]

  • Concerto for flute and strings, 1955
  • Ljetna simfonija (Summer Symphony), Symphony No. 1, 1955
  • Serenade for trumpet, piano, strings and percussion, 1957
  • Pčelica Maja (Maya the Bee), fairy tale opera after Waldemar Bonsels, 1963
  • Sinfonia jubilans, Symphony No. 4, 1965
  • Peter Pan, ballet for children, 1966
  • Sinfonietta concertante, for piano and orchestra, 1967
  • Musica Tonalis for oboe, bassoon and strings, 1968
  • Heraklo (Herkules) comic opera, 1971
  • Močvara (The Marsh), opera, 1972
  • Zvona (The Bells), opera, 1975
  • Orfej XX. stoljeca (Orpheus in the Twentieth Century), opera, 1981
  • Slavuj (The Nightingale), opera after Hans Christian Andersen, 1984
  • Concertino for Horn and Strings

References[edit]

  1. ^ Snješka Knežević (2011, p. 107)
  2. ^ Ivo Goldstein (2005, p. 288)
  3. ^ Ognjen Kraus (1998, p. 242)
  4. ^ (Croatian) Ha-Kol (Glasilo Židovske zajednice u Hrvatskoj); Djela hrvatskih skladatelja Židovskog podrijetla u Beču; stranica 38; broj 107, studeni / prosinac 2008.
  5. ^ "'Židovska zajednica u Hrvatskoj'". www.croatian-jewish-network.com (in Croatian) (Croatian Jewish network). 
  6. ^ Jaša Romano (1980, p. 337)
  7. ^ "'Bruno Bjelinski, hrvatski skladatelj europskih obzora'". Kolo (in Croatian) (Matica hrvatska). 
  8. ^ a b "Na današnji dan: Bruno Bjelinski". www.hrt.hr (in Croatian) (Croatian Radiotelevision). 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Snješka Knežević, Aleksander Laslo (2011). Židovski Zagreb. Zagreb: AGM, Židovska općina Zagreb. ISBN 978-953-174-393-8. 
  • Goldstein, Ivo (2005). Židovi u Zagrebu 1918 - 1941. Zagreb: Novi Liber. ISBN 953-6045-23-0. 
  • Kraus, Ognjen (1998). Dva stoljeća povijesti i kulture Židova u Zagrebu i Hrvatskoj. Zagreb: Židovska općina Zagreb. ISBN 953-96836-2-9. 
  • Romano, Jaša (1980). Jevreji Jugoslavije 1941-1945: žrtve genocida i učesnici narodnooslobodilačkog rata. Beograd: Jevrejski Istorijski Muzej, Saveza jevrejskih opština Jugoslavije.