Brussels-Luxembourg railway station

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Brussels-Luxembourg
SNCB logo.svg
Railway station
Brussels Luxembourg Train Entry.jpg
Coordinates 50°50′20″N 4°22′26″E / 50.83889°N 4.37389°E / 50.83889; 4.37389Coordinates: 50°50′20″N 4°22′26″E / 50.83889°N 4.37389°E / 50.83889; 4.37389
Owned by National Railway Company of Belgium
Platforms 6
Other information
Station code LX
History
Opened 1854

Brussels-Luxembourg railway station (Dutch: Station Brussel-Luxemburg, French: Gare de Bruxelles-Luxembourg) is a station in the European Quarter of Brussels under the Esplanade of the European Parliament (part of the European Parliament complex in Brussels).

History[edit]

The station was built between 1854 and 1855 by the Grande Compagnie de Luxembourg as part of the Brussels-Luxembourg railway line it was constructing.[1] The station was built to service the new Leopold Quarter, hence its original name of Leopold Quarter station. The lead architect was Gustave Saintenoy. He designed it in a neo-classical style in keeping with the other buildings around Place de Luxembourg which were designed around the same time. The station was Brussels' third, after those built in the Allée Verte and Rue des Bogards (which would eventually become Gare du Nord and Gare du Midi). Unlike those two however, Quartier Leopold station was designed as an intermediate stop rather than a terminal.

During the 19th century the station was divided into sections to differentiate the three different classes of travel. The station was extended in 1899 and 1921 with single storey pavilions, which were then amalgamated in 1934, when the facade was standardised.[1]

The old station entrance

Reconstruction[edit]

Prior to its reconstruction in the 1990s and 2000s, the station was ground level with its front building facing the Luxembourg Square. It was redesigned as a subsurface-track station to make way for the European Parliament and a pedestrian link between Luxembourg Square and Leopold Park. The tracks were covered over and moved underground during the 1990s. The station's old building was partly demolished in 2004, with the central entrance building being incorporated into the Parliament's complex as an information office. The entrance to the station is now a few metres to the south, via stairs descending down from the esplanade or via a ground floor entrance through Parliament's József Antall building on Rue de Trèves.[2]

The station, completed in 2009, is now entirely underground, although it has been designed to allow a maximum of natural light in. Stained glass windows from the original structure were incorporated in the new building.[3] It now covers 16,000 square meters and is owned and operated by National Railway Company of Belgium. The same architect consortium responsible for the Parliament, Atelier Espace Léopold, were responsible for the station's redesign.

Future[edit]

Brussels-Luxembourg is scheduled to become an important hub on the new Brussels RER network. [3]

According to its 2004 planning document, STIB, the Brussels transportation authority, has long term plans to open a Brussels metro stop at the station. There is congestion along the main metro route running through the European quarter, and there are too many transfers being made at Arts-Loi station. To relieve this, a branch would be directed from Merode to Troon, via Brussels-Luxembourg station. There may be a further metro line running south-west from the station to serve Ixelles, Chaussee de Waterloo, and Vanderkindere. In this case, the station would become one of the major transfer points of the Brussels metro system. The plan also hopes to make the railway stations of the city more inter-connected, allowing for easier transfers from Gare du Midi, Schuman station, and Luxembourg.[4]

Train services[edit]

The station is served by the following service(s):

  • EuroCity services (IC-34) Brussels - Namur - Luxembourg - Strasbourg - Mulhouse - Basel
  • Intercity services (IC-16) Brussels - Namur - Arlon - Luxembourg
  • Intercity services (IC-17) (Schaarbeek -) Brussels - Namur - Dinant
  • Intercity services (IC-18) Brussels - Namur - Liege (weekdays)
  • Intercity services (IC-27) Brussels - Nivelles - Charleroi (weekdays)
  • Local services (RER-C) Brussels - Etterbeek - Ottingies
  • Local services (RER-J) Brussels - Etterbeek - Ottingies - Louvain-la-Neuve
  • Local services (RER-K) Brussels - Etterbeek - Halle (weekdays)
  • Local services (RER-L) Brussels - Etterbeek - Merode - Mechelen (weekdays)
  • Local services (RER-N) Aalst - Denderleeuw - Brussels - Etterbeek - Halle (weekdays)
Preceding station   NMBS/SNCB   Following station
EuroCity
toward Basel SBB
IC 16
toward Luxembourg
From Monday to Friday, except holidays
toward Schaarbeek
IC 17
From Monday to Friday, except holidays
toward Dinant
On weekends and holidays
IC 18
weekdays
Terminus IC 27
weekdays
RER C
toward Ottignies
RER J
Terminus RER K
toward Halle
Terminus RER L
weekdays
toward Mechelen
toward Aalst
RER N
weekdays
toward Halle

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Demey, Thierry (2007). Brussels, Capital of Europe. Brussels: Badeaux. pp. 49–57. 
  2. ^ Demey, Thierry (2007). Brussels, Capital of Europe. Brussels: Badeaux. pp. 372–378. 
  3. ^ a b "Brussels Luxembourg station remodelled". Railway Gazette. Retrieved 19 July 2011. 
  4. ^ "STIB 2020 Plan: Étendre le réseau de manière à mieux couvrir la demande (pdf)" (PDF) (in French). 2004. 

External links[edit]