Bruno Ritter von Hauenschild
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|Bruno Ritter von Hauenschild|
9 June 1896|
|Died||10 March 1953
|Allegiance|| German Empire (to 1918)
Weimar Republic (to 1933)
|Battles/wars||World War I
World War II
|Awards||Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves|
World War I
Shortly after Germany entered World War I, Hauenschild served as a cadet with the Bavarian 11th Field Artillery Regiment. For his achievements in the First World War, Hauenschild was awarded Bavaria's Military Order of Max Joseph. This award made Hauenschild a Knight (Ritter) and allowed him to add both this honorific title and the style "von" to his name.
World War II
At the beginning of World War II, Ritter von Hauenschild rejoined the army as an officer.
In 1943, Ritter von Hauenschild was given command of the schools for armored troops.
Defense of Berlin
On 26 January 1945, Ritter von Hauenschild was given command of the III Military District (Wehrkreis III or III Corps Area) headquartered in Berlin. He was responsible for the territories of Altmark, Neumark, and Brandenburg. Ritter von Hauenschild commanded the III Military District until 15 March. He was preceded as commander of the III Military District by Infantry General (General der Infanterie) Joachim von Kortzfleisch. Ritter von Hauenschild was followed by Pioneer General (General der Pionere) Walter Kuntze.
As the Soviets approached Berlin, Ritter von Hauenschild was also given command of the Berlin Defense Area. He was given this command in mid-April, prior to the actual start of the Battle for Berlin. Ritter von Hauenschild was relieved of command of the Berlin Defense Area on 6 March. He was replaced by Lieutenant-General (Generalleutnant) Helmuth Reymann.
Awards and decorations
- Iron Cross (1914)
- Knight's Cross of the Royal House Order of Hohenzollern with Swords
- Knight's Cross of the Military Order of Max Joseph (2 September 1918)
- Wound Badge
- in Black
- in Silver
- in Gold (1918)
- Honour Cross of the World War 1914/1918
- Anschluss Medal
- Sudetenland Medal
- Clasp to the Iron Cross (1939)
- Panzer Badge in Silver
- Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves
- Military Merit Order, 4th class with Swords (Bavaria)
- Regarding personal names: Ritter was a title, before 1919, but now is regarded as part of the surname. It is translated as Knight. Before the August 1919 abolition of nobility as a separate estate, titles preceded the full name when given (Prinz Otto von Bismarck). After 1919, these titles, along with any nobiliary prefix (von, zu, etc.), could be used, but were regarded as part of the surname, and thus came after a first name (Otto Prinz von Bismarck). There is no equivalent feminine form.
- Thomas 1997, p. 253.
- Fellgiebel 2000, p. 179.
- Fellgiebel 2000, p. 55.
- Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 – Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtsteile [The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches] (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6.
- Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2.
- Thomas, Franz (1997). Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 1: A–K [The Oak Leaves Bearers 1939–1945 Volume 1: A–K] (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7648-2299-6.
General der Kavallerie Kurt Feldt
|Commander of 24. Panzer-Division
15 April 1942 – 12 September 1942
Generalleutnant Arno von Lenski
|Commanders of the Berlin Defense Area
Early 1945 to 6 March
Generalleutnant Helmuth Reymann