Brunswick River (New South Wales)
|Brunswick River (Durangbil)|
|Middle Arm of Brunswick River, Main Arm of Brunswick River|
|An open mature wave dominated barrier estuary|
|Name origin: In honour of Queen Caroline of Brunswick|
|State||New South Wales|
|IBRA||NSW North Coast|
|Local government area||Byron|
|- right||Mullumbimby Creek, Kings Creek (New South Wales), Simpsons Creek|
|Cities||Mullumbimby, Brunswick Heads|
|- location||Palmwoods, near Uki|
|- elevation||141 m (463 ft)|
|Mouth||Coral Sea, South Pacific Ocean|
|- location||Brunswick Heads|
|- elevation||0 m (0 ft)|
|Length||34 km (21 mi)|
|Depth||1.3 m (4 ft)|
|Volume||4,267.9 m3 (150,719 cu ft)|
|Basin||226.3 km2 (87 sq mi)|
|Area||3.6 km2 (1 sq mi)|
|National park||Mount Jerusalem NP|
|Website: NSW Environment and Heritage webpage|
Course and features
Brunswick River rises on the eastern slopes of Mount Jerusalem, at Palmwoods, near Uki, and flows generally east southeast, before reaching its mouth at the Coral Sea of the South Pacific Ocean, at Brunswick Heads. The river descends 142 metres (466 ft) over its 34 kilometres (21 mi) course; through the towns of Mullumbimby and Brunswick Heads.
Brunswick River is impounded by a lake at Tyagarah, where the local tea trees give the lake water a brown tint. This lake becomes a popular swimming hole in the summer months and is used by naturists who come down from Tyagrah Beach. The naturist area is only about 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) north of Byron Bay.
The north arm of the river, called Marshalls Creek, flows through Ocean Shores, Billinudgel, Ocean Shores North and The Pocket. Marshalls Creek also connects to a canal in Ocean Shores North and South Golden Beach. The south arm of the river, called Simpsons Creek, flows through Brunswick Heads, Bayside and Tyagarah.
Between Brunswick Heads and Ocean Shores, the Pacific Highway crosses the river.
- "Brunswick River". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. Retrieved 2 March 2013.
- Roy, P. S; Williams, R. J; Jones, A. R; Yassini, I; et al. (2001). "Structure and Function of South-east Australian Estuaries". Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 53: 351–384. doi:10.1006/ecss.2001.0796.
- "Brunswick Heads". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. Retrieved 2 March 2013.
- "Map of Brunswick River, NSW". Bonzle Digital Atlas of Australia. Retrieved 2 March 2013.
- "Brunswick River catchment" (map). Office of Environment and Heritage. Government of New South Wales.